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Rash Behari Bose: The Unsung Hero of India’s Freedom Movement

The contribution of Rash Behari Bose in India’s struggle for freedom is a notable one

Rash Behari Bose
Rash Behari Bose is one of the greatest hero of India's Freedom Movement

June 17, 2017: When we look through the pages of Indian history, we come across myriads of names of brave souls to whom we remain indebted till date, for freeing India from the control of the British Raj. We take pride in the names of those great revolutionaries of India who dedicated themselves to the sole purpose of overthrowing the British Raj. But the name of Rash Behari Bose slips through our mind and he remains one of the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle of India.

Rash Behari Bose
Rash Behari Bose. Wikimedia

The contribution of Rash Behari Bose in India’s struggle for freedom is a notable one. That makes him a legendary revolutionary and therefore snippets from his life and work, deserve a mention to rekindle the memory of “fiery” Behari in the fleeting mind of the Indians.

Childhood and Youth

Born on 25th May in Burdwan district of rural Bengal in the year 1886, Bose was brought up and completed his education in Chandannagar, the town that was under French rule during that period. Since his childhood, Bose had been a stubborn child with a bit of temper, which fuelled his revolutionary instincts at a tender age. Bose, still young, was implicated in Alipore Bomb Case around 1908; after which he went to Dehradun in North India and joined the Forest Research Institute as a head clerk. In spite of working for the British government, the fire of a revolutionist in him was alive and burning, which made him get in touch with the revolutionaries of the Jugantar movement secretly.

Failed Attempt of Assassination

The imperial capital of New Delhi was inaugurated in the year 1912. The celebrations were interrupted by an attempt of assassinating Lord Charles Hardinge- the then Viceroy of India. In an attempt to showcase his disapproval against the British, Bose had participated and actively involved himself in the bombing. After its failure, most of the revolutionaries were convicted and executed. Bose somehow managed to escape undamaged.

Life in Hiding and the episode of the Ghadar Uprising

After the failed attempt of assassination, Rash Behari had to remain hidden. He was even declared ‘wanted’ by the British Government. Later on, Bose participated in the Ghadar revolution around 1913-15 and became a prominent leader, attempting to incite a pan-India mutiny.

With the epic rise of the revolutionary activities, the British government launched a large-scale offensive with newer strategies. Many revolutionaries, nationalists, and national leaders were arrested and executed.

However, hunting down and capturing Bose was not a piece of cake due to his artful skills of concealing the master-bomber that he was. He went back to Dehradun to rejoin his position. But he had to come back to his hometown and remain underground for one year, fearing British captivity. Later, the Ghadar movement failed and the wrath of the British government led to the rise of inhuman British assault. Hiding in India became impossible and Bose sailed for Japan.

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Life in Japan and formation of IIL and Azad Hind Fauj

In Japan, Bose was able to establish strong contacts, ensuring his safety from the claws of the British. Later he got married to the daughter of the owner of Nakamuraya bakery and the couple birthed two children before the death of Bose’s wife.

After his wife’s demise, Bose devoted himself to active politics. He crafted the foundation of the IIL- Indian Independence League, with an objective to form the ‘Azad Hind Fauj.’ In the year 1943, on 5th July, Rash Behari handed over the remains of the IIL to Subhas Chandra Bose, making his younger namesake the President of the IIL and designating himself as the adviser.

Troops of the Indian National Army
Troops of the Indian National Army. Wikimedia

Honoring the legend

The government of Japan awarded Rash Behari the “Second Order of the Merit of the Rising Sun” before his demise on 21st January, 1945 in Tokyo. With great honor, the imperial coach was sent to carry his body. Long after the death of the legendary Rash Behari Bose, his remnants were brought to India by his daughter in 1959 and a tribute was paid to the noble son of our Nation by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who was the president of India during that period.

We, the citizens of India, remain indebted to Rash Behari Bose and yet we allow the memory of his diversified contributions to our nation, slip through the mind and fade into oblivion. Such an honorable national icon deserves better and we must always pay the proper tributes to such a hero.

– by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC
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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel : Remembering Iron Man of India on his death anniversary

Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's life was an inspiration. Here are few facts and memories about him on his death anniversary

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Iron Man of India (Wikimedia)
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a vital role in Indian freedom movement and persuaded the princely states to accede to independent India.

  • PM Modi and others paid tributes to Sardar Patel on death anniversary. “We remember the great Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Patel on his Punya Tithi. Every Indian is indebted to Sardar Patel for his monumental service to our nation,” PM tweeted.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, popularly known as Sardar Patel, played a major role in Indian freedom movement. The credit of persuading the princely states to accede to Republic of India goes to him. For his contribution towards national integration, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel earned the title of ‘Iron Man of India’. In 2014, the government declared his birthday, October 31, as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day).

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Pandit Nehru and Sardar Patel with Mahatama Gandhi (Wikimedia

Facts about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in Gujarat. He studied law in London, he aced the Barrister -at- Law examination there. Sardar Patel practiced law in India and then became one of the most successful lawyers in the country.
  • Sardar Patel was married to Jhaverba and had a daughter Maniben and son Dahyabhai. His wife died of cancer when their children were just 5 and 3 years old. Sardar Patel with his family’s support raised the children.
  • Sardar Patel was offered a job for the British government on multiple occasions, but turned them all down.
  • During Congress elections in 1946, thirteen out of sixteen states chose Sardar Patel as their president, who was the more popular candidate and would have eventually become the first Prime Minister of independent India. But upon Gandhi’s request, he stepped down as a candidate and endorsed Jawaharlal Nehru instead.
  • Sardar Patel worked extensively against alcohol consumption, untouchability, caste discrimination and for women emancipation in Gujarat and outside.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1991.

Sardar Patel Statue of Unity

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Proposed Sardar Patel statue (Statue of unity)

Sardar Patel Statue of Unity is tribute to great man of India, it will also boost tourism. The Statue of Unity is an iconic 182 meter tall landmark statue dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Post completion in 2018, the Statue of Unity will be the world’s tallest statue. A monument of this stature is supposed to act as a catalyst to accelerate growth of the Narmada District, benefitting the resident population at large. The vision behind Sardar Patel Statue of Unity is to develop the place as a source of inspiration for ages to come.

In today’s world we can seek inspiration from Iron Man of India whose ideology was “India first”, Sardar Patel undoubtedly will be the source of inspiration for ages to come.

– by Shaurya Ritwik, Shaurya is Sub-Editor at NewsGram and writes on Geo-politcs, Culture, Indology and Business. Twitter Handle – @shauryaritwik