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Next Generation of Antitrust Scholars Conference 2016

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New Delhi: American Bar association and the New York University (NYU) nominated an assistant professor at Haryana’s Jindal Global Law School. The professor has been selected to present his research at the renowned ‘2016 Next Generation of Antitrust Scholars Conference’, to be held in New York next month.

Professor Avirup Bose will present his research on ‘Institutional Design of India’s Competition Law’ as a discussant at the NYU School of Law on January 22, a university statement said on Monday.

Prof. Eleanor Fox, one of the most celebrated antitrust scholars of the world will be critiquing Prof. Bose’s research work.

He is the first Indian antitrust scholar who has been selected to represent his research at the conference.

“I am honoured to have been selected, especially being the first Indian to be on this prestigious list. There is a paucity of serious antitrust scholarship coming out of India and I am glad to make a small contribution,” Bose said.

The conference hosts the brightest young minds in the antitrust (competition law) scholarship marking out those who display a promise to be a part of the next generation of leading antitrust scholars.

Avirup holds law degrees from the National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, and the Harvard Law School.(IANS)

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Facebook Aims to Make MRI Scans Faster Using AI With New York University

Advanced image reconstruction might enable ultra-low-dose CT scans suitable for vulnerable populations, such as pediatric patients, Facebook said

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LinkedIn faced probe for Facebook ads targeting 18 mn non-members. Pixabay

Facebook has forged a partnership with the New York University (NYU) on a research project that aims to make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans up to 10 times faster by leveraging the power of Artificial Intelligence (AI).

If the project, called fastMRI, yields the desired results, it will make MRI technology available to more people, expanding access to this key diagnostic tool, Facebook said in a blog post on Monday.

MRI scanners provide doctors and patients with images that typically show a greater level of detail related to soft tissues — such as organs and blood vessels — than is captured by other forms of medical imaging.

But they are relatively slow, taking anywhere from 15 minutes to over an hour, compared with less than a second or up to a minute, respectively, for X-ray and CT scans.

These long scan times can make MRI machines challenging for young children, as well as for people who are claustrophobic or for whom lying down is painful.

Additionally, there are MRI shortages in many rural areas and in other countries with limited access, resulting in long scheduling backlogs.

Making MRI scanners faster has several benefits, including increased access to these devices for patients.

Sufficiently accelerated MRI devices could also reduce the amount of time patients must hold their breath during imaging of the heart, liver, or other organs in the abdomen and torso.

Increased speed could let MRI machines fill the role of X-ray and CT machines for some applications, allowing patients to avoid the ionising radiation associated with those scans.

MRI Scans
Making MRI scanners faster has several benefits, including increased access to these devices for patients. Pixabay

This NYU-Facebook project will initially focus on changing how MRI machines operate.

Currently, scanners work by gathering raw numerical data in a series of sequential views and turning the data into cross-sectional images of internal body structures that doctors then use to evaluate a patient’s health.

The larger the data set to be gathered, the longer the scan will take.

Using AI, it may be possible to capture less data and therefore scan faster, while preserving or even enhancing the rich information content of magnetic resonance images.

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The key is to train artificial neural networks to recognise the underlying structure of the images in order to fill in views omitted from the accelerated scan, Facebook said.

The Facebook Artificial Intelligence Research (FAIR) group, believes that though this project will initially focus on MRI technology, its long-term impact could extend to many other medical imaging applications.

For example, the improvements afforded by AI have the potential to revolutionise CT scans as well.

Advanced image reconstruction might enable ultra-low-dose CT scans suitable for vulnerable populations, such as pediatric patients, Facebook said. (IANS)