New Delhi: American Bar association and the New York University (NYU) nominated an assistant professor at Haryana’s Jindal Global Law School. The professor has been selected to present his research at the renowned ‘2016 Next Generation of Antitrust Scholars Conference’, to be held in New York next month.
Professor Avirup Bose will present his research on ‘Institutional Design of India’s Competition Law’ as a discussant at the NYU School of Law on January 22, a university statement said on Monday.
Prof. Eleanor Fox, one of the most celebrated antitrust scholars of the world will be critiquing Prof. Bose’s research work.
He is the first Indian antitrust scholar who has been selected to represent his research at the conference.
“I am honoured to have been selected, especially being the first Indian to be on this prestigious list. There is a paucity of serious antitrust scholarship coming out of India and I am glad to make a small contribution,” Bose said.
The conference hosts the brightest young minds in the antitrust (competition law) scholarship marking out those who display a promise to be a part of the next generation of leading antitrust scholars.
Avirup holds law degrees from the National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, and the Harvard Law School.(IANS)
Facebook has forged a partnership with the New York University (NYU) on a research project that aims to make magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans up to 10 times faster by leveraging the power of Artificial Intelligence (AI).
If the project, called fastMRI, yields the desired results, it will make MRI technology available to more people, expanding access to this key diagnostic tool, Facebook said in a blog post on Monday.
MRI scanners provide doctors and patients with images that typically show a greater level of detail related to soft tissues — such as organs and blood vessels — than is captured by other forms of medical imaging.
But they are relatively slow, taking anywhere from 15 minutes to over an hour, compared with less than a second or up to a minute, respectively, for X-ray and CT scans.
These long scan times can make MRI machines challenging for young children, as well as for people who are claustrophobic or for whom lying down is painful.
Additionally, there are MRI shortages in many rural areas and in other countries with limited access, resulting in long scheduling backlogs.
Making MRI scanners faster has several benefits, including increased access to these devices for patients.
Sufficiently accelerated MRI devices could also reduce the amount of time patients must hold their breath during imaging of the heart, liver, or other organs in the abdomen and torso.
Increased speed could let MRI machines fill the role of X-ray and CT machines for some applications, allowing patients to avoid the ionising radiation associated with those scans.
This NYU-Facebook project will initially focus on changing how MRI machines operate.
Currently, scanners work by gathering raw numerical data in a series of sequential views and turning the data into cross-sectional images of internal body structures that doctors then use to evaluate a patient’s health.
The larger the data set to be gathered, the longer the scan will take.
Using AI, it may be possible to capture less data and therefore scan faster, while preserving or even enhancing the rich information content of magnetic resonance images.
The key is to train artificial neural networks to recognise the underlying structure of the images in order to fill in views omitted from the accelerated scan, Facebook said.
The Facebook Artificial Intelligence Research (FAIR) group, believes that though this project will initially focus on MRI technology, its long-term impact could extend to many other medical imaging applications.
For example, the improvements afforded by AI have the potential to revolutionise CT scans as well.
Advanced image reconstruction might enable ultra-low-dose CT scans suitable for vulnerable populations, such as pediatric patients, Facebook said. (IANS)
It has been found that bilingual children have superior emotional and cerebral control than monolingual peers
Apart from the cognitive wealth, bilingual kids also attain perceptual benefit while transforming speaker’s voice
The skill of perceiving knowledge about the speaker enhances with the age
US, June 13, 2017: Speaking multiple languages has always been a benison for a person. In this globalized era, besides gaining economic advantages and earning jobs for themselves, linguistic qualifications have served the people in many other ways as well.
According to a study, from the very early years of life, speaking different lines has proved to be fruitful. It has been found that bilingual children have superior emotional and cerebral control than monolingual peers which helps them to concentrate and reflect on things in the better manner. It also enhances their skills in identifying different voices.
According to ANI report, researchers have been engaged in a study which reveals that bilingual kids may derive experience from hearing to differentiated accented speeches securing a better knowledge and wider social perception. This helps them in recognizing several languages.
Apart from the cognitive wealth, bilingual kids also attain perceptual benefit while transforming speaker’s voice. Susannah Levi from the New York University states that the perceptional advantage resides in the heart of the vocal understanding. The aim is not to process the linguistic orientation but to unfold the speaker’s information. Levi stresses on the fact that speech carries with it the details of the message being conveyed and information about the speaker.
An examination was carried out to test the validity of the benefits of bilingualism in kids. 41 kids were selected which included 19 bilingual children and 22 monolingual English speakers. They were further categorized according to their age groups: below nine years and above ten years.
It was found that the latter age group performed better than the former group which proves the fact that the skill of perceiving knowledge about the speaker enhances with the age. Children who held fluency in speaking English and German also performed better than their monolingual friends in identifying and transforming voices as per suggested by Levi. Bilingual children not only recognized the discriminating voices but were also capable of learning different languages faster than the other group of children.
According to Levi, the study was ideal to examine the advantages of speaking multiple languages as it compared the children on the basis of both, a familiar language and an unfamiliar language to all the participants.
– prepared by Himanshi Goyal of Newsgram, Twitter: @himanshi1104
Jaipur: The British-born Ghanaian philosopher, cultural, political and moral theorist Kwame Anthony Appiah asserted that phenomenon like “honor killings” are resorted by those who are morally weak and the motivation for it is shame rather than guilt.
Honor and morality can oppose each other, and the former can lead people into committing despicable acts like “honor killings” despite them knowing their actions are morally wrong and should not be done, he says.
“Honor and morality are different systems that can conflict in cases like of honor killings… Honor draws people to do something they know is morally wrong and they ought not to do but this does not stop them,” he said at a session titled “The Honor Code” at the Jaipur Literature Festival on Friday evening.
“Guilt is moral and shame stems from honor,” he said, adding that the sense of shame can be given to someone, not guilt.
Appiah, who holds a position at the New York University’s philosophy department and school of law and has authored “The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen” which deals majorly with three changes — the end of the practice of foot-binding in China, the slavery trade and duelling in England — that came through moral shifts, says he had studied the issue and came to conclusion that honor was a matter of a system, based on local norms of how respect is assigned, and the right of respect is addressed through identity, which can be of family, caste, nation, religion or gender.
“Identity is what you are supposed to be doing.. You are supposed to confirm to the norms,” he said, adding morality is what holds you responsible and honor is something other people have a stake in.
On his typology of revolutions, Appiah contended that revolutions, in the classic sense entailing a big change in a small time, related to political revolutions of which the French Revolution is the ‘obvious’ stereotype but moral and lifestyle revolutions were different, insofar they had different time frames, and entail at least 20 to 25 years, or a generational gap, example attitude in the US for gay marriage.
The difference is that lifestyle revolutions encompass new ideas, a big change in morality and have significance in daily life, while the moral kind, such as on equality for women and abolition of slavery, have arguments already in place, so the issue is not about changing of minds but the big change comes when habits change, he said.
Leading Indian cultural and literary theorist Homi K Bhabha, who had initiated the discussion, contended that honour, especially in the case of “honor” killings, was linked to authority, and a sense of humiliation was important for both shame and honor, the latter being an ambivalent response to the issue of shame. He also contended that sex was a problematic area in this connection.
Appiah said it was a question of privacy that linked to sex. “Everyone knows what the others are doing. What is constrained by shame is visibility,” he said, stressing shame is connected to visibility and there is loss of respect through exposure, and thus shame.
Holding of laws were needed against issues like “honor killings” and racial discrimination, he however stressed that the law and the state were important factors here but not the determinants and a moral change was imperative.(Vikas Datta,IANS)