Friday April 3, 2020

Usage of Opioids Increases Among People with Non-Cancer Pain

Number of people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed an opioid medicine increase

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The number of people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed opioids increased in the last two-and-a-half decades. Pixabay

The number of people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed an opioids worldwide increased in the last two-and-a-half decades, say health researchers.

Chronic pain unrelated to cancer includes conditions such as chronic lower back pain, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

The research, published in the Journal of Internal Medicin, spanned eight countries and evaluated 42 published studies that included 5,059,098 people with chronic pain conditions (other than cancer). Two-thirds of the studies were from the US; one study was from Australia and the other studies were from the United Kingdom, Norway, India, Spain, Denmark and Canada.

“Over this period, on average around 30 per cent of people with chronic pain were prescribed an opioid medicine,” said study lead author Stephanie Mathieson from the University of Sydney in Australia. “We noted that a higher proportion of people were prescribed a strong opioid medicine such as oxycodone compared to weak opioid pain-relieving medicines,” Mathieson added.

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In the early studies, opioids were prescribed to about 20 per cent of patients experiencing chronic pain. Pixabay

According to the researchers, in the period 1991-2015, prescribing of opioid medicines increased markedly. In the early studies, opioid medicines were prescribed to about 20 per cent of patients experiencing chronic pain but the later studies report rates of more than 40 per cent.

According to the findings, on average over this period approximately one in three patients (30.7 per cent) were prescribed an opioid medicine. The study found that 42 per cent of patients with chronic lower back pain were prescribed an opioid andthe average age of those prescribed an opioid medicine was 55.7 years.

In 17 studies that described the type of opioid pain relievers prescribed: 24.1 per cent were strong combination products containing opioids (eg oxycodone plus paracetamol), 18.4 per cent were strong opioids (eg oxycodone, morphine, fentanyl) and 8.5 percent were weak opioids (eg codeine, tramadol).

Also Read- Here’s How Dairy Milk Consumption Can Lead to Breast Cancer

The study aimed to establish a baseline for how commonly opioids are prescribed for people with chronic pain conditions (other than cancer). But the authors discovered a crucial evidence gap in prescription data in countries outside of the US. “While we have sufficient data for this purpose for the US, we have little or no data for other countries,” the authors wrote. (IANS)

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Time to Make Your Immune System Stronger

10 easy steps to build a stronger immune system

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Add some superfoods in your diet to build up your immune system. Pixabay

We often see how people around us get affected by viral infections and fevers easily; they have to keep making visits to the doctor at regular intervals.

Dr Sheryl Salis, Registered Dietician and Certified Diabetes Educator states that this is all a result of their poor immune system and shares easy ways to boost your immunity.

Salis adds, “The immune system acts as a defense mechanism against disease-causing microorganisms and protects us from all viruses and microbes that our body is exposed to daily.

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Can you imagine having no gatekeeper to fight and defend your body against various germs and microbes exposed every day? No right? Well, that’s how important it is to build a strong immune system by improving your diet and making the necessary lifestyle changes.”

Follow these ten steps to to build a strong immune system:

1. Switch/Add Morigna Green teas/Green Teas/Green Coffees for health benefits

Sip on Superfood Moringa Green tea, it is formulated to give you all the benefits of Green Tea combined with the power of the superfood Moringa. It is packed with vitamins and minerals. It is rich in vitamin C and has antioxidants properties which helps boost immunity. It helps maintain bone and joint health, helps regulate metabolism and aids in weight management.

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Vitamin C can strengthen your immune system. Pixabay

Similarly, unlike regular coffee, Green Coffee is unroasted and hence it has three times more antioxidant potential which is otherwise lost during the roasting process. It is a health booster that is high in antioxidants which helps boost immunity and aids in weight control and management.

2. Wash the Germs Away

Well, we’ve all heard this right since our school days and that’s how important it actually is. Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly, particularly leafy vegetables, cauliflower and broccoli as a precautionary measure before using them.

3. A Colorful Plate

Include colourful fruit and vegetables like pumpkin, bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, papaya that add flavour to your palate. These are essentially rich in antioxidants and help you build a stronger immune system.

4. The Major Player – ‘Vitamin C’

Include foods rich in Vitamin C like orange, sweet lime, lemon, gooseberry, bell pepper, berries, tomato, dark leafy vegetables, cashew fruit, kiwi, strawberry, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, etc. which boost your immune system.

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Did you know? Amla has the highest Vit C content which is almost equal to the Vit C of two oranges. Amla has potent anti -viral and antioxidant properties. Dried amla is as good as fresh amla as it contains substances which partially protect the vitamin C from destruction on heating or drying.

5. Add Zinc to your diet

Foods rich in zinc such as nuts, whole grains, legumes, yeast, dairy products also help boost immune function and are highly recommended to be incorporated in the diet.

6. Soups with Superfoods

Soups are one of the best options for those evening hunger pangs. Soup essentially makes for the ultimate evening snack as it is not only low in calories but also gives much needed satiety. It is a convenient and nourishing option to keep you warm and agile. These days, you get instant-ready soup with superfoods; they are so nutritious that it has up to four times the protein content compared to regular soups.

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Soups with superfoods are considered to be very healthy for your immune system. Pixabay

7. Enhance Digestion and stay Hydrated

It surely helps if you use garlic, pepper, ginger, asafetida (hing), cumin seeds/powder, turmeric, moringa, lemongrass, basil, and coriander in cooking as they help enhance digestion and improve immunity. Did you know that adding black pepper to the turmeric helps in the absorption of active ingredients in turmeric? You can mix and add it to food especially soups.

8. Spice Up Your Meal

Pepper rasam and sambhar has all the essential spices and is just right to boost your immune system. Spices tend to be very helpful in building a strong defense mechanism against viral infections. Ensure to include sambhar and rasam to your meals.

9. Kill the Virus with these anti-viral foods

Garlic, Fennel, Basil, Cloves and Tulsi have anti-viral properties that help you maintain and boost your immune system whilst you stay prepared to fight the viral infections and flus

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10. Drink Healthy Juices

Try these healthy juice combinations like Beetroot + Carrot + Spinach + Amla + Ginger or Apple + Beetroot + Carrot + Ginger + Lemon + Celery. These juices not only energize you and help you maintain youthfulness but also help boost your immune system in an efficient manner.

We can boost our immune systems by adding the above mentioned foods easily available in our kitchen to build a stronger immune system without letting us compromise on our favorite meals.

Also Read- Researchers Develop AI Algorithm That Can Diagnose Skin Diseases

It is extremely important to build a strong immune system which will work in our defense during times of distress.

Stay safe and healthy! (IANS)