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V Shantaram: The Man Who Shaped Indian Cinema

V Shantaram was a multi-talented man. His interest also lied in music.

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V Shantaram was the man who changed the Indian cinema with his work. Wikimedia Commons
V Shantaram was the man who changed the Indian cinema with his work. Wikimedia Commons
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By Ruchika Verma

  • V Shantaram was a veteran filmmaker
  • He was also an actor and recipient of many awards and achievements
  • He was one of the most prolific personalities in the history of Indian cinema

Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre, or popularly known as, V Shantaram or Shantaram Bapu, is hailed as a pioneer of Indian cinema. He was a successful Marathi film director, producer and actor whose career spanned over nearly 66 illustrious years.

A google doodle in the memory of V Shantaram in the honour of his 116th birthday. Google
A Google doodle in the memory of V Shantaram in the honour of his 116th birthday. Google

He is mostly known for introducing sound and colour to Indian cinema. V Shantaram before venturing into mainstream cinema used to work at Maharashtra Film Co., doing odd jobs. He debuted as an actor in 1921 in the silent movie, Surekha Haran.

This veteran filmmaker has achieved a lot during his long career. Here is all you need to know about the great man who changed the Indian Cinema, V Shantaram :

  • V Shantaram has shaped the history of Indian cinema by introducing sound and colour to the movies. He was born on 18th November 1901 in Kolhapur, Maharashtra and died at the age of 88 on 30th October 1990  in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
  • He started directing films at the age of 18, which included the famous Gopalkrishna in 1929.

Also Read: Indian art gaining worldwide recognition

Indian cinema wouldn't have been the same without V Shantaram and his contributions towards it. Pixabay
Indian cinema wouldn’t have been the same without V Shantaram and his contributions towards it. Pixabay
  • V Shantaram, who was also famously known as Annasaheb, used cinema as an instrument to bring in social changes, advocate humanism and raise a voice against injustice.
  • He was also a supporter of strong female characters and women empowerment. One of his earlier films, ‘Kunku’ was about a young girl who is forced into a marriage with an older man and how she bravely protests against it. His film, ‘Manoos’ is the love story of a police officer and a prostitute.
  • When sound was introduced to the cinema in the 1930s, V Shantaram made the first bilingual film in the history of Indian cinema called ‘Ayodhyecha Raja’ or ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ in Hindi.
He introduced colour and music to indian Cinema. Wikimedia Commons
He introduced colour and music to Indian Cinema. Wikimedia Commons
  • V Shantaram was a multi-talented man. His interest also lied in music and he actively participated in the creation of music in his films. It is said that he also ‘ghost-wrote’ music for many of his music directors.
  • V Shantaram also had a long list of admirers, from veteran actor Rajesh Khanna to international star Charlie Chaplin who was a great fan of his film, ‘Manoos’.

Also Read: Indian Diaspora: Dissecting the incredible 

  • V Shantaram was recipient of many awards and honors, he was bestowed with the Dadasaheb Phalke Lifetime Achievement Award in 1985 and received the prestigious Padma Vibhushan in 1992. He won the National Film Awards and also the President’s Gold Medal. His movies were also screenedin many international film festivals. He also received nominations in the Golden Globe Awards.
A still from his famous movie, 'Shakuntala.' Wikimedia Commons
A still from his famous movie, ‘Shakuntala.’ Wikimedia Commons
  • His 1942 movie, ‘Shakuntala’ ran for 104 weeks in Mumbai.
  • His personal life is also very interesting, he had three wives. He was one of the first men who took divorce after it became legal in 1956.
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‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro’ Director Kundan Shah Passes Away at 69

The filmmaker, hailed by the Indian film fraternity as a "master storyteller", would have turned 70 on October 19.

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Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro
The celebrated filmmaker died in his sleep, after suffering a heart attack. (IANS)

Mumbai, October 9, 2017 : Filmmaker Kundan Shah, who gave Indian cinema a different brand of humor with the cult black comedy “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro” and subsequently television shows like “Nukkad” and “Wagle Ki Duniya” with the ‘aam aadmi’ at the centrestage, died early on Saturday, a family member said. He was 69.

“He died in his sleep early in the morning,” his relative told IANS.

Satish Kaushik, who wrote dialogues for “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro” and acted in it, said Shah suffered a cardiac arrest.

His last rites were performed at Shivaji Park crematorium by daughter Shilpa with close family members and friends from the film fraternity in attendance, including “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro” actors Naseeruddin Shah and Satish Shah, as well as Sudhir Mishra, Anil Kapoor, Deepak Dobriyal, Ratna Pathak, Raveena Tandon and Ashoke Pandit.

The filmmaker, hailed by the Indian film fraternity as a “master storyteller”, would have turned 70 on October 19.

His tryst with learning about film direction began at the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) in Pune. Just last week, he was at the institute for an event. He had even paid a tribute to actor Tom Alter, who died on September 29, and had spoken about a tentative script that he wrote for a part two of “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro”, his debut directorial which came out in 1983.

In an interview to IANS, Shah had said he had applied for a loan of Rs 400,000 to make the movie, but then the production cost went up and finally it was made at a budget of Rs 725,000 as the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) came on board as producer.

“Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro” narrated a tale of two simple and honest photographers, who witness a murder and get dragged into the corrupt real estate circle where politicians and bureaucrats are involved. The film, laced with slapstick comedy, didn’t fetch good box office, but achieved cult status with time.

“When I was making the film, I never thought it would be such an acclaimed movie. Every filmmaker has some dreams and this film has given me more than I dreamt of. It surpassed my expectations,” Shah had told IANS.

He had received his first and only National Film Award – Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director – for it. This was the same award that Shah had returned to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting during the student protests in FTII in 2015 over Gajendra Chauhan’s appointment as its chairman.

The movie featured actors like Naseeruddin Shah, Ravi Baswani, Om Puri, Pankaj Kapur, Satish Shah, Satish Kaushik, Bhakti Barve and Neena Gupta. And Shah believed it gave “a lot to the entire cast and crew and its success is beyond their imagination too”.

After making “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro”, Shah moved to television and worked there for seven years — giving such gems as “Nukkad”, “Wagle Ki Duniya” and “Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi”, all of which gave the Indian telly audience a reason to laugh away their worries with stories of everyday struggles.

With its simple yet compelling narrative, the Doordarshan show “Nukkad”, told stories of lower income people battling issues while trying to survive in a tough social and economic climate.

“Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi” saw Satish Shah infuse laughter by essaying different characters from many professions and regions of India, in different episodes.

“Wagle Ki Duniya”, based on cartoonist R.K. Laxman’s character of the common man, dealt with the woes of the middle-class Indian. With impeccable performances by Anjan Srivastav and Bharati Achrekar, it’s still etched in the minds of Hindi TV buffs of the late 1980s.

It is for Shah’s sensitivity towards the common man that filmmaker Prakash Jha dubbed him as the “Common Man of Cinema”.

Shah returned to films with the 1993 coming-of-age romantic drama “Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa”, which saw Shah Rukh Khan romance Suchitra Krishnamoorthi.

“He was a good man and a genius filmmaker,” Suchitra, who wishes a “glorious afterlife” for Shah, told IANS.

In a long career, Shah came up with few but impactful works.

Filmmaker Mahesh Bhatt described Shah as a brave man “who added vigour to the alternate cinema stream with movies like ‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro'”.

Actor Satish Kaushik said Shah gave “comedy a new face”, while Sudhir Mishra, who was his friend, said Shah was “wise, crazy, academic, imaginative and mourned the impossibility of true love”.

Seven years after “Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa”, Shah came up with “Kya Kehna”. With teenage pregnancy at its core, the Preity Zinta-starrer was ahead of its time and did well. His subsequent projects “Hum To Mohabbat Karega”, “Dil Hai Tumhaara” and his last movie as a director “P Se PM Tak” failed to get commercial success. (IANS)