Thursday April 2, 2020
Home India Van Mahotsav:...

Van Mahotsav: The Festival Of Plantation Drive In India

The festival of 'Van Mahotsav' is celebrated every year in the country in a bid to raise awareness about the importance of trees and encourage people to plant more of them

0
//
Van Mahotsav is now a week-long festival, celebrated on different days in different parts of India, but usually between 1 July to 7 July. Wikimedia Commons
Van Mahotsav is now a week-long festival, celebrated on different days in different parts of India, but usually between 1 July to 7 July. Wikimedia Commons
  • The survival of the human race wouldn’t have been possible without trees
  • The festival of ‘Van Mahotsav’ is celebrated every year in the country in a bid to raise awareness about the importance of trees
  • Going by the Van Mahotsav history, the choice of picking the first week of July to celebrate the festival was indeed a visionary move

“A soil adapted to the growth of plants is necessarily prepared and carefully preserved; and, in the necessary waste of land which is inhabited, the foundation is laid for future continents, in order to support the system of the living world.”

– James Hutton

The survival of the human race wouldn’t have been possible without trees. Serving mankind since time immemorial with its shade and cover, food and livelihood resources, trees play a vital role in sustaining life on the planet. As the population in India grows at an uncontrollable rate, the need for more infrastructure and living spaces continues to engorge whatever remains of the forest cover in the country. In fact, according to a report by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the total remaining tree cover of India that included forests and non-forest areas was 24.16% in 2015.

Also Read: Significance of the Diwali, Celebrations & Rituals, Date & Diwali Recipes

The festival of ‘Van Mahotsav’ is celebrated every year in the country in a bid to raise awareness about the importance of trees and encourage people to plant more of them. The festival finds mass participation of people, including government agencies, civic bodies and educational institutions across the country who come together every year to plant saplings.

According to a report by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the total remaining tree cover of India that included forests and non-forest areas was 24.16% in 2015. Wikimedia Commons
According to a report by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the total remaining tree cover of India that included forests and non-forest areas was 24.16% in 2015. Wikimedia Commons

 Van Mahotsav History

In order to promote annual tree-planting movement, which is also known as Van Mahotsav, the festival was started on August 21, 1950, by Kulapati Dr KM Munshi, then the honoured Union Minister for Agriculture and Food, to create enthusiasm among masses for forest conservation and planting trees. He planted the first of 108 saplings donated by the Delhi Gujarati Samaj. Rendering the idea to that of a festival where the contribution of the silent sentinels towards the planet would be celebrated rather than just organising a plantation drive, he wanted people to be enthusiastic towards the cause just as one would be during other festivals.

Dr KM Munshi also intended to inculcate consciousness and love for trees among the citizens and popularise planting and tending of trees in farms, villages, and municipal and public lands. Interestingly, the term Van Mahotsav first cropped up in July 1947 after a successful tree plantation drive that was held in Delhi and saw the participation of national leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad and Abdul Kalam Azad.

Going by the Van Mahotsav history, the choice of picking the first week of July to celebrate the festival was indeed a visionary move. Marking the onset of monsoon season in most parts of the country, most saplings planted during this period have more chances of survival than the ones planted during other times of the year.

Also Read: Best Rangoli Design Ideas to Brighten Up Your House

It is now a week-long festival, celebrated on different days in different parts of India, but usually between 1 July to 7 July. The Van Mahotsav festival began after a flourishing tree planting drive which was undertaken in Delhi, in which national leaders participated. The festival was simultaneously celebrated in a number of states in India. That festival followed the plantation of millions of saplings of diverse species with the energetic participation of local people and various agencies like the forest department. The new awareness spread as the “Chipko Movement” rose in popularity as a crusade to save mother earth.

Van Mahotsav festival was started on August 21, 1950, by Kulapati Dr KM Munshi, then the honoured Union Minister for Agriculture and Food. Wikimedia Commons
Van Mahotsav festival was started on August 21, 1950, by Kulapati Dr KM Munshi, then the honoured Union Minister for Agriculture and Food. Wikimedia Commons

Aims Of The Van Mahotsav Day

The continuous demolishing level of trees in India has been a problem for a long time, and Van Mahotsav is important in creating awareness of the issues. According to the forest department, for every tree felled ten trees should be planted to make up for its loss. The festival raises the awareness of trees among people and highlights the need for planting and tending of trees as one of the best ways to prevent global warming and reduce pollution. It helps spread awareness about the harm caused by the cutting down of trees, and it is expected that every citizen of India will plant a sapling in the Van Mahotsav week.

Some of the objectives of Van Mahotsav day as visualized by Dr KM Munshi are as follows:

  1. Providing alternative fuel options

2. Provide fodder leaves for cattle to relieve the intensity of grazing over reserved forests

3. To increase production of fruits, which could be added to the potential food resources of the country

4. Aid in creating shelter-belts around agricultural fields to increase their productivity

5. Boost soil conservation and prevent further deterioration of soil fertility

Also Read: Saphala Ekadashi: Significance, Celebrations, Rituals, Festival Timings and Dates

Planting of trees also helps to avoid soil erosion which may cause floods. Apart from all these aids, sowing trees can be extremely effective in slowing down global warming and trees also help in reducing pollution as they make the air cleaner. More than anything else, it offers a natural aesthetic beauty.

On 5th June 2015, Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala also came up with tree plantation drive. Wikimedia Commons
On 5th June 2015, Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala also came up with tree plantation drive. Wikimedia Commons

VAN Mahotsav India

In India, people celebrate Van Mahotsav day by planting trees or saplings in homes, offices, schools and colleges. The various organizations and volunteers have taken up the free circulation of trees as well. An event that sees lakhs of saplings being planted every year, Van Mahotsav is indeed a celebration of life. With the ever-growing, life-threatening perils of global warming and pollution. The festival aims at increasing the green cover of India.

The stress on planting native trees are more, as they most readily adapt to local conditions, supports local biodiversity and have a high survival rate. In order to supply saplings to various organizations and institutions such as schools, colleges and academic institutions, NGOs and welfare organizations for planting trees, state Governments and civic bodies play a vital role. In India, the most suitable time for tree planting in July, as it is the onset of the monsoon season and likely to be more effective.

Also Read: Ram and Ravana Have More In Common Than You Think: 5 Traits of the Anti-Hero Ravana That You Must Learn | Dussehra Special

As at 2016, tree cover of India (including forests and non-forest areas) was 23.81%. The Government of India has set a target of 33% cover by 2020. In 2015 the State Government of Assam announced that it intended to plant 25 lakh(2.5 million) trees. The officials of Assam said, this would not only benefit the environment but also have a direct influence on the socio-economic development of Assam, which has 70% or its people working in the agricultural sector. Due to the recent state drought, the Maharashtra state government has taken upon itself to give the state a green makeover. The lack of green cover or forests not only disturbs the delicate balance of nature but also harms the ecosystem of the animals. Droughts and floods are a great indicator of this disturbance.

Van Mahotsav festival boosts soil conservation and prevent further deterioration of soil fertility. Wikimedia Commons
Van Mahotsav festival boosts soil conservation and prevent further deterioration of soil fertility. Wikimedia Commons

To lend some encouraging support, even the Indian Army has taken up the plantation drive and is aiming at planting lakhs of tree saplings in the state of Maharashtra. Reportedly, the army and the state government have already planted at least seven or eight lakh trees across Maharashtra’s state capital, Mumbai. On 5th June 2015, Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala also came up with tree plantation drive.

‘The Better India’ alongside ‘NAATA Foundation’ has initiated a program, ‘Plant a Tree and Gift a Living, by planting 5000 fruit trees in Aarey Milk Colony, Mumbai. Each of these saplings needs an approximate amount of Rs 100 for their nourishment over the period of 2-3 years, after which they will be sufficient to supplement the income of the community by adding an additional source of livelihood, while also restoring the tree cover of the area.

Next Story

Virus of Hatred and Insanity Wreaking Havoc With the Preventive Measures in India

All you need to know about the Tablighi congregation at Nizamuddin

0
India Tablighi
The Tablighi Jamaat congregation has created a havoc in India.

By SALIL GEWALI

Why is the WORLD on lockdown now? It is exclusively intended to keep away from any XYZ who might have infected with COVID-19 and thus contain the deadly pandemic as soon as possible. To combat the outbreak how much “monetary loss” each nation has been incurring each day is unprecedented and unimaginable. Here the main concern being to “save” the lives of the citizens at any rate. Yes, each nation-state considers each life of a citizen as “precious” as anything.

But look at the situation arising out of the Tablighi congregation at Nizamuddin, New Delhi,India and its immediately aftermath. It has raised many questions than answers. What is very disgusting is some of the members of the organization caught “repeatedly spitting” from the windows of the bus as reported by “Hindustan Times” and other news media. Some members directly spat on a “woman” calling her ‘coronavirus’. The members did not even heed to the requests from the elderly people and doctors. Finally, police had to forcefully close the windows of the bus.

Please follow NewsGram on Facebook to get updates on the latest news

Well, everyone knows that COVID-19 spreads through droplets that come out from our mouths. So, to prevent the possible infection from the fluid droplets we strictly ensure that we cover our mouths with masks. The whole world is doing that. But why this godless act by “certain” members of the religious attendees of Tablighi in New Delhi thereby putting other public potentially at risk. Why such an evil motive, who all are encouraging such things?

India Tablighi
Well, a very learned scholar and also the Governor of Kerala,India, Arif Mohammad Khan described the non-cooperation of the certain Muslim community as a “crime against the nation and humanity.”

Was that elaborate religious congregation not mean to teach us how to be more conscious as a human being and to be compassionate towards other “fellow beings”? What is appalling at this hour of crisis is that there are many Mosques in India which are deliberately “defying” the lockdown order and observing the regular namazs and mindlessly encouraging mass gathering. Some have attacked police while in some states the medical doctors or their assistants associated with the quarantine care have been disrespected, abused and manhandled. Mindless stone-pelting upon the doctors and police have been reported from several states in the country. Why are such disgustingly inhumane behaviors arising from the community of a particular faith only? Why are certain people so uncouth and so uncooperative? Can the pandemic catastrophe be put down by such inhumane behaviors? Will it not be “irreligious” itself when the people, be it from any faiths, recklessly contribute to the suffering of others?

Please follow NewsGram on Instagram to get updates on the latest news

Further, will GOD “saves ones” who have not taken the preventive measures? Absolutely not. God has given a human being the “brain” in order to decide judiciously what to do and what not to do. God will never descend from heaven to save if we abuse ourselves. About 10 members from the Tablighi Jamaat have already died from Coronavirus. Is it not the loss of precious lives for which we should “mourn”? Is it not a loss for the nation as a whole?

India Tablighi
Due to the religious congregation, many new COVID-19 cases have been reported in India.

Many infected persons from the Jamaat are potentially likely to infect others healthy which might multiply progressively, some of them have already dispersed to their respective states started causing problems as already been reported from the states like Bihar and Gujarat. Some are attacking police personals by violating the lockdown. Is the fundamental teaching of all religions not for the well-being and wellness of each human being on the planet? One wonders why such godless acts are being encouraged, or tolerated! Is tolerating the forces with sinister motives not sin in itself?  Well, a very learned scholar and also the Governor of Kerala Arif Mohammad Khan described the non-cooperation of the certain Muslim community as a “crime against the nation and humanity.”

Please follow NewsGram on Twitter to get updates on the latest news

Here is another “shocker” published by Indian Today about a week back. An Infosys software engineer from Bangalore Mujeeb Mohammad appealed through his facebook by writing – “Let’s join hands, go out and sneeze with open mouth in public.

Also Read- Munish Raizada Films’ Debut Political Documentary- Transparency: Pardarshita, The Untold Series of IAC & AAP Released

Spread the virus.” How shall we describe this motive? What is in store for us in this 21st Century? Mind out, if such “insanity of hatred” is let to rear its ugly head, the sanity will certainly die a death. The virus of insanity could be more dangerous than Coronavirus. It will directly attack the very LUNGS and HEART of the Nation, and humanity at large.

An India-based writer and researcher, Salil Gewali is best known for his research-based work entitled Great minds on India which has earned worldwide appreciations. Translated into twelve languages, his book has been prefaced by a world-acclaimed NASA Chief scientist – Dr. Kamlesh Lulla of Houston, USA.

[ Disclaimer: The pictures used in the article are supplied by the author, NewsGram has no intention of infringing copyrights. ]