Sunday March 29, 2020

Here’s Why Vaping Can Make You More Prone To Inflammation and Infection

The predominance of these periodontal pathogens in the mouths of e-cigarette users and traditional smokers is a reflection of compromised periodontal health

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Vaping
While vaping has quickly grown in popularity in recent years, a growing number of people are falling ill or dying from vaping-related illnesses, the study said. Pixabay

Using e-cigarettes alters the mouth’s microbiome — the community of bacteria and other microorganisms — and makes users more prone to inflammation and infection, researchers have found.

While vaping has quickly grown in popularity in recent years, a growing number of people are falling ill or dying from vaping-related illnesses, the study said.

“Our study suggests that vaping electronic cigarettes causes shifts in the oral environment and highly influences the colonisation of complex microbial biofilms, which raises the risk for oral inflammation and infection,” said Indian-origin researcher and study co-author Deepak Saxena from the New York University in the US.

“Given the popularity of vaping, it is critical that we learn more about the effects of e-cigarette aerosols on the oral microbiome and host inflammatory responses in order to better understand the impact of vaping on human health,” said co-senior author Xin Li. For the study, published in the journal iScience, the research team examined e-cigarette vapour and its influence on the oral microbiome and immune health.

“The oral microbiome is of interest to us because research shows that changes in its microbial community as a result of environmental and host factors contribute to a range of health issues, including cavities, gum disease, halitosis, and medical conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancers,” Saxena said. They also evaluated how vaping influences infection efficiency of oral pathogens in cell lines using a novel e-cigarette aerosol generating machine and measured pro-inflammatory immune mediators.

Through oral exams and saliva samples, the researchers studied the oral microbiome of 119 human participants from three groups: e-cigarette users, regular cigarette smokers, and those who had never smoked. Gum disease or infection was significantly higher among cigarette smokers (72.5 per cent), followed by e-cigarette users (42.5 per cent) and non-smokers (28.2 per cent).

Using 16S rRNA high throughput sequencing, a technique used to profile microbial communities, the researchers observed different microorganisms in the saliva of e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and non-smokers. For instance, e-cigarette users had an abundance of Porphyromonas bacteria, while an increase in Veillonella bacteria was found in both e-cigarette and cigarette users.

Vaping
Using e-cigarettes alters the mouth’s microbiome — the community of bacteria and other microorganisms — and makes users more prone to inflammation and infection, researchers have found. Pixabay

“The predominance of these periodontal pathogens in the mouths of e-cigarette users and traditional smokers is a reflection of compromised periodontal health,” said Li.

The researchers also found that the altered microbiome in e-cigarette users influenced the local host immune environment compared to non-smokers and cigarette smokers. IL-6 and IL1ß — cytokines involved in inflammatory responses — were highly elevated in e-cigarette users. Cell studies also showed upregulation of IL-6 after exposure to e-cigarette aerosols, resulting in an elevated inflammatory response.

ALSO READ: India Has The Most Number of Spotify Users in 18-24 Years Age Group (Tech Report)

Moreover, e-cigarette aerosols made cells prone to bacterial infection, which points to a greater risk for infection in e-cigarette users, the study said. (IANS)

Next Story

All Private Hospitals and Doctors Should Lend their Helping Hands

It is the time when all “private” doctors, health clinics and nourishing homes should give serious thought towards helping the governments

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Doctors and elite hospitals should come forwards with their open hearts. Pixabay

SALIL GEWALI

If private medical professionals still choose to remain on lockdown at home 
then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.  

A friend in need is the friend indeed. But today one should change it a little bit to be more relevant by saying – “a doctor in need is a doctor indeed”. Because the doctors are our most wanted friends now. They are the ones who could save us from the Covid malady.

It is the time when all “private” doctors, health clinics and nourishing homes should give serious thought towards helping the governments in their respective countries by extending their voluntary services in every possible way.

doctors hospital
If private doctors and medical professionals still choose to remain on lockdown at home
then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.

All doctors and owners of “private” medical institutes should agree that this is the most “unprecedented” pandemic health crisis mankind has ever witnessed, at least in modern times. So, the “private health professionals” and elite hospitals should come forwards with their open hearts. In fact, is it not the medical fraternity who has seen life from the close proximity of the “death”? One’s materialistic possession, his high ambition and dream seems like  an illusion when deaths come knocking the door? Look at the increasing fatalities in Italy and Spain due to raging coronavirus infection. The USA is scrambling to get its medical equipment together. Is it not heart-wrenching! The government of Italy has screamed in tears pleading for help as it’s medical wherewithal is almost exhausted. What more — Prince Charles is in quarantine, so is now UK Prime Minister  Boris Johnson and his Health Secretary who tested positive for the deadly Corona-virus.

doctors hospital
Doctors in overalls stretch a patient under intensive care into the newly built Columbus Covid 2 temporary hospital to fight the new coronavirus infection.

This pandemic crisis is in fact an “alarm bell” tolled which should prompt us for a real introspection. The condition the world top countries are confronting should make us “convince” that our life is afloat on the bubble of “uncertainty”. Any moment our end can come. The life on this earth is no less than a temporary sojourn — the fact we can see and feel more clearly now than ever before.

doctors hospital
All doctors and owners of “private” medical institutes should agree that this is the most “unprecedented” pandemic health crisis mankind has ever witnessed.

So, one strongly believes that in these trying times all “private medical professionals” and proprietors of all nourishing homes and hospitals across the world should stand up to demonstrate their compassion towards the aggrieved humanity. They should open the doors of their hospitals and clinics for the treatment of the COVID patients without discrimination and with utmost urgency.   Needless to say, by all accounts, this is their moral obligation and the prime duty. However, if they still choose to remain on lockdown at home and keep silent then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.

Also Read- Can COVID-19 Test Results Arrive in Minutes? Scientists Answer This Question for You

A India-based writer and researcher, Salil Gewali is best known for his research-based work entitled ‘Great minds on India’ which has earned worldwide appreciations. Translated into twelve languages, his book has been prefaced by a world-acclaimed NASA Chief scientist – Dr. Kamlesh Lulla of Houston, USA 

[ Disclaimer: The pictures used in the article are supplied by the author, NewsGram has no intention of infringing copyrights. ]