Vaping May Impair Fertility And Pregnancy Outcomes In Young Women

Young and pregnant women are using vaping method as a safer alternative to smoking, but little is known about its effects on fertility

e-cigarette, vaping
In this April 11, 2018, photo, an unidentified 15-year-old high school student uses a vaping device near the school's campus in Cambridge, Mass. Health and education officials across the country are raising alarms over wide underage use of e-cigarettes and other vaping products. The devices heat liquid into an inhalable vapor that's sold in sugary flavors like mango and mint — and often with the addictive drug nicotine. VOA

Researchers have found that e-cigarette usage may impair fertility and pregnancy outcomes in young women. Many young and pregnant women are using vaping methods as a safer alternative to smoking, but little is known about its effects on fertility and pregnancy outcomes.

“We found that e-cigarette usage prior to conception significantly delayed implantation of a fertilized embryo to the uterus, thus delaying and reducing fertility (in mice),” said study author Kathleen Caron from the University of North Carolina.

women, vaping, fertility, health
Woman Vaping in nature with a cloud of vapor from her electronic cigarette. Wikimedia Commons

“We also discovered that e-cigarette usage throughout pregnancy changed the long-term health and metabolism of female offspring – imparting lifelong, second-generation effects on the growing foetus,” Caron added.

For the study published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society, the researchers used a mouse model to examine whether e-cigarette exposure impairs fertility and offspring health.

After exposure to e-cigarette vapour, female mice showed decreased embryo implantation and a significant delay in the onset of pregnancy.

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Female offspring exposed to e-cigarettes in utero also failed to gain as much weight as those of control mice.

“These findings are important because they change our views on the perceived safety of e-cigarettes as alternatives to traditional cigarettes before and during pregnancy,” Caron added.

E-cigarettes are driving increases in tobacco product use among youth, researchers noted. (IANS)

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