Saturday March 23, 2019

How weight loss surgery will decrease heart disease risk

A study conducted on 242 adolescents who were diagnosed with hearth risk factors at the baseline

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Bariatric surgery decreases heart disease risk. Pixabay
Bariatric surgery decreases heart disease risk. Pixabay

Obesity can result in heart disease risk, everyone is aware of it. However, these is new way to maintain the health of your heart. Weight loss surgery can decrease the risk of heart disease, a study says.

“This is the first large-scale analysis of predictors of change in cardiovascular disease risk factors among adolescents following bariatric surgery,” said Marc P Michalsky, Professor at the Ohio State University College in the US.

Also read: 4 Ways to Beat the Risk of Heart Attack in your 30s

Findings

Three years after surgery, teens who underwent a gastric bypass had a 27 percent drop in their BMI, similar to the 26 percent drop in those who had the sleeve gastrectomy. Pixabay
Three years after surgery, teens who underwent a gastric bypass had a 27 percent drop in their BMI, similar to the 26 percent drop in those who had the sleeve gastrectomy. Pixabay
  • Bariatric or weight-loss surgery performed during adolescence may provide unique benefits.
  • It minimizes the development and progression of impaired glucose metabolism, atherosclerosis heart failure and stroke.
  • Prior to the bariatric surgery, 33% of the participants had three or more defined cardiovascular disease risk factors.
  • Three years post-surgery, only 5% of the study participants had three or more risk factors; representing significant reduction in the overall likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease later in life.
  • Not only weight loss, the surgery also reduced dyslipidemia risk among teenager — a condition marked by an abnormally increased level of cholesterol in the blood, when compared to the older people.

Methodology

  • The study was conducted on 242 adolescents who were diagnosed with hearth risk factors at the baseline.
  • Among 242 participants of the study, 161 underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure, 67 of them underwent a vertical sleeve gastrectomy and 14, adjustable gastric banding.
  • The authors collected data from five participating medical centers for their observational study, and decisions about procedures depended on each center’s clinical practices.
  • The participants had a BMI between 34 to 88 when the study began. A BMI over 25 is considered overweight; over 30 is obese.

You may also like: Worried About Your Heart’s Health? Make These 5 Spices a Part of Your Diet and See the Benefits Yourself!

The study was conducted on 242 adolescents who were diagnosed with hearth risk factors at the baseline. Pixabay
The study was conducted on 242 adolescents who were diagnosed with hearth risk factors at the baseline. Pixabay

Conclusion

  • The obesity classification with the highest risks of health problems is a BMI of 40 or higher. Three years after surgery, teens who underwent a gastric bypass had a 27 percent drop in their BMI, similar to the 26 percent drop in those who had the sleeve gastrectomy. Those with the gastric band had an 8 percent drop in BMI.

“The study demonstrated early improvement and reduction of cardio-metabolic risk factors, offering compelling support for bariatric surgery in adolescents,” Michalsky added.

The study was published in the online journal Pediatrics. (IANS)

Next Story

Research Suggest Yo-yo Dieting Can Raise Women’s Heart Disease Risk

The more episodes of weight cycling women reported, the poorer they scored on 'Life's Simple 7', according to the researchers

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Heart Disease
Even low exposure to arsenic, lead may up heart disease risk. Pixabay

Yo-yo dieting — weight cycling, or the cyclical loss and gain of weight — can make it harder for women to control a variety of heart disease risk factors, according to a research.

The study found in case of women losing at least 10 pounds and regaining the weight within a year could be detrimental to heart heath.

Besides achieving a healthy weight, maintaining a consistent body weight is important for lowering heart disease risks.

Earlier research showed similar results in men, with those who weight-cycled having twice the risk of cardiovascular death in middle age.

“Achieving a healthy weight is generally recommended as heart healthy but maintaining weight loss is difficult and fluctuations in weight may make it harder to achieve ideal cardiovascular health,” said Brooke Aggarwal, Assistant Professor at Columbia University in New York.

The results were presented at the American Heart Association’s EPI Lifestyle Scientific Sessions 2019 in Texas.

Many menopausal symptoms that you may aren't aware of can cause much harm to you.
Yo-yo dieting may raise women’s heart disease risk.

For the study, the team examined 485 women (average age 37 years, average body mass index 26, in the overweight range).

Women reported how many times (other than during pregnancies) they had lost at least 10 pounds, only to regain the weight within a year.

Most women (73 per cent) reported at least one episode of yo-yo weight loss, with a range of zero to 20 episodes.

Also Read- Gene Triggering Antibiotic Reaction Risk Identified, Says Study

They were assessed on American Heart Association’s ‘Life’s Simple 7’ — a measure of how well people control major heart disease risk factors, including body mass index, cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, smoking, physical activity and diet.

The more episodes of weight cycling women reported, the poorer they scored on ‘Life’s Simple 7’, according to the researchers. (IANS)