Urine test is that test which checks level of glucose, protein, blood and bacteria. If the test
result is not normal, it may suggest diabetes, bladder or kidney infection or a problem like
preeclampsia. But, all these conditions may be treated. This test will however never tell you anything about the health of the baby. As the name suggests, urine is collected to carry out the test. A series of checks are made on the pee of the person to detect the medical condition. It is prescribed by a doctor only when he suspects some kind of medical condition. Uric acid test is unlike urinalysis where the blood is collected to detect the percentage of uric acid in the blood. Urinalysis may form the part of usual checkups. If the test is done at the earliest, diseases like liver disease, kidney disease or diabetes may be detected sooner. This test is also needed when you are going to have surgery soon. Then, it may also form the part of pregnancy analysis.
When will the doctor prescribe you urine test?
To detect problem in the urinary tract or kidney, the doctor prescribes you UA. When you show up symptoms like pain at the back, pain in the belly, frequent peeing, blood in the urine, the doctor will ask to do the test. Anyone having kidney disease needs to undergo this test on a regular basis. The test report can say a lot about how far the treatment is working or fairing.
How is the UA done?
Urinalysis is done in three different levels. The lab professional can perform visual examination whereby he sees the clarity and color of the urine. If there is any trace of blood, the color will be dark brown or red. To show that there is kidney disease, the urine might have foam. Cloudy urine suggests any infection. The lab professional carries out microscopic examination of the urine to detect any such sign. What shouldn’t be there in the urine under the microscope are Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Crystals and Bacteria. Then, the third level of test on urine is done with the use of chemical-treated thin plastic strip. The chemical in the plastic strip reacts with the urine to change its color. If there is change in color of the urine or if the stick reacts to the urine, it implies acidic urine suggesting kidney ailment. Any of the following occurrences is the sign of disease:
When protein is found to be more, it implies that kidneys are not efficient. The function
of kidney is to eliminate waste from the body. Higher protein suggests kidney is not
high sugar content suggests diabetes
White blood cell is the symptom of some infection
Red Blood Cells in the urine means some sort of illness or infection
Bilirubin in the urine implies that liver is not functioning efficiently
So, you can understand how many things urinalysis can speak about your health. CBC test and UA may be prescribed together. Complete Blood Count test is done to count RBC, WBC, Platelets and Plasma in the blood.