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With Supreme Court quashing NJAC, battle between judiciary and executive resumes

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By Harshmeet Singh

The Supreme Court’s decision declaring the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) as ‘unconstitutional’ drew contrasting reactions from different corners. While the telecom minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad termed it as ‘an attack on the Parliament’s sovereignty’, senior SC lawyer Ram Jethmalani hailed the judgment, calling it a ‘great success for the Indian Democracy’.

Ever since the idea of NJAC was floated, the judiciary seemed averse to the thought of giving away its prerogative of appointing judges to the High Courts and the Supreme Court. Until now, the appointment of judges was done by the Collegium system. Under this system, a collegium consisting of the Chief Justice of India and the 4 senior most judges of the Supreme Court recommended the transfer and appointment of the judges. This system came into being as a result of the famous ‘Three Judges Case’ of 1998. In the recent years, the collegium system has come under heavy criticism with judges being accused of abusing their power, nepotism and giving birth to a ‘give & take’ culture. Also, this collegium system doesn’t find any mention in the constitution. The article 124 of the constitution says that ‘the President should appoint Supreme Court judges after consultation with such judges of High Courts and the Supreme Court as he/she may deem necessary. The Chief Justice of India is to be consulted in all appointments barring his/her own.’

The proposed NJAC was to be comprised of the Chief Justice, two senior most judges of the SC, the Union Law Minister and two eminent personalities, thereby taking away Judiciary’s exclusive right to appoint judges. Many experts termed Government’s plans of introducing the NJAC as an attempt to take away the independence of the judiciary, which is the 3rd pillar of our democracy. Interestingly, the NJAC bill turned out to be one of the very few bills which got multi party support at the centre as well as in the states.

This isn’t the first time when the NDA government tried to alter the collegium system. When Atal Bihari Vajpayee was at the helm, the NDA government set up the Justice MN Ventakachaliah commission to study if the current system of appointment of judges needed any changes. The Commission recommended the formation of NJAC which was almost similar to the current form of NJAC, but it couldn’t materialize then.

Though the collegium system seems far from perfect, SC’s concerns over involvement of politicians in the appointment of judges are completely justified. The appointment of Justice AN Ray as the Chief Justice of India, superseding 3 senior judges, at the behest of Indira Gandhi is still considered as one of the darkest chapters in the history of Indian Judicial system. With the judiciary being given the power of ‘judicial review’ by the constitution to keep a check on the Parliament’s law making prerogative, parliament’s control over the judges would destroy the delicate balance between the two arms of Indian democracy.

While the SC completely dismissed the constitutional validity of the NJAC, it humbly accepted that the collegium system can be made better and asked for further discussions on the same. Let us hope that a common ground is found between the two parties with none considering it as a matter of personal pride!

 

The author is a Freelance writer. This article was written exclusively for NewsGram.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    READERS IN GENERAL KNOW THAT Decisions are taken at various levels, in all spheres of our lives. “Judiciary” is left to take wise precarious sensitive decisions on issues of the common people, IF in the real interest of the people of the country, with national interest. It is all, in the way we all look at, since applies to personalities with related relevant subjective knowledge. Every knowledge is superior in its relevant place, which should not be forgotten, the subject and time of its occurrence. It is our vision and thoughtful-mind that makes it, of the variations in varying perceptions of each personalities. While considering the subject of LAW and Justice, proximity, vicinity and concern to our people with a broader perspective on humanity, we also come to know that “The UK does not have a constitution per se, certainly not in the same way that the US or Germany does. Instead we have a series of rules and guidelines, powers and laws which govern how the country is run and where power lies. This area of law, primarily to make sure that ‘power is not abused’ and that it is used in an appropriate manner. Someone has to keep a check on the government, to the changing times and that is where this area of LAW steps up to the plate. Constitutional or Administrative Law is arguably the most important in existence; without it there could be no other laws and the state would not be able to function. It
    holds our country together. Practising administrative or constitutional law means you will either be employed by the state in the Government Legal Service (GLS), or in a private practice. Incidentally, the GLS is the largest employer of lawyers in the UK. As a honest, qualified and enlightened lawyer, if to serve efficiently to his/her best should keep abreast with the updates, with the changing situations, managerially, technologically as well, in the surroundings and working professional arena. to ensure that our government bodies and agencies are acting in the public interest. Therefore, the need for working alongside the NHS, your local council or the police. Sometimes the state does not follow the interests of the public, or works in contra-vention of its obligations under national and international law. For example, if a local councillor has ten parking permits and gives them all to their friends and family for no other reason than because they are related to them, then this is clearly unfair and
    administrative law can be applied to make sure they does not abuse their position.

    Similarly, if the police torture, whilst in custody, then there will have been a breach of
    the European Convention of Human Rights (Art. 3) and your action against the
    state will be pursued through this constitutional or administrative law. Hence, the Constitutional
    and Administrative law is a stimulating and exciting option, which one has to consider, IF implemented, unbiased, in the right good spirit. WHILE there are crying needs of the people for years and decades in INDIA, going neglected with discrimination, not valuing the precious TIME of the People’s limited life-span, after 68 years of Indian Independence, all owing to “JUDGES SELECTING THEIR OWN JUDGES” without considering on their true credibility. BETTER JUDICIARY MUST FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Any learned and enlightened person need to know as to what he is doing, more particularly while in public services, more to be in duty-consciousness, when came forward to serve all the people alike unbiased. Hence, he or she in PUBLIC SERVICES ought to be committed , accountable and responsible OR-ELSE he/she should quit the public chair of authority, which the “People’s Government” should ensure to the common people. IMAGE OF THE JUDICIARY ” Known as the face of Justice, DETERIORATING, IN THE PUBLIC EYES ON ACCOUNT OF THEY NOT LOOKING BACK SERIOUSLY, DESPITE FEEDBACKS IN PUBLIC DOMAIN IN THE GOOD SPIRIT OF SERVICE TO THE PEOPLE, IN QUALITY OF PUBLIC SERVICES RENDERED, OWING TO, UN-MONITORED CONDITION IN REALITY, TO THE PEOPLES WELFARE, AS “ PUBLIC SERVICES ” BUT INSTEAD, AGGRAVATING ONE JUDGE PRONOUNCEMENTS with ill-conceived knowledge without a holistic view which jeopardises the productivity and economy of the country holding up active working youths by the Mobile Courts (for Non Helmet wearing instead prioritising action on the erring speedster and drunken driving)OF PUBLIC ORDER FROM H.C. instead of a collective DIRECTIVE from SC or HC. View also many Administrative Lapses, going uncorrected for e.g. during this innovative age. The lawyers and advocates are the face and mirror of the litigants ‘ Case Status’, for Litigant’ s grievances. Litigants pay their respect or curse, for their attitude and services not when goes hand in gloves with their counterpart and cause damage to their clients case. Duty, Dignity and discipline be in place, in respecting the sacred Courts. The present day lawyers and advocates need to be more knowledgeable, than before with the flooding and explosion of valuable Information. Be well disciplined, during this innovative age and put forth professional challenges of competence, thereby competent Judges be in practice as well, maintaining the decency and decorum, of the office in Court, being held very high in human society. They should learn to command respect in the most dignified manner, caution before pronouncing judgement and or for public instructions, as single Judge, than hurting the sentiments of the individual litigants/public, having fear and love to God the almighty irrespective of religion, one above all, the creator of all. This will boost/enhance the due high respect for the JUDGES in Toto of JUDICIAL CLASS and the image of the judiciary in the eyes of the public.

    Peechulli Krishnan Chandran, General Secretary, Chennai Society For Fast Justice.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Calls for structural integrity in our Armed Forces Tribunal, under so-called Indian Judiciary. Qualified Lawyers representing from JAG Dept. (rank of Capt. or Major) has no say(voice) when the Admn.Bench Member(Lt.Gen by rank) *though not a qualified lawyer dismisses the case out of EGO and ARROGANCE. This is the state of Judiciary after 68 years of Indian Independence. Neglection of discharge by a constituted Indian Army Medical Board belonging to the Government of India. Soldiers are therefore looked down upon by such high-ranking officers, placed with political influence, not on their suitability, but at random, leaving the soldiers at their mercy. Ill conceived Judges are therefore being judged for their unfairness and poor standards of professional competence, hence the litigants live with silent deaths of injustice.
    The need to follow “Code of Professional Ethics” applies to all professionals alike, to maintain the decency and decorum of office held. Why be scared of watch-dog when we do things right to our conscience and fear of the almighty god. No human has fallen from the sky. To err is human.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Judicial process should not be used to harass litigants: HC – The Economic Times
    economictimes.indiatimes.com
    NOT BY JUST WORDS BUT IN ACTION FOR THE JUDICIARY TO BE RESPECTED BY THE ENTIRE COMMUN ITY OF INDIA. PLEASE GIVE JUSTICE TO WP2989/14 FOLLOWING THE UNFAIR DISMISSAL IN ARMED FORCES TRIBUNAL, CHENNAI BENCH. Attitude of JUDGES, also matters to command respect from good HUMANS. PLEASE commit and participate for National Building.
    General Secretary, Chennai Society for Fast Justice (Regd.).

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    The JAG Officer, on representation in courts and tribunals, needs to feel the pulse of the aggrieved litigant soldier, by understanding the realities ie. the pulse of the aggrieved soldier and be fair enough to CARE with human touch and not be carried away by rank of the presiding officer or the honourable bench members of he tribunal by their Ego or arrogance BUT to instil fair and fast justice.
    The Courts are made for the people at large and for the redressal of their disputes. It is also expected that the justice delivery system should be easily accessible to the citizens and justice should be delivered at the lowest possible cost. Therefore, the easy access, cheaper justice system and speedy decision are the best factors of any judicial system from the view point of the citizen”.2009 (4) Mh. L.J. 242. A single dishonest judge not only dishonors’ himself and disgraces his office but jeopardizes the integrity of the entire judicial system ” (Supreme Court of India). ”
    Judiciary is respected not on account of its power to legalize injustice on technical grounds, but because it is capable of removing injustice and is expected to do so.” A.I.R. 1987 SC 1353. Where rule of law is strong, people uphold the law not out of fear but because they have a stake in its effectiveness”.
    Dr.Chandran Peechulli, Ph.D., F.I.E.(India), C.Eng., LLB., PgDLL., LL.M., **** Speciaised in Labour, Industrial Relations and Administrative Law. General Secretary, Chennai Society for Fast Justice. Registered.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Hence, one cannot digest “Judicial-Power” – be said as “Judge as God” but expected to be a Divine Structure.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    READERS IN GENERAL KNOW THAT Decisions are taken at various levels, in all spheres of our lives. “Judiciary” is left to take wise precarious sensitive decisions on issues of the common people, IF in the real interest of the people of the country, with national interest. It is all, in the way we all look at, since applies to personalities with related relevant subjective knowledge. Every knowledge is superior in its relevant place, which should not be forgotten, the subject and time of its occurrence. It is our vision and thoughtful-mind that makes it, of the variations in varying perceptions of each personalities. While considering the subject of LAW and Justice, proximity, vicinity and concern to our people with a broader perspective on humanity, we also come to know that “The UK does not have a constitution per se, certainly not in the same way that the US or Germany does. Instead we have a series of rules and guidelines, powers and laws which govern how the country is run and where power lies. This area of law, primarily to make sure that ‘power is not abused’ and that it is used in an appropriate manner. Someone has to keep a check on the government, to the changing times and that is where this area of LAW steps up to the plate. Constitutional or Administrative Law is arguably the most important in existence; without it there could be no other laws and the state would not be able to function. It
    holds our country together. Practising administrative or constitutional law means you will either be employed by the state in the Government Legal Service (GLS), or in a private practice. Incidentally, the GLS is the largest employer of lawyers in the UK. As a honest, qualified and enlightened lawyer, if to serve efficiently to his/her best should keep abreast with the updates, with the changing situations, managerially, technologically as well, in the surroundings and working professional arena. to ensure that our government bodies and agencies are acting in the public interest. Therefore, the need for working alongside the NHS, your local council or the police. Sometimes the state does not follow the interests of the public, or works in contra-vention of its obligations under national and international law. For example, if a local councillor has ten parking permits and gives them all to their friends and family for no other reason than because they are related to them, then this is clearly unfair and
    administrative law can be applied to make sure they does not abuse their position.

    Similarly, if the police torture, whilst in custody, then there will have been a breach of
    the European Convention of Human Rights (Art. 3) and your action against the
    state will be pursued through this constitutional or administrative law. Hence, the Constitutional
    and Administrative law is a stimulating and exciting option, which one has to consider, IF implemented, unbiased, in the right good spirit. WHILE there are crying needs of the people for years and decades in INDIA, going neglected with discrimination, not valuing the precious TIME of the People’s limited life-span, after 68 years of Indian Independence, all owing to “JUDGES SELECTING THEIR OWN JUDGES” without considering on their true credibility. BETTER JUDICIARY MUST FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Any learned and enlightened person need to know as to what he is doing, more particularly while in public services, more to be in duty-consciousness, when came forward to serve all the people alike unbiased. Hence, he or she in PUBLIC SERVICES ought to be committed , accountable and responsible OR-ELSE he/she should quit the public chair of authority, which the “People’s Government” should ensure to the common people. IMAGE OF THE JUDICIARY ” Known as the face of Justice, DETERIORATING, IN THE PUBLIC EYES ON ACCOUNT OF THEY NOT LOOKING BACK SERIOUSLY, DESPITE FEEDBACKS IN PUBLIC DOMAIN IN THE GOOD SPIRIT OF SERVICE TO THE PEOPLE, IN QUALITY OF PUBLIC SERVICES RENDERED, OWING TO, UN-MONITORED CONDITION IN REALITY, TO THE PEOPLES WELFARE, AS “ PUBLIC SERVICES ” BUT INSTEAD, AGGRAVATING ONE JUDGE PRONOUNCEMENTS with ill-conceived knowledge without a holistic view which jeopardises the productivity and economy of the country holding up active working youths by the Mobile Courts (for Non Helmet wearing instead prioritising action on the erring speedster and drunken driving)OF PUBLIC ORDER FROM H.C. instead of a collective DIRECTIVE from SC or HC. View also many Administrative Lapses, going uncorrected for e.g. during this innovative age. The lawyers and advocates are the face and mirror of the litigants ‘ Case Status’, for Litigant’ s grievances. Litigants pay their respect or curse, for their attitude and services not when goes hand in gloves with their counterpart and cause damage to their clients case. Duty, Dignity and discipline be in place, in respecting the sacred Courts. The present day lawyers and advocates need to be more knowledgeable, than before with the flooding and explosion of valuable Information. Be well disciplined, during this innovative age and put forth professional challenges of competence, thereby competent Judges be in practice as well, maintaining the decency and decorum, of the office in Court, being held very high in human society. They should learn to command respect in the most dignified manner, caution before pronouncing judgement and or for public instructions, as single Judge, than hurting the sentiments of the individual litigants/public, having fear and love to God the almighty irrespective of religion, one above all, the creator of all. This will boost/enhance the due high respect for the JUDGES in Toto of JUDICIAL CLASS and the image of the judiciary in the eyes of the public.

    Peechulli Krishnan Chandran, General Secretary, Chennai Society For Fast Justice.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Calls for structural integrity in our Armed Forces Tribunal, under so-called Indian Judiciary. Qualified Lawyers representing from JAG Dept. (rank of Capt. or Major) has no say(voice) when the Admn.Bench Member(Lt.Gen by rank) *though not a qualified lawyer dismisses the case out of EGO and ARROGANCE. This is the state of Judiciary after 68 years of Indian Independence. Neglection of discharge by a constituted Indian Army Medical Board belonging to the Government of India. Soldiers are therefore looked down upon by such high-ranking officers, placed with political influence, not on their suitability, but at random, leaving the soldiers at their mercy. Ill conceived Judges are therefore being judged for their unfairness and poor standards of professional competence, hence the litigants live with silent deaths of injustice.
    The need to follow “Code of Professional Ethics” applies to all professionals alike, to maintain the decency and decorum of office held. Why be scared of watch-dog when we do things right to our conscience and fear of the almighty god. No human has fallen from the sky. To err is human.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Judicial process should not be used to harass litigants: HC – The Economic Times
    economictimes.indiatimes.com
    NOT BY JUST WORDS BUT IN ACTION FOR THE JUDICIARY TO BE RESPECTED BY THE ENTIRE COMMUN ITY OF INDIA. PLEASE GIVE JUSTICE TO WP2989/14 FOLLOWING THE UNFAIR DISMISSAL IN ARMED FORCES TRIBUNAL, CHENNAI BENCH. Attitude of JUDGES, also matters to command respect from good HUMANS. PLEASE commit and participate for National Building.
    General Secretary, Chennai Society for Fast Justice (Regd.).

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    The JAG Officer, on representation in courts and tribunals, needs to feel the pulse of the aggrieved litigant soldier, by understanding the realities ie. the pulse of the aggrieved soldier and be fair enough to CARE with human touch and not be carried away by rank of the presiding officer or the honourable bench members of he tribunal by their Ego or arrogance BUT to instil fair and fast justice.
    The Courts are made for the people at large and for the redressal of their disputes. It is also expected that the justice delivery system should be easily accessible to the citizens and justice should be delivered at the lowest possible cost. Therefore, the easy access, cheaper justice system and speedy decision are the best factors of any judicial system from the view point of the citizen”.2009 (4) Mh. L.J. 242. A single dishonest judge not only dishonors’ himself and disgraces his office but jeopardizes the integrity of the entire judicial system ” (Supreme Court of India). ”
    Judiciary is respected not on account of its power to legalize injustice on technical grounds, but because it is capable of removing injustice and is expected to do so.” A.I.R. 1987 SC 1353. Where rule of law is strong, people uphold the law not out of fear but because they have a stake in its effectiveness”.
    Dr.Chandran Peechulli, Ph.D., F.I.E.(India), C.Eng., LLB., PgDLL., LL.M., **** Speciaised in Labour, Industrial Relations and Administrative Law. General Secretary, Chennai Society for Fast Justice. Registered.

  • Chandran Krishnan Peechulli

    Hence, one cannot digest “Judicial-Power” – be said as “Judge as God” but expected to be a Divine Structure.

Next Story

US Restricts Visas for Cambodians ‘Undermining Democracy’

As a response to anti-democratic actions, Trump administration restrict VISA for Cambodians

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Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen attends a ceremony at the Angkor Wat temple to pray for peace and stability in Cambodia, Dec. 3, 2017.

The Trump administration announced Wednesday it will restrict visas for Cambodians “undermining democracy” in the Southeast Asian nation following the dissolution of the main opposition party and a crackdown on independent media.

The State Department said it was a direct response to “anti-democratic actions” by the Cambodian government but did not disclose which individuals would be affected. It said visa records are confidential under U.S. law.

Spokeswoman Heather Nauert called on the Cambodian government to reinstate the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, which was dissolved by Supreme Court order last month, and free its leader Kem Sokha, imprisoned since September. She also urged Cambodia to allow civil society and media to operate freely.

Prime Minister Hun Sen, who has held power for more than three decades, has sought to neutralize political opponents and silence critics ahead of national elections next year. Kem Sokha has been charged with trying to topple the government with U.S. support, which Washington has said is a baseless accusation.

Supporters of Kem Sokha, leader of the Cambodia National Rescue Party, stand outside the Appeal Court during a bail hearing for the jailed opposition leader in Phnom Penh, Cambodia Sept. 26, 2017.

Nauert said Cambodia’s actions run counter to the Paris Peace Agreements of 1991. The United States and 18 other governments signed the accords, which ushered in democracy after the genocidal rule of the Khmer Rouge regime in the late 1970s, then occupation by Vietnam and civil war.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson will restrict entry into the United States of “those individuals involved in undermining democracy in Cambodia,” Nauert said in a statement, adding that in certain circumstances, family members of those individuals will also be subject to visa restrictions. The department cited a provision of U.S. immigration law under which individuals can be denied entry if the secretary determines it would have “adverse foreign policy consequences.”

The White House has already terminated U.S. support of Cambodia’s national election committee, saying last month that the July 2018 vote “will not be legitimate, free or fair.”

“We will continue to monitor the situation and take additional steps as necessary, while maintaining our close and enduring ties with the people of Cambodia,” Nauert said.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson delivers remarks during a press availability at NATO in Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 6, 2017.

​Monovithya Kem, an opposition spokeswoman currently in the U.S., welcomed the visa restrictions and called for targeted financial sanctions on senior officials in Hun Sen’s government. Kem, who is the daughter of Kem Sokha, urged the U.S., Japan, Australia and the European Union to coordinate responses to the “crisis” in Cambodia and help win her father’s freedom.

Like many prominent opposition figures, Kem has fled Cambodia as she fears arrest.

Hun Sen has been in office since 1985 and has held a tight grip on power since ousting a co-prime minister in a bloody 1997 coup.

In recent months, the government has intensified restrictions on civil society groups and independent media outlets. In September, it shut down the English-language Cambodia Daily. Authorities have shuttered radio stations that aired programming from U.S.-funded Radio Free Asia and Voice of America, whose reports they allege are biased.

The government also expelled the U.S. National Democratic Institute, which helped train political parties and election monitors, accusing it of colluding with its opponents.

Hun Sen has moved Cambodia closer to China in recent years and become increasingly critical of Washington. However, he’s been complimentary of President Donald Trump.

Speaking at Asian leaders’ summit attended by Trump last month, Hun Sen praised the U.S. leader for non-interference in affairs of other nations, but complained the U.S. Embassy in Cambodia was not adhering to the policy. (VOA)

Next Story

Love Jihad Case : Kerala’s State Women Commission Directs SP to submit report on Hadiya’s Condition

24 year old Akhila had converted to Islam and taken the name Hadiya to marry Shafin Jahan.  However, their marriage was declared null and void by the High Court of Kerala

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Office of Kerala Women Comission
Office of Kerala Women Comission. Official Website KWC

Kerala, October 28, 2017 : A day after a video of Hadiya pleading to be ‘saved’ from her father’s brutalities was released, Kerala’s State Women Commission has directed Kottayam Superintendent of Police to inquire and submit a report on Hadiya’s present conditions.

In the video release at a press conference in Kochi by social activist Rahul Eashwar, Hadiya can be heard saying, “You have to get me out. I am sure I will be killed tomorrow or the day after.” Hadiya claims that her father is physically assaulting her and pleads to be saved in the video before her voice trails away.

The direction came following reports that Hadiya is being sedated and physically abused at her parents’ house.

The State Women Commission has told the SP that an officer not less than the rank of a DSP should conduct the inquiry and submit a report on the condition of the 24-year old woman in love jihad case.

24 year old Akhila had converted to Islam and taken the name Hadiya to marry Shafin Jahan.  Their marriage was declared null and void by the High Court of Kerala after Hadiya’s father Ashokan has approached the court, claiming that his daughter had been forcefully converted and her alleged husband was involved in plans to take her out of the country for questionable reasons.

Consequently, Hadiya’s husband Shafin Jahan had approached the Supreme Court and challenged the order by the High Court of Kerala, which is still hearing the case.

– prepared by Soha Kala of NewsGram. Twitter @SohaKala

Next Story

Gorkhaland: SC allows withdrawl of Central Forces from Darjeeling

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The Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India. Wikimedia

New Delhi, October 27: The Supreme Court on Friday allowed the Centre to withdraw seven companies of central paramilitary forces from trouble-torn Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts of West Bengal where the agitation for Gorkhaland, a separate state for Gorkhas took a violent turn.

A bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A.M. Khanwilkar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud directed the Centre to withdraw the seven companies of Central Armed Paramilitary Forces (CAPF) for being used for election duties in Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat.

The bench also sought a response from the West Bengal government on the Centre’s appeal against the High Court’s order putting on hold its decision to withdraw 10 of the 15 companies of the central paramilitary forces deployed in the hill district.

The apex court also stayed the pending proceedings before the High Court and said that it will deal with the case in a holistic manner and posted the appeal of the Centre for further hearing on November 27.

In an interim order, the High Court had stayed the withdrawal of CAPF from the Darjeeling hills till October 27 after the state government approached it against the Centre’s decision.(IANS)