Tuesday March 31, 2020
Home Lead Story Every Woman S...

Every Woman Should Know About These Contraceptive Measures

Here 5 contraceptives and protective devices every woman know about

0
//
Women contraceptive
Modern women can resort to many methods of contraceptive measures. Pixabay

Modern women can resort to many methods of contraceptive measures but most commonly used are oral contraceptives pills, intrauterine devices, vaginal ring, condom, contraceptives injection and contraceptive implant.

Anita Gupta, Senior Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fortis La Femme, New Delhi explains in detail about the safest options.

Oral contraceptive pills are of many types, all containing hormones as a part of formulation. Most effective are the pills with low dose hormones. The low dose ensures less side effects and the combination of hormones ensures regular menses and less chances of inter menstrual irregular bleeding or spotting per vaginum. These pills can be taken for A considerable period of time. But it is better to start these after visiting a gynaecologist. One caution! Smoking and oral contraceptives pills is a very bad combination!!

Women contraceptive
Oral contraceptive pills are of many types, all containing hormones as a part of formulation. Pixabay

The safer contraceptive with very less failure rate are the various intra uterine devices. There are two types of these devices; copper and hormonal. These have to be inserted in the uterus by a gynaecologist as an OPD procedure. Of these, the hormonal ones are better, available by the name of Mirena which can be used for five years and then replaced with a new one. The copper devices are of two types which have to be replaced after every three or five years depending on the one used.

Women contraceptive
Condoms are one of the most used contraceptive devices. Pixabay

Then there is hormone-loaded rings which are placed in the vagina every month and the lady can insert it on her own every time. This is also a safe contraceptive method with less failure rate. Only issue is using a new one every month.

Injectable contraceptives are also available with an efficacy of three months. This is also a very effective method but sometimes there is a side effect leading to irregular bleeding in those three months.

Also Read- Here are 5 Immune-Boosting Nutrients You Need to Consume

Very commonly used method is the barrier method where the male partner uses condoms. But this has the highest failure rate. (IANS)

Next Story

Food Options that Can Boost Serotonin Levels in Your Body

Eat your way to boost the 'Happy' hormones

0
Serotonin happy
If one is in a stressed situation then, serotonin levels go down and lead to depressive behaviours that is why you should try out these superfoods to boost the 'happy' hormones. Pixabay

BY PUJA GUPTA

In modern world, it is inevitable to escape mental and emotional stress. Busy lifestyle, workload, family or financial issues, inactivity and poor eating habits induce a lot of stress which may further lead to lifestyle-related diseases. So, there is a great need to maintain mental peace and by making small changes in diet can have a huge impact on your mood. “Happy hormone” or “serotonin’ is a neurotransmitter that plays an important role in many biological processes and in regulation your good mood as well.

If one is in a stressed situation then, serotonin levels go down and lead to symptoms like anxiety, aggression, impulsive behaviour, digestive issues, decreased appetite or craving to indulge into sweet or refined carbohydrate-rich foods.

Serotonin happy
Berries are rich in flavonoids that can help improve mood by supporting the production of serotonin and dopamine. Pixabay

Aman Puri, CEO and Founder, Steadfast Nutrition, suggests certain food options that can help boost serotonin levels.

Berries: Berries are rich in flavonoids, a type of antioxidants, which helps improve brain activity and uplift mood.

Avocado: Being a good source of vitamin B-6, folate and magnesium and unsaturated or “good fat” that helps improve mood by supporting the production of serotonin and dopamine.

Walnuts: Walnuts are a rich source of omega-3 fats, one of the major nutrients required for the proper functioning of the brain. DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) in walnuts helps make several types of serotonin receptors that play a key role in the serotonin pathway.

Dark Chocolate: Chocolate has a phenolic component called phenethylamine that has the potential to reduce stress, anxiety and elevate mood.

Green Tea: Green tea is a good source of catecholamines (antioxidant),that helps to elevate mood. Matcha green tea is particularly rich in amino acid L-theanine, which may also provide a soothing effect.

Serotonin happy
Chocolate has a phenolic component called phenethylamine that can help reduce stress and increase the production of serotonin in your body. Pixabay

Probiotics: Probiotics are the good gut bacteria, that are involved in the production of serotonin, dopamine and GABA involved in enhancing good mood.

Complex carbohydrates: Certain complex carbs like quinoa, oats or whole grains offer good amount of fibre, B vitamins, magnesium, and certain amino acids, particularly tryptophan which helps in ‘happy’ hormones production.

Citrus fruits: Citrus fruits like oranges or lemons have an appealing fresh fragrance and taste, which in turn might be fruitful for mood elevation.

Fatty fish or fish oil: Including fatty fish such as sardines, salmon, tuna in diet can help improve omega 3 fatty acids or else fish oil supplements are rich in omega 3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA particularly that help in a better release of hormones.

Also Read- Fighting the Common Enemy: Coronavirus

In a nutshell, eating a wholesome diet and including specific foods such as omega 3 fatty acids, probiotics, whole grains, citrus fruits, antioxidant-rich fruits, herbal teas may help support production and release of serotonin to make you feel happy and good.  (IANS)