Women who Exercise Vigorously Face Lower Mortality Risk, Says New Study

"The best situation is to have normal heart performance during exercise and good exercise capacity," Peteiro added

Regular exercise is highly beneficial for all patients with Heart disease regardless of age, a new study has said, adding that patients who benefited most from cardiac rehabilitation were those who started out with the greatest physical impairment. Pixabay

Women who exercise vigorously are at significantly lower risk of dying from heart disease, cancer and other causes, reveals a new study.

The study, presented at EuroEcho 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), examined exercise capacity and heart function during exercise in women and their links with survival.

The study included over 4,000 adult women referred for treadmill exercise echocardiography because of known or suspected coronary artery disease.

“Exercise as much as you can. Fitness protects against death from any cause,” said study author Jesus Peteiro from University Hospital A Coruna in Spain.

For the findings, participants walked or ran on a treadmill, gradually increasing the intensity, and continuing until exhaustion.

Images of the heart were generated during the test. Fitness was defined as a maximal workload of 10 metabolic equivalents (METs), which is equal to walking fast up four flights of stairs or very fast up three flights, without stopping.

Women who achieved 10 METs or more (good exercise capacity) were compared to those achieving less than 10 METs (poor exercise capacity).

During a median follow-up of 4.6 years there were 345 cardiovascular deaths, 164 cancer deaths, and 203 deaths from other causes.

After adjusting for factors that could influence the relationship, METs were significantly associated with lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other causes.

long sitting hours, prolonged sitting, damage, exercise, treatment
Regular jogging was found to be the best type of exercise. Pixabay

The annual rate of death from cardiovascular disease was nearly four times higher in women with poor, compared to good, exercise capacity (2.2 per cent versus 0.6 per cent).

Annual cancer deaths were doubled in patients with poor, compared to good, exercise capacity (0.9 per cent versus 0.4 per cent).

The annual rate of death from other causes was more than four times higher in those with poor, compared to good, exercise capacity (1.4 per cent vs 0.3 per cent).

“Good exercise capacity predicted lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other causes,” Peteiro said.

The researcher noted that most study participants were middle aged or older women: the average age was 64 and 80 per cent were between 50 and 75.

“The results were the same for women over 60 and less than 60 although the group under 50 was small,” said Peteiro.

Regarding imaging of the heart, the researchers assessed function of the left ventricle (one of the heart’s pumping chambers) during the exercise test.

Patients with poor heart function during exercise had a higher probability of death from cardiovascular disease during follow-up.

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Heart function during exercise did not predict the likelihood of death from cancer or other causes.

“Looking at both examinations together, women whose heart works normally during exercise are unlikely to have a cardiovascular event. But if their exercise capacity is poor, they are still at risk of death from cancer or other causes,” Peteiro said.

“The best situation is to have normal heart performance during exercise and good exercise capacity,” Peteiro added. (IANS)

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Education Protects Women Against Memory Loss: Researchers

The study also suggests that early-life education improves memory in women

Education protects older adults, especially women, against memory loss, say researchers. Pixabay

Education appears to protect older adults, especially women, against memory loss, say researchers, suggesting that children, especially girls, who attend school for longer will have better memory abilities in old age.

The study published in the journal Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, tested declarative memory in 704 older adults (58-98 years of age). Declarative memory refers to our ability to remember events, facts, and words, such as where you put your keys or the name of that new neighbour.

“Evidence suggests that girls often have better declarative memory than boys, so education may lead to greater knowledge gains in girls,” said study’s senior investigator Michael Ullman from Georgetown University in the US.

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“Education may thus particularly benefit memory abilities in women, even years later in old age,” Ullman added. Participants were shown drawings of objects and then were tested several minutes later on their memory of these objects. The findings showed that their memory performance became progressively worse with ageing.

However, more years of early-life education countered these losses, especially in women. In men, the memory gains associated with each year of education were two times larger than the losses experienced during each year of ageing. However, in women, the gains were five times larger. For example, the declarative memory abilities of an 80-year-old woman with a bachelor’s degree would be as good as those of a 60-year-old woman with high school education. So, four extra years of education make up for the memory losses from 20 years of ageing.

Early-life education improves memory and counters memory loss in women. Pixabay

The results suggest that girls who attend school for longer will have better memory abilities in old age. This may have implications for memory loss in Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. “Education has also been found to delay the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. We believe that our findings may shed light on why this occurs,” Ullman said.

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“Since learning new information in declarative memory is easier if it is related to the knowledge we already have, more knowledge from more education should result in better memory abilities, even years later,” said study’s lead author Jana Reifegerste.

“These findings may be important, especially considering the rapidly ageing population globally. The results argue for further efforts to increase access to education,” Reifegerste added. (IANS)

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This World Bicycle Day, Know About the Various Health Benefits of Cycling

This World Bicycle Day, cycle enthusiasts see a ray of hope as their favorite workout can finally be done in open spaces in nature

World Bicycle Day
This World Bicycle Day, know more about the benefits of cycling. Pixabay

BY Varuni Trivedi

Staying indoors as the World faces the perils of a seemingly neverending pandemic can seem like a monotonous task. Cycling, which can be considered the most healthy and rejuvenating workout has been paused worldwide owing to the lockdown. This World Bicycle Day, as India prepares for Unlock 1.0 cycle enthusiasts see a ray of hope as their favorite workout can finally be done in open spaces amidst nature.

However, as the new normal of the world changes and social distancing slowing becomes a thumb rule of the society people are afraid to use public transport. In this scenario commuting becomes a matter of concern for many, cycling in this situation provides a window of opportunities for recreational as well as the everyday commute. Not only is cycling an eco-friendly way of travel but it also ensures social distancing and good body exercise every day

Today, as we celebrate World Bicycle Day here are some major benefits of cycling

Ensure Weight Loss and good physique

Cycling is a cardio exercise that can help you burn calories in a very healthy and toned manner. It increases your body’s metabolic rate thus burning fat actively. According to experts, one hour of high-intensity cycling can help you burn approximately 1000 calories. Cycling helps work on those muscle areas that are difficult to tone and take a long time to burn fat. You get the physique of your dreams without the heavy gym fees when you combine cycling with a balanced diet. Cycling is an aerobic exercise that also helps you build muscles.

Cycling is an eco-friendly way of travel but it also ensures social distancing and good body exercise. Pixabay

Improved Cardiovascular Health

Cycling undoubtedly increases blood circulation thus stimulating your heart and improving its functioning. Regular cycling has proved to be a great way of keeping blood pressure issues at bay. It also reduces the risk of developing a heart attack or stroke as it works by strengthening your heart muscles.

Reduces Risk of Diabetes, Bone Injury, And Arthritis

Diabetes is a very common problem even in youngsters nowadays and one of the major reasons behind diabetes is lack of physical activity. Regular cycling helps reduce fat in the blood thus reducing the risk of developing insulin resistance. Cycling effectively works on bones and muscles and improves your balance, strength, and coordination. Increased body balance and muscle coordination lead to avoiding fractures and unnecessary falls. A study published in the Journal of Rheumatology says that cycling can reduce joint pain and enhance the quality of your life.


Cycling is an eco-friendly cost-effective way of travel

Just imagine the money you can save if you avoid spending on travel. Cycling as a way to commute daily can not only help you save money but also save the planet. Those long traffic jams can also be easily avoided if yous tick to cycling for commuting. Cycling is a great win-win for you and the planet.

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This World Cycle Day, acknowledge the importance of cycling in building your health, saving money as well as saving the planet by doing your bit for the cause.

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Playing Video Games May Cause Poor Eating Habits in Young Males, Warn Researchers

Researchers link poor eating habits in male college students to playing video games

video games
Playing video games has been linked to less exercise and poorer eating habits in young males. Pixabay

Male college students who play video games tend to exercise less and have poorer eating habits compared to non-gamers, warn researchers.

Nearly 70 per cent of men included in the study reported playing at least some video games.

“It’s important to understand that video games are a risk factor for poor lifestyle habits that may contribute to poor health,” said study researcher Dustin Moore from the University of New Hampshire in the US.

For the findings, the research team used information collected from over 1,000 male college students aged between 18 and 24 at the University of New Hampshire as a part of the ongoing College Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (CHANAS) study.

Students reported daily video game time in an online survey and provided diet information by recording the food they ate over two weekdays and one non-consecutive weekend day.
Physical activity was based on the average steps taken per day as tracked with a pedometer.

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40 per cent of college men play video games at least five hours per week, as reported by the survey. Pixabay

The survey revealed that just over 40 per cent of college men play video games at least five hours per week.

The researchers found that those who played video games consumed more saturated fat and sodium than non-users, which suggests they are eating more salty snacks.

Gamers also consumed fewer fruits and vegetables and engaged in less physical activity than non-users.

The researchers did not observe any differences in weight for those who gamed but note that the poor lifestyle habits observed could contribute to excess weight gain and chronic disease later in life.

Gamers also consumed fewer fruits and vegetables as copared to non-users. Pixabay

“If the findings of our study are indicative of general population, increases in video game usage could translate to increases in overweight/obesity and chronic disease in the general population, which is already a big issue,” Moore said.

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The researchers said that more studies are needed to better understand how various factors, such as video game advertisements or the gaming media used, contributed to the findings.

The findings could help colleges and universities to more effectively educate students who play video games about diet and exercise.

The study was scheduled to be presented at ‘NUTRITION 2020 LIVE ONLINE’, a virtual conference hosted by the American Society for Nutrition (ASN) this week. (IANS)