Saturday December 7, 2019

Women Having Slim Hips Could Be At Risk of Developing Diabetes, Heart Attacks

Findings, published in the JAMA medical journal, showed that both of the genetic variants identified were associated with higher risk of Type-2 diabetes and heart attacks

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Diabetes
According to the researchers, these novel findings may provide the basis for new therapies for patients who have heart disease complicated by diabetes. Pixabay

While putting on weight is dangerous for health, women who have slim hips could be at risk of diabetes and heart attacks, finds a new research.

The study showed that putting on weight around the hips is actually safer than accumulation around the belly or around other major organs such as the liver or pancreas.

The reason could be because some women are genetically less able to store fat at the hips, which puts them at risk of Type-2 diabetes and heart disease.

Also, putting on fat is more likely to circulate in the blood.

“This means that individuals with this genetic make-up preferentially store their excess fat in the liver, muscles or pancreas, or in their blood in the form of circulating fats and sugar, any of which can lead to a higher disease risk,” said Luca Lotta, lead researcher from the University of Cambridge.

Diabetes
Representational image. Pixabay

“It may seem counter-intuitive to think that some people with less fat around their hips are at higher risk of diabetes or heart disease,” said Lotta.

For the study, the researchers studied the genetic profiles of more than 600,000 women.

They identified two specific groups of genetic variants — one that lowers fat around the hips and another increasing fat around the waist and belly.

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Findings, published in the JAMA medical journal, showed that both of the genetic variants identified were associated with higher risk of Type-2 diabetes and heart attacks.

Genetics which specifically change fat distribution by lowering fat storage around the hips increase risk of disease independent of, and in addition to, mechanisms that affect abdominal fat storage, the study noted. (IANS)

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Females Suffering Domestic Abuse More Prone to Long-Term illness: Study

The study, examined the general practitioner (GP) records dating between 1995 and 2017 of 18,547 women who had suffered domestic abuse

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Domestic Abuse
According to the study, survivors of Domestic Abuse can experience immense physiological and psychological stress. Pixabay

Female survivors of Domestic Abuse are at double the risk of developing long-term illnesses that cause widespread bodily pain and extreme tiredness, a new study suggests.

Published in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence, the research from Universities of Birmingham and Warwick in the UK shows that women who have experienced domestic abuse are almost twice as likely to develop fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) than those who have not.

Fibromyalgia causes pain all over the body, while CFS is an illness with a wide range of symptoms, most common of which is extreme tiredness. They are both long-term conditions.

“We have been aware that domestic abuse has significant negative effects for victims and their children. This and other related work by our team showing strong associations with several diseases suggests that the costs of abuse are even greater than understood previously,” said Indian-origin researcher and study co-author Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay from the University of Birmingham.

“The higher incidence of long-term illnesses, such as chronic fatigue syndrome, for abused women implies the existence of an additional hidden cost to society that we need to understand better,” Bandyopadhyay added.

The study, examined the general practitioner (GP) records dating between 1995 and 2017 of 18,547 women who had suffered domestic abuse, compared to 74,188 who had not.

They found the risk of developing fibromyalgia and CFS in women who have experienced domestic abuse was twice the rate of those who had no recorded experience by their GP, after taking into account factors which may influence the association.

The incidence rate ratio for developing fibromyalgia was 1.73 (1.36-2.22). The incidence rate ratio of developing CFS was 1.91 (1.11-3.33)

Domestic Abuse
Female survivors of Domestic Abuse are at double the risk of developing long-term illnesses that cause widespread bodily pain and extreme tiredness, a new study suggests. Pixabay

It comes after a previous study led by the University of Birmingham showed that UK domestic abuse victims are three times more likely to develop severe mental illnesses.

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“Considering the prevalence of domestic abuse, and the fact that patients experiencing fibromyalgia and CFS often face delays in diagnosis due to a limited understanding generally of how these conditions are caused, it is important for clinicians to bear in mind that women who have survived abuse are at a greater risk of these conditions,” Chandan added.

According to the study, survivors of Domestic Abuse can experience immense physiological and psychological stress. (IANS)