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The brain continues growing for 2-3 years after birth, for which thyroid hormones are critical. If a newborn’s thyroid doesn’t work normally for any reason – not formed properly (called dysgenesis) or cannot function properly (dyshormonogenesis), then the brain and body do not get enough hormone (hypothyroidism) and cannot grow normally.
In womb, the mother’s thyroid hormones may help, but after birth the deficiency is disastrous, causing loss of 5 IQ points every month of life. The result – permanent mental retardation! Some health tips from Dr Anju Virmani can come in handy for little kids.
On World Thyroid Day, IANSlife spoke to Dr Anju Virmani, Senior Consultant Endocrinologist, Madhukar Rainbow Children’s Hospital, with over three decades of experience to know more about thyroid disorder in children.
She says: “The difficulty is the baby usually seems normal at birth; by the time problems are noticed, the irreversible damage can be quite severe. Every single baby must have a TSH test at birth.”
“If hypothyroidism occurs in older children, the ill effects are easier to reverse if detected in time. Hypothyroidism stunts brain development, physical growth, and puberty. In the most severe form – a cretin – is a short, dull, slow, heavy child, with a pale puffy face, hoarse voice, doughy skin, tired and lethargic; maybe constipated, maybe with a neck swelling. Usually all the signs and symptoms are not present – it has to be suspected and tested for. Children with autoimmune diseases like diabetes and wheat allergy are more prone to hypothyroidism, and need regular testing,” Dr Virmani points out.
She adds: “Hyperthyroidism, rare in children, is the opposite. The child is hungry but losing weight, hot, sweaty, irritable, hyperactive, anxious, unable to concentrate; with prominent eyes. Diagnosing is easy, but the treatment is more complicated. Hyper or hypo, school performance suffers.”
So, what are the take-home messages? She replies: “Please remember that everyone deserves a thyroid test at birth, with early treatment if needed. In older children and adolescents, if there are any suggestive symptoms as briefly listed above, think of the thyroid – easy to test for, easy to diagnose, easy to treat! Why be a cretin?” (IANS)
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The other factor is that the traditional players are very strong in the consumer laptop market. Top 3 players control more than 70 per cent of the market and strong portfolio, distribution, and channel reach as well as brand marketing has helped them massively. "New brands can surely make a dent in the consumer laptop market but are challenged by supply issues right now. Watch out for them in 2022 as and when supply situation eases up," Navkendar Singh, Research Director, Client Devices & IPDS, IDC India told IANS.
Dominated by HP Inc, Lenovo and Dell, the traditional PC market (inclusive of desktops, notebooks, and workstations) in India continued to be robust as the shipments grew by 50.5 per cent year-over-year (YoY) in the second quarter (Q2), according to IDC. Notebook PCs continue to hold more than three-fourth share in the overall category and grew 49.9 per cent YoY in 2Q21, reporting a fourth consecutive quarter with over 2 million units. Desktops also indicated a recovery as shipments grew 52.3 per cent YoY after recording the lowest shipments of the decade in 2Q20.
According to Prabhu Ram, Head, Industry Intelligence Group, CMR, driven by the pandemic and the associated accelerated pivot to remote work, learn and unwind culture, PCs have been witnessing heightened demand. "Despite the current supply chain constraints, PCs are here to stay in the new never normal. In the run-up to the festive season, established PC market leaders will continue to leverage their brand salience and gain market share," Ram told IANS.
HP maintained its lead in the India PC market with a 33.6 per cent share as its shipments grew 54.2 per cent annually. Dell Technologies continued to hold the second position with a 22.1 per cent share and an impressive 86.1 per cent YoY growth in 2Q21. Lenovo maintained the third position with a share of 17.8 per cent in 2Q21.
Arvind Suraj, Research Fellow, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), said that there is always a trust issue with new brands. "You won't buy a laptop in 6 or 7 months just like smartphones. In this case, we often go for existing players. Brands like Lenovo, HP, ASUS and Acer have already gained our trust," he said. (IANS/ MBI)
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