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Jaipur: Ayesha Jalal, Pakistani- American historian said writers like Saadat Hasan Manto brought horrors of Partition more than historians but the time has to come to look towards the resurrection process and leave behind the horrors of history.
“Manto’s short stories can embellish history but fiction cannot replace history,” she said at a session titled “The Pity of Partition: Manto’s Life, Times and Work Across the India-Pakistan Divide” (the title of her 2013 biography on her granduncle) at the Jaipur Literature Festival here on Saturday.
She maintained Manto’s legacy survives and is more relevant now because of his type of thinking, of his approach which was to question everything.
“People don’t think, they go with perceived wisdom. He questioned it, raised uncomfortable issues especially of human bestiality in his stories of Partition,” she said.
On Manto becoming a bone of contention in the subcontinent amidst the tide of “intolerance”, Jalal said there was always some intolerance here but now it was growing throughout the world, but a writer like Manto is often invoked by the youth as a form of protest.
She also noted that if intolerance is growing, so is the opposition to it.
But like interest in his works in India, there was also a lot of interest in Pakistan, she said but added that this was not any form of competition. “Celebrate it and him in your way,” she said.
On how she came to write his biography, Jalal said it was his centenary, there were accounts by some of his close friends, which are insightful but her 2013 work also has memories of his family, which did not see him very positively and for good reason.
“There were many troubles he caused, he left his family destitute, and his alcoholism was seen most negatively,” she said.
She confessed she had herself fallen under his spell quite early having heard his stories from her cousins and others and “could recite the doggerel used by the mental patient in ‘Toba Tek Singh’ even before she could recite the kalma”.
And then, she had come across letters to Manto from his mother and others, which formed an archive. She noted he seemed to have a sense of history for when he left the then Bombay for Pakistan, he had taken all his letters along.
But above all, her rationale was that the “microcosm of Manto’s life connects to the macrocosm of the Partition” for he was one of its most celebrated victims.
“Manto was non-political, writing film scripts in Bombay, was not a Muslim League supporter though being anti-colonial and for him, the ‘batwara’ was not necessary. Bombay gave him a sense of himself. Partition, in a sense, made Manto, but it also destroyed him,” said Jalal.
She said that while, in Bombay, he had close friends like actors Ashok Kumar and Shyam, and there was no Hindu-Muslim feeling in him, and he in fact made fun of it, like in his story “Dhobi” which was a real incident, though partly fictionalized.
“He had no enthusiasm in going to Pakistan, there were no complicated political reasons but there were family reasons. His wife went to Lahore where her family was and didn’t want to come back, so he also moved despite pleas by friends like Ashok Kumar and Shyam to return.
“But Pakistan never proved conducive to Manto. He had an ambiguous relationship with the authorities, quickly became disillusioned, turned to drinking more, and the lack of recognition killed him,” she said, adding that while he had been a heavy drinker in Delhi and Bombay, he became an alcoholic there, though he never wrote under the influence of drink.(IANS)(image: tribune.com.pk)
After spending three days on-orbit, the world's first civilian mission of SpaceX's Inspiration4 returned to Earth on Sunday. The crew, onboard the Dragon spacecraft re-entered Earth's atmosphere for a soft water landing off the coast of Florida at 7.06 p.m. EDT (4.36 a.m. Sunday India time). "Happy. Healthy. Home. Welcome back to Earth," Inspiration4 shared in a tweet. "Splashdown! Welcome back to planet Earth," added SpaceX on the microblogging site.
The mission lifted off to orbit aboard SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft on Wednesday (India time Thursday). It was commanded by tech entrepreneur Jared Isaacman and joined by Medical Officer Haley Arceneaux, a physician assistant at St Jude Children's Research Hospital and pediatric cancer survivor; Mission Specialist Chris Sembroski, an Air Force veteran and aerospace data engineer; and Mission Pilot Dr Sian Proctor, a geoscientist, entrepreneur, and trained pilot.
The mission lifted off to orbit aboard SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft on Wednesday (India time Thursday) | Wikimedia
The fully automated Dragon capsule reached an unusually high altitude of 585 kilometres, surpassing the International Space Station by 160 kilometres. The Dragon's dome window, inspired by the Cupola on the ISSl provided the crew with incredible views of Earth. "The Dragon performed a series of departure phasing burns to leave the circular orbit of 575 kilometres and then jettisoned its trunk ahead of de-orbit burns. After re-entering the Earth's atmosphere, the spacecraft deployed its two drogue and four main parachutes in preparation for the soft water landing," the company said on its website. "We loved space but it's great to be home!" Isaacman wrote on Twitter.
"The absolute most incredible experience of my life. Can't wait to share more with you all! Red heart," added Arceneaux. "What an amazing adventure! I'm so glad to be home on earth and to be back with my family. There is so much to share! What an amazing @inspiration4x team! Thanks @SpaceX!a Sembroski said. Inspiration4, which was aimed at inspiring humanity as well as to raise money for St. Jude, surpassed "the 200m goal", Isaacman shared in his tweet.
Tech billionaire and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk also committed $50M for the hospital, he wrote on twitter. "Count me in for $50M," he tweeted. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: SpaceX, Dragon, Inspiration4, Elon Musk, St. Jude, Earth
By Steve Carty
As we all know, Fortnite has been a very popular battle royale game for a very long time and this is only because of its building aspect. People only try or play this game because of the building aspect. No game has ever had this feature where you could build fight your opponent for high ground and all. It's crazy how they even thought of this. Fortnite has been around for many years now. There used to be a different map in Chapter 1. People were really mad when Fortnite changed the map. People had a sentimental feeling towards that map and thousands of players stopped playing the game and switched to Apex Legends.
Fortnite has a huge map with different pinned locations in it. It's a game that you can't master in a week or two. It can take months or even years depending on how much you practice. People spend hours in creative just to learn a new technique with the building. Some people have been playing since the launch of Fortnite and are still bad at the game. Yes! It's possible to be bad even after you practice a lot. I'd suggest you spend a lot of time in creative and just free build there to get good at it. Once you've mastered the art of building, you'll be good to go and can outbuild anyone for high ground. There is another thing called editing in this game. People use the latest working Fortnite hacks for this where it edits in 0.1 seconds. People won't even see you editing this and this will make you a step ahead of them and due to that, you can easily kill them before they even notice.
A fortnite set up on stage Image source: Photo by Sean Do on Unsplash
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.Some professionals don't even need this hack as they can do the editing without any hacks. This takes a lot of practice as editing while fighting can be a bit intense. And again, I'd suggest you go to creative and do some editing courses to get good at editing. Once you start doing this course, you will get very good editing which will allow you to edit mid-fight and take your opponent down. People have been getting very good just because of these editing courses that are made by the Fortnite community. There are also aim trainer maps you can go play in Fortnite which can improve your aim drastically if you practice daily.
If you think you're good at Fortnite, you should start streaming because a lot of young Fortnite players are getting famous for their gameplay and if you have the skills, you should stream and earn easy revenue from it. People have been making a living from their Fortnite gameplay and have joined such big esports teams who are also paying the player to play for them and represent them.
Anyways, Chapter 2 season 8 is almost out now, and here are some new things that are coming with it:
Naruto coming to Fortnite
Gamer at his station playing the recent version of fortnite Image source: Photo by Alex Haney on Unsplash
Yep! It's true, Naruto is coming to Fortnite and for all the people who watch naruto, the skin will be coming with the battle pass so, you won't have to spend extra money to buy vbucks. You will only have to get the battle pass and you'll be good to go. You'll get the skin as you progress further in the battle pass.
And more anime characters like Goku might also be a part of this battle pass and some other anime-related things are also coming to Fortnite so, if you don't play Fortnite, you should download it right now and play the chapter 2 season 8 and enjoy some amazing anime character skins.
Also read: Fortnite Tips And Tricks You Should Know
New locations are coming to Fortnite like Pyramids, Cubes, Crash sites, etc. Those locations will be giving Fortnite an ancient look and due to that, you guys might be getting a mummy skin in the battle pass or maybe a skin in the item shop. No one knows that yet but keep your game updated if you want to know.
Season 8 will include something like the upside-down in stranger things called sideways. This will release monsters in the game who try to kill you. It's similar to when Fortnite added zombies in the game who would try to kill you but would also drop loot if killed. So, yeah, it's a fun aspect that Fortnite is including the map did get bigger but emptier as well.
With the new battle pass, new cosmetics will also take place which means a new pickaxe, glider and different forms of the Naruto skin might take place. This is very cool as Fortnite adds new stuff every new battle pass and they have always surprised everyone.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and contains commercial links)
Prior to the brutal second wave of the pandemic, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had cautioned civil services probationers against developing the despised "babu mindset". He gave the invaluable piece of advice while addressing civil services probies at the well-known Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie via video-conferencing. He also outlined the keystone mantra of "minimum government and maximum governance".
With the recent collapse of the under-construction flyover in Bandra Kurla Complex which injured 14 labourers, it seems like the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has got the PM's keystone mantra all wrong. The recent flyover collapse isn't an isolated incident, in fact, a month ago a similarly bemusing incident took place in the eastern part of the suburbs.
On 1st August 2021, the honourable Chief Minister of Maharashtra Shri. Uddhav Thackeray inaugurated a flyover in the eastern part of the suburbs. In his inaugural speech, he quipped the BMC to smoothen the rough road surface. The BMC swing into action and the surface of the flyover was swiftly re-worked upon. But, instead of smoothening the pre-existing rough surface, the shoddy repair work added to the problem. To top it all off, the BMC added a barrage of speed breakers and rumbler strips on the bridge.
The shoddy repair work combined with a plethora of speed breakers caused long congestions on the Mankhurd-Ghatkopher stretch, ultimately killing the purpose of building the bridge. Moreover, after numerous accidents of motorbikes skidding on the bridge during the rain and the subsequent death of a rider the bridge was closed for traffic.
The construction of the flyover commenced in February 2016 at an approved cost of ₹500 crores. The project was slated to be delivered in January 2019 but was delayed multiple times. The BMC had also made a design change in the flyover by adding a connector to the Deonar dumping ground due to which the construction cost of the flyover was increased to over ₹700 crore. The flyover was expected to bring relief to the traffic on Ghatkopar-Mankhurd Link Road but instead, it added to the existing traffic woes. On a concluding note, the maximum city of Mumbai runs on barely minimum governance, literally.
Keywords: Mumbai, Narendra Modi, Civil Services, Governance.