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U.N. Agencies Running Out of Money for Essential Relief Activities, Yemen’s Children Continue To Suffer

Meanwhile, U.N. humanitarian operations in Yemen are at risk of running out of money in the coming weeks.

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A nurse looks as he weighs a malnourished girl at a malnutrition treatment center in Sanaa, Yemen, Oct. 7, 2018. VOA

The United Nations said Monday that the five-year-old conflict in Yemen has taken a “devastating toll” on the country’s children, with thousands killed, maimed and recruited to fight since the war began.

“The impact of this conflict on children is horrific,” Virginia Gamba, U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict, told a meeting of the Security Council. “All parties to the conflict have acted and reacted militarily to events resulting in the use and abuse of children in multiple ways.”

Since monitoring began in Yemen in April 2013 (before the conflict fully erupted) until the end of the 2018, Gamba said more than 7,500 children have been killed or maimed and more than 3,000 have been verified as recruited or used, and there have been more than 800 documented cases of denial of humanitarian access to children.

Gamba said children reportedly have been forcibly recruited from schools, orphanages and communities to fight on the front lines, man checkpoints, deliver supplies or gather intelligence.

FILE - A 17-year-old boy holds his weapon in High dam in Marib, Yemen, July 30, 2018.
A 17-year-old boy holds his weapon in High dam in Marib, Yemen, July 30, 2018. VOA

Last year, over half of the children recruited were under the age of 15. During that period, the U.N. says more than 200 were killed or maimed while being used by the warring parties.

Gamba called out the Iranian-aligned Houthi rebels for recruiting the majority of the children, followed by the Popular Resistance, Yemen Armed Forces and al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula.

“The numbers I present to you today represent a mere fraction of violations committed against children in Yemen,” she told council members.

In addition to harm to child soldiers, Gamba said of the more than 7,500 children killed or maimed between 2013 and 2018, nearly half of the casualties were caused by Saudi-coalition airstrikes.

Another 40 percent of such casualties came in ground fighting, including shelling and mortars. Gamba said Houthi rebels were largely to blame, followed by Yemeni government forces, among others.

It is not the first time the U.N. has called out the Saudi-led coalition or the Houthis for harming Yemeni children. But while both sides say they avoid harming civilians, the toll continues to rise.

Redeployment of forces

The U.N. has been working to end the conflict. On Monday, special envoy Martin Griffiths offered a glimmer of hope that the parties might be ready to take a first step away from the battlefield.

He told council members that both the Saudi coalition-backed Yemeni government and the Houthis have accepted a detailed redeployment plan to begin moving their fighters away from the crucial Red Sea port city of Hodeida.

FILE - Houthi militants patrol a street where pro-Houthi protesters demonstrated against the Saudi-led coalition in Hodeida, Yemen.
Houthi militants patrol a street where pro-Houthi protesters demonstrated against the Saudi-led coalition in Hodeida, Yemen. VOA

“We will now move with all speed toward resolving the final outstanding issues related to the operational plans for phase two, redeployments and also the issue of the status of local security forces,” Griffiths told the council in a video briefing from Amman, Jordan.

The parties committed to the plan at talks in Stockholm in December, but efforts to implement the agreement have failed. Griffiths expressed some confidence that they would go forward now.

“When — and I hope it is when and not if — these redeploys happen, they will be the first ones in this long conflict,” he said.

Griffiths acknowledged that the “the war in Yemen … shows no sign of abating,” and said there needs to be real progress on the military redeployments before the focus can shift back to the political track.

U.S. Acting U.N. Ambassador Jonathan Cohen welcomed Houthi acceptance to phase one of the withdrawal plan and said Washington would be “watching closely to see if they make good on that agreement.”

Funds urgently needed

Meanwhile, U.N. humanitarian operations in Yemen are at risk of running out of money in the coming weeks.

In February, international donors pledged $2.6 billion for Yemen relief operations. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates — who are prosecuting the war against the Houthis — pledged an additional $1 billion.

FILE - A girl sleeps on a bed at a cholera treatment center in Sanaa, Yemen, Aug. 4, 2018.
A girl sleeps on a bed at a cholera treatment center in Sanaa, Yemen, Aug. 4, 2018. VOA

But U.N. aid chief Mark Lowcock said that nearly four months into 2019, the response plan has received only $267 million in actual funding.

“U.N. agencies are rapidly running out of money for essential relief activities,” he warned.

The country, which is facing a cholera epidemic, could see 60% of its diarrhea treatment centers close in the coming weeks if money is not received. U.N. food programs, which provide emergency food assistance to more than 9 million people every month, would also be impacted.

“Closing or scaling back such programs — at a time when we are struggling to prevent widespread famine and roll back cholera and other killer diseases — would be catastrophic,” Lowcock said.

He also warned that a potential environmental disaster is brewing off of Yemen’s Red Sea coast.

Lowcock said that an oil tanker used as a floating storage and offloading facility, and which is 8 kilometers off the coast at the Ras Isa terminal, is old and has not received any maintenance since 2015. It has about 1.1 million barrels of oil on board.

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“Without maintenance, we fear that it will rupture or even explode, unleashing an environmental disaster in one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes,” Lowcock said.

A Saudi Arabian-led coalition began bombing Houthi rebels in support of Yemen’s government in March 2015. Since then, the U.N. estimates more than 10,000 people have been killed, mostly due to coalition airstrike. (VOA)

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Ways to Make Bedtime Stories More Engaging

Ways to make your bedtime stories magical

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Bedtime Stories
According to psychologists, while bedtime stories help forming a very good bond between kids and their parents, it also benefits the child in numerous ways. Pixabay

BY PUJA GUPTA

Bedtime stories for toddlers are no less of a golden opportunity to build and nurture your relationship with your child. This becomes further crucial for working parents who do not get the entire day to spend with their kids.

According to psychologists, while bedtime stories help forming a very good bond between kids and their parents, it also benefits the child in numerous ways like enhanced imagination and creative thinking, wider scope of knowledge, fun learning, better communication and problem-solving skills.

However, many parents, especially the new ones, struggle to understand as to how to fabricate bedtime stories more engaging, fruitful and magical for their young ones. Author Apurva Bhuta suggests five ways you can use to reap better results:

Interact with your kids: When you are away from your kid the entire day, the first thing you should do during their bedtime is interact with him/her. As a parent, you should make it a habit to discuss with them about how their school and overall day was, what new things they learned today etc. Basically, build a process where they are heard. This will help you understand your child better. It also will assist them to open up to you. Ask them what kind of stories they would want to hear and then narrate the ones they like..

Bedtime Stories
If you really want your child to enjoy bedtime stories, you must get into the characters of the story. Pixabay

Get into the characters: If you really want your child to enjoy bedtime stories, you must get into the characters of the story. Merely reading makes the activity of storytelling monotonous and boring. If you take the efforts of getting into the characters, your child will take more interest in listening and paying attention, as a result they will start to enjoy your narrations, enabling them to have a vivid imagination.

Become their friend: If you want to build a healthy relationship with your kid, it is important to gel with them. Transform yourself and become a kid like them. Act like a friend they could relate with so that they can actually enjoy the story before falling asleep.

Talk post narration: Your bedtime story should not end as the story ends in the story book. The real benefit of bed stories could be reaped only if you hold a discussion with them about the story. Talk to them about the story, what they learnt out of it. The purpose of the bedtime story is to inculcate good values in your kids such as honestly, humbleness, kindness. The best way to do so is to teach them the difference between right and wrong in a story format.

Also Read- Males Have Higher Risk of Suffering from Cancer: Study

Put emphasis on education: Lastly, teach them the importance of education. Through the examples in the stories, show them how important it is to acquire knowledge and to educate oneself through the habit of reading. You must highlight the traits of an intellectual who is wise enough to face any situation which life has to throw forth. (IANS)