The Yogi Adityanath Government has ordered all the madarsas across the states to take the classes in Hindi and English medium and not in Urdu. The decision came after the recommendations of the Arbi-Farsi Urdu Madarsa Board.
Madarsas have been at the forefront of criticism over the curriculum of their teachings. They are schools for Islamic instruction which deprives the students of the career-driven subjects like Mathematics, Science, English and Social Science. The government has also ordered to introduce all these subjects in the curriculum.
The order was one of the promises of CM Yogi Adityanath to make his vision of modern madarsa true. Earlier, he had rejected the demand of shutting down of Madarsas stating that it will not help eradicate the basic problems and he further gave a view of modernized madarsa by including modern subjects. The recommendation, made on 15th May, also stated to follow the syllabus and books of NCERT. The suggestions were accepted by the cabinet on 22 May.
The state’s education department had also launched a large-scale anti-cheating campaign. Further, this move of modernizing madarsas is seen as a big step towards the reform in education section in Uttar Pradesh.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday launched a 60-billion-rupee ($842 million) plan to tackle water shortages in the country’s seven heartland states where agriculture is a mainstay.
India, the world’s second-most populous country, faces the worst long-term water crisis in its history as demand outstrips supply, threatening farm output and overall economic growth in Asia’s third-largest economy.
Almost every sector of the $2.6 trillion economy is dependent on water, especially agriculture, which sustains two-thirds of India’s 1.3 billion people.
“Water shortages in the country not only affect individuals and families; the crisis also has an effect on India’s development,” Modi said. “We need to prepare the new India to deal with every single aspect of the crisis.”
The plan launched by Modi would help replenish ground water and boost overall availability in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat states, which produce staples such as rice, wheat, sugar and oilseeds.
India is the world’s leading producer of an array of farm goods, and nearly 60% of the irrigation for agriculture comes from ground water, mainly through electric water pumps. Subsidised electricity gives farmers an incentive to pump out more water, a key reason behind fast-depleting water tables in the vast country.
Supplying clean drinking water to millions of poor people and reviving moribund irrigation projects were a key part of Modi’s policies for India, where the monsoon accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rains needed to water farms and recharge aquifers and reservoirs.
Nearly half of India’s farmland, without any irrigation cover, depends on annual June-September rains to grow a number of crops.
Drinking water is also an issue, as about 200,000 Indians die every year due to inadequate access to safe water and 600 million face high to extreme water stress, according to the National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, a think tank chaired by Modi.
According to UK-based charity WaterAid, about 163 million people in India — roughly 12% of the population — do not have access to clean water close to home.