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The surge of 20 per cent price in water tariff will ,levied after the free quota of 20,000 litres

NEW DELHI: Once again, the Arvind Kejriwal led Delhi government has faltered on its promises which were made during their election campaign. Initially, the government set a cap of 20,000 litres per month usage for every household and beyond which the extra usage was made chargeable, according to their consumption.

And now in yet another move, Delhi Jal Board (DJB) hiked the water tariff and sewer usage by 20 per cent for consumers exceeding their monthly quota of 20,000 litres. This hike is supposed to replace the existing tariffs of 10 per cent, which was set in 2015 by the AAP government. The hike of 10 per cent was a part of 10% rate hike mechanism been exercised by the Sheila Dikshit government. Though, Delhi government discontinued the auto hike mechanism last year only.


The hike in water tariff has come only after the Chief Minister took over the department of water three months back. Before him, Kapil Sharma was looking after it. DJB defended its move by saying that the change in tariff will take up some financial burden from the water body. According to media sources, the new increased tariff will be followed by February 2018.

Delhi government spokesperson Nagendar Sharma also tweeted the change in the water tariff.

Interestingly, the increase of water tariff has come days after AAP was exposed of its Free Surgery Scheme when some doctors of reputed hospitals were caught demanding money during the sting operation conducted by Dainik Bhaskar.

So, all these incidents call for self-retrospection of party agenda that were being boasted during election campaigns by the party head, Arvind Kejriwal.


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Milky Way galaxy as seen from Chitkul Valley

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has for the first time spotted signs of a planet transiting a star outside of the Milky Way galaxy, opening up a new avenue to search for exoplanets at greater distances than ever before.

The possible exoplanet -- or planets outside of our Solar System -- candidate is located in the spiral galaxy Messier 51 (M51), also called the Whirlpool Galaxy because of its distinctive profile, NASA said in a statement.

Astronomers have, so far, found all other known exoplanets and exoplanet candidates in the Milky Way galaxy, almost all of them less than about 3,000 light-years from Earth.

An exoplanet in M51 would be about 28 million light-years away, meaning it would be thousands of times farther away than those in the Milky Way, NASA said.

"We are trying to open up a whole new arena for finding other worlds by searching for planet candidates at X-ray wavelengths, a strategy that makes it possible to discover them in other galaxies," said Rosanne Di Stefano of the Center for Astrophysics at Harvard and Smithsonian (CfA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, who led the study.

The findings are published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

The exoplanet candidate was spotted in a binary system called M51-ULS-1, located in M51. This binary system contains a black hole or neutron star orbiting a companion star with a mass about 20 times that of the Sun. The X-ray transit they found using Chandra data lasted about three hours, during which the X-ray emission decreased to zero.

Based on this and other information, the team estimates the exoplanet candidate in M51-ULS-1 would be roughly the size of Saturn and orbit the neutron star or black hole at about twice the distance of Saturn from the Sun.

The team looked for X-ray transits in three galaxies beyond the Milky Way galaxy, using both Chandra and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton. Their search covered 55 systems in M51, 64 systems in Messier 101 (the "Pinwheel" galaxy), and 119 systems in Messier 104 (the "Sombrero" galaxy).

However, more data would be needed to verify the interpretation as an extragalactic exoplanet. One challenge is that the planet candidate's large orbit means it would not cross in front of its binary partner again for about 70 years, thwarting any attempts for a confirming observation for decades, NASA said.

Named in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Chandra X-ray Observatory is the world's most powerful X-ray telescope. It has eight times greater resolution and is able to detect sources more than 20-times fainter than any previous X-ray telescope.

Known to the world as Chandra (which means "moon" or "luminous" in Sanskrit), Chandrasekhar was widely regarded as one of the foremost astrophysicists of the twentieth century. (IANS/JB)


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