Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
The females in India are unaware about the screening process for the cervical cancer care. Pixabay

Being the second most common cancer in women between the age group of 15 and 44 years of age, the awareness towards cervical cancer and its screening is minuscule in our country.

Cervical cancer is a completely preventable disease because of its well-defined, long pre-malignant phase and it can be detected easily by regular screening tests and follow-up. Unfortunately, the females in India are unaware of the screening process for cervical cancer care. With the vaccination, screening, and treatment, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recently aimed to reduce more than 40 percent of new cases and 5 million related deaths of cervical cancer by 2050.


Q. What’s a pap smear test?

A: Dr. Sandeep Chadha Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Noida explains: “We must also learn about Pap smear test. It’s a screening test used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the endocervical canal. The doctor takes out a cluster of cells from a person’s cervix using a spatula-like instrument to look for changes in the cervix’s cells. A pap smear helps in diagnosing cellular changes resulting from cancer, precancer, human papillomavirus (HPV), inflammation, or an infection.”

Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

Q. At what age one can go for a Pap smear?

A. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends, all women who fall between the age group of 21 and 65 years should get their Pap smears tests at a regular intervals, Dr. Chadha says. “However, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommend that girls below 21-year-old should refrain from pap smears. At the same time, they also suggest that women over 65-year-old shouldn’t get a Pap smear except under certain circumstances, such as abnormal results or increased risk factors for cancer.”

However, both menopausal and postmenopausal should continue to have Pap or HPV tests. Women who have had a total hysterectomy for a noncancerous condition and have not had a previous history of precancerous Pap tests may be able to stop Pap screening depending on their medical history and risk of contracting human papillomavirus (HPV), he adds.

One should not forget that testing is the best tool to detect pre-cancerous conditions that may lead to cervical cancer. Cervical cancer can be cured if detected on time.


The ideal age for having Pap smear is 21-year-old. Pixabay

Q. How often one should go for a pap smear based on age?

A. The expert lists the following recommended testing schedules based on a person’s age:

From 21-29 years

The ideal age for having a Pap smear is 21-year-old. If the result is negative then the next test would be done after the gap of three years.

Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: उप्र के ज्वेलर का हुआ गिनीज बुक में नाम दर्ज

From 30-65 years

At this age, the person can either have a Pap test or a combined Pap and HPV test after consulting with the doctor. In the case of a single Pap test, then the doctor would ask to come after three years if the tests are normal. When the person opt for the combined test, and both results are normal, the doctor would ask to wait for 5 years for the next screening test.

If a person is having periods at the time of their scheduled appointment, they should check with their clinician whether they should go ahead with the test. In most cases, the test happens if you’re menstruating.

ALSO READ: Prioritize Vaccination To People With Diabetes: Researchers

Doctors can suggest a person avoid only the following before a Pap smear:
  • Having sex
  • Douching the vagina
  • Using tampons or vaginal lubrication
  • Vaginal creams, suppositories, or medications
  • Using birth control foam, cream, or jelly (IANS)

Popular

IANS

Fashion's biggest extravaganza, The Met Gala 2021, made a comeback with a vengeance after a skip in 2020 due to the pandemic.

Fashion's biggest extravaganza, The Met Gala 2021, made a comeback with a vengeance after a skip in 2020 due to the pandemic. The theme for this year's gala was 'In America: A Lexicon of Fashion', and as usual in attendance were a long list of celebrities including actors, musicians and sportpersons. Many fashion houses and celebrities chose to dazzle with the dark side of fashion as capes, leather, face masks and all kinds of drama unfolded at the event, as black ruling the red carpet with its darker vibe.

Met Gala regulars like Jennifer Lopez, Rihanna, Sharon Stone, Emily Blunt, Irina Shayk, Gigi Hadid and the Kardashian-Jenner siblings were spotted alongside debutantes like 18-year-old British tennis star Emma Raducanu who recently won the US Open, Rose Leslie from 'The Game of Thrones', gymnast Nia Dennis and Justin and Hailey Beiber who walked the Me carpet together for the first time.

The event is hosted by Vogue's Dame Anna Wintour and is held annually at The Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Here's a look at some of the stars who chose to walk on the darker side:

Keep Reading Show less
Pixabay

Are we just focused on post-heart attack action? Or should we be focused more on prevention?

Many young and middle-aged people today are dying of sudden heart attacks. Studies show that cardiovascular diseases (CVD) strike Indians a decade earlier compared to their Western counterparts. Why is this happening? How can we prevent it? Are we just focused on post-heart attack action? Or should we be focused more on prevention?

Luke Coutinho, Holistic Lifestyle Coach -- Integrative and Lifestyle Medicine shares an input that could prevent heart attacks at a young age:

Cholesterol is not the culprit, inflammation is: Many people believe that high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides are the sole culprits behind their heart attacks. The main reasons behind most heart attacks are inflammation and oxidative damage in the heart, blood vessels, endothelial lining, arteries, and more. While maintaining healthy cholesterol levels is important, we cannot blame heart attacks on cholesterol levels alone. What then can you do to keep inflammation in check and your heart strong? Adopt simple lifestyle changes.

cholestrol-control-tips Many people believe that high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides are the sole culprits behind their heart attacks. | Flickr

Keep Reading Show less
Max Pixel

When it comes to burgers, its not just the patty that makes it all worthwhile... one can't forget the cheese or the crunchy lettuce either.

When it comes to burgers, its not just the patty that makes it all worthwhile... one can't forget the cheese or the crunchy lettuce either. In India, McDonald's ensures their burgers use the freshest produce, which means that don't use any ordinary lettuce. The iceberg variety was first introduced in India by McDonald's, as early as the 90s, at a time when not many people were familiar with lettuce and used cabbage instead. Lettuce is a key ingredient known for its crunch, its odourless and is ideal for salads, sandwiches and burgers.

The fast food giant collaborated with local Indian suppliers and pioneered the local production of iceberg lettuce in the country. Their lettuce undergoes 30 quality and food safety checks. After harvesting, the lettuce is pre-cooled to a temperate of below 40C at the farm gate to maintain its freshness. It is then transported in refrigerated vehicles to the world-class processing plant where it is shredded to a measured length and width and then washed and cleaned thoroughly before being vacuum-packed.

burger with lettuce and tomatoes The fast food giant collaborated with local Indian suppliers and pioneered the local production of iceberg lettuce in the country | Photo by amirali mirhashemian on Unsplash

Keep reading... Show less