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By Dr. Kallol Guha
There is lively discussion in the mainstream media about 7% + growth rate of India which apparently is higher than that of China. Any individual of a nation would like to see their country develop and its benefits being transferred into his or her daily life. Karl Marx summarized this fact in one of his famous statements: “Mankind must first of all eat, drink, have shelter and clothing before it can pursue religion and ideology”.
Importance of people
One does not have to be an economist or have multiple university degrees to understand that the single most important element of meaningful, sustainable, inclusive growth and development are the people of the nation. High quality factories, numerous flyovers, showy metros, large casinos and resorts most definitely do not promote a nation’s sustainable development. It is the quality and conditioning of human resource that ensures security and defense, development of culture, extent and quality of contribution to science and technology in the world. Hindi vocabulary “Janta Janardan” in fact reflects the core element of national development.
Population in any given nation has to be conditioned and trained to participate in inclusive national development. Essence of that training is meaningful education that induces sense of self-respect and pride in their indigenous culture and heritage. However, “Good Schools” in India forbid students to speak in Indian language while on campus.
The Chinese experience
Long before Communist leadership of China came to power in 1949, world knew that one of the most effective weapons that Chinese leadership had was their large population and the way their leadership intended to condition and engage (indoctrinate / brainwash) that population for nation building.
That was precisely what politicians of the West were afraid of. back in 1949, when Chairman Mao proclaimed People’s Republic of China in Beijing saying in his inaugural speech “China has stood up”. He also declared “Gone forever are the days when Chinese will be called yellow devil and barbarians” (adjectives coined by British and American media during the early 20th Century to emphasize their superiority).
In response, the US Presidency of that time fiercely accused Chiang Kai-Shek and held him responsible for “losing China”. What did the West mean by “losing China” ? Is it possible that they lost opportunity to dominate Chinese mass media and under the pretext of “Freedom of Expression” and “Freedom of Press” make people believe that technical education in a foreign language was more practical for the Chinese, considering their ethnic diversity.
Did they intend to develop a system where knowledge of vernacular would not allow access to higher education and decent living? Condition people to have white skin by rubbing Fair and Lovely and thus subtly indoctrinate them with idea of white supremacy? Condition them to respect western culture, language, values, way of life and look down upon all things indigenous?
There is no doubt that overwhelming majority of the Chinese people are involved in the process of national development that is planned, initiated, and managed by the government. In fact all the countries, be it in West Europe or in Asia where development has or is taking place, their mass participation and conditioning of general population has been made possible through careful design. In the case of India, whatever development has taken place- it is not because of, but in spite of the Government. The brilliance, entrepreneurship, patience, and incredible perseverance of Indian people are causative factors of that development.
What is the real significance of 7% growth?
Socioeconomic development of India, under the present circumstances, is mainly contributed by those (Anglophonic population) with some degree of schooling in science and technology. This means about 10-12 crores of Indian population (10%) is contributing meaningfully to the process of national development. The talent and productive forces of rest 112 crores remains under or not utilized at all, because they are not Anglophones. It follows that exclusion or under-utilization of 90% of the population can’t possibly make meaningful development in a nation of 125 crore.
Let us transfer this scenario to another context. How would the state of development be if 10% or 8 million out of Germany’s 80 million population were say, Francophone and only French was the language used for education beyond secondary schooling ? Could 10% German population bring about overall development of the nation? Situation in India is exactly like that.
The mainstream media may not highlight these brutal facts, politicians may not be enlightened or literate enough to grasp this limitation in India’s development, others may be consciously and deliberately be silent because they may have a hidden agenda. However, intellectual circle of the world is very well aware of this fact. Hence, India is considered a potential competitor, a potential world power, a potential industrial nation. For now it is not to be taken seriously. Because there is nothing to indicate that 90% Indians who are not Anglophones will be given access to technical training and education beyond secondary schooling and there is no mechanism in this universe that will teach English to 90% Indians and create a large scale Trinidad and Guyana. Comparison may be made between a natural tiger and a tiger of circus ring. Both are tigers nevertheless.
As of now these statistics may have academic values but in practical terms they mean little. However, there is a possibility that a leadership may emerge in the Indian scene that will make full use of the Indian brain power and condition the entire population to engage in real growth. In that event first sign and symptom will be that the Western leadership will start overt and covert negative publicity against India since they will not like to see another formidable competitor emerging in the world market. In another possibility, rule of 10% Indian anglophones over 90% will continue under traditional leadership. Media, Bollywood, “Good Schools” and other type of publicity will continue to preach “Freedom” and make the population accept the system as “Largest Democracy” for another sixty years. After all Indians have a long tradition of accepting minority rules for centuries! There were Afghans (Alauddin Khilji), Turks (Sultans of Delhi), Mughals, British, and now 10% Indian anglophones over 90%.
When you become a mother, you tend to forget about your own needs because you are so focused on your child. With the baby keeping you busy all day and night, your skincare takes a backseat. It's not always changes in skin texture and looks post-pregnancy are a bad thing, but not taking care of your skin may lead to acne, melasma, stretch marks, puffy eyes, and even dark circles. Syed Nazim, Dermatologist, Aesthetic and Hair Transplant Surgeon, Royal Lush Skin Clinic Saket, New Delhi, shares simple and easy tips for you to follow, to get a glowing post-pregnancy.
* Cleansing: As you sleep, your skin goes through a renewal cycle, by dispensing toxins and debris. So you only need a light-textured cleanser to wash your face with a face wash that is suitable for your skin type.
* Steam: Take steam for 2-3 days a week, it will help you to open up your clogged pores.
* Scrub & face pack: Use a face scrub, to remove the dead skin cells, scrub your face for like 5 minutes and wash it with normal tap water. It will help you to make your skin softer and radiant, leave the mask until it dries off.
* Toner & moisturizer: Apply toner to your face, look for clarifying toners that rebalance your pH to maintain the pH value of your skin. In the end, you only have to moisturize your face, to give hydration.
* Steal baby products: Baby products are always mild in nature so that the baby's sensitive skin doesn't have to compromise. They are created to lock moisture in babies skin. So, you can also use them. Whether it's a body oil, lotion or cream, apply some on your skin every time you're applying them on your baby. If you do this, you can flaunt your skin, this way, you don't have to dedicate a specific time every day for your skincare.
When you become a mother, you tend to forget about your own needs because you are so focused on your child. | Photo by Jenna Norman on Unsplash
* Keep all skincare needs in one place: Organize all your skincare products in one place, this organization will help you way much better than anything. Make use of your "me time" and devote it properly to pamper yourself.
* Streaming your routine: Make a proper timetable, for your week how many days you are going to deep cleanse your skin in a week.
If we talk about the baby skincare routine this is important too. As the baby's skin is too sensitive and they are interacting with such a harsh environment -- pollution, high temperature etc. Don't worry there are some simple and easy enough tips. Here, what you should know, with regards to bath, diapering, selecting items and that's just the beginning.
* Bath time: Babies need two to three baths a week in warm, not hot water to stay clean. The initial step to an extraordinary child shower is to track down the ideal temperature. Tip: Fill the bath without any more than 2 to 3 creeps of water. To keep your child from getting cold while you wash them, routinely pour cupfuls of water over their shoulders.
* Diaper Basics: There are a lot of things you'll have to do for your little one when they're an infant, like changing your baby's diaper regularly, cleaning tenderly however completely each time with child wipes. Make the surface saturated yet dry simultaneously as well. There are countless myths around diaper rashes that it is caused because of the usage of diapers. But no, it is due to a lack of attention and knowledge about the correct time to change the diaper. Else it will get worse for your child.
* Awareness of Products: Always read the product label before purchasing products for your infant. It's ideal to avoid chemical and alcohol-based products. Use products that are made explicitly for infants.
The baby's skin is too sensitive and they are interacting with such a harsh environment -- pollution, high temperature etc. | Photo by Jill Sauve on Unsplash
Newborn babies are so delicate, requiring a lot of care and attention. A single mistake or slip of mind can make things worse. Keep your infant's skin saturated, as well, so consistently have a stockpile of moisturizers around. But excessive oil can cause cradle caps, and dryness can create painful scenarios. If your child is facing such issues you need to consult a certified dermatologist.
(Article originally published on IANS life) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: temperature,sensitive,babies, skincare,child,products
A couple of years ago, finding a strand of grey hair meant visiting the parlor to cover it up. Women and men refused to admit their age, and refused to let it show. Be it moustache, eyebrows, or hair on the head, it was dyed a luscious black, or reddish-brown for those who wanted to go natural. Today, the trend of coloring hair has nothing to do with age. Young boys and girls sport bright colors and hairstyles, which is now a marker of how modern one can be.
This notion of modernity associated with neon streaks and an almost gothic look originates from the ancient Egyptian civilization, where it was considered fashionable to look different from the natural features one was born with. Kohl, lipstick, perfume, and makeup were the inventions of those who hoped to live even after death. Likewise, they were the first people to discover hair dye. Initially, they dyed their hair black, to cover the grey. They used compounds that were extracted from plants, but some of them were lethal. So, they took to extracting the color from fermented leeches.
This was when a chemical was discovered to gently lighten hair color instead of completely bleaching it, and since then, there have been varying degrees of blonde and brown hair. Image credit: Photo by Jessie Dee Dabrowski on Unsplash
When bleach was discovered, women used it to achieve a yellow color, which became known as the sign of prostitutes. The focus shifted to naturally red hair when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, as she suffered from a genetic mutation which caused this. Red heads became more common in Scotland and Ireland, and everywhere else, black hair was still the norm.
When William Perkins discovered mauve during an experiment that went wrong, the concept of mixing two or more chemicals together to create a dye became well-known. So colorless chemicals were developed and mixed in varying ratios to dye hair. When the movie Platinum Blonde was released, the trend of having pale hair increased greatly. People began to go blonde everywhere. This was when a chemical was discovered to gently lighten hair color instead of completely bleaching it, and since then, there have been varying degrees of blonde and brown hair.
Youngsters prefer to sport bright, flashy colors, like teal, blue, purple, and even pink. Image credit: Photo by Tom van Kessel on Unsplash
With the arrival of pop-culture and its influence on the world, these mundane colors are reserved for the elderly. Youngsters prefer to sport bright, flashy colors, like teal, blue, purple, and even pink. Every time a new star sports a different color, the trend sparks interest in others, and sweeps across the globe like a wildfire. Hair dye has come a long way since the time of the Egyptians in the first century. Two thousand years hence, it has the potential to grow into so much more.
Keywords: Hair Color, Hair Dye, Egyptians, Perkins, Pop Culture
The history of Daryaganj goes back to the era of Mughal dynasty, and so its history is as old as the old city of Shahjahanabad, now Chandni Chowk. Interestingly, this market was known as Faiz Bazaar in the Mughal era and was considered as an important commercial place.
In fact, at that time this area was very posh, and had beautiful houses on both sides of a stream from a hauz (meaning, water storage tank) flowing down the centre. Not only this, trees were lined up for shade and it looked like a marvellous garden had been turned into a market.
Also, there used to be Lohe ka Pull which used to connect shops lined on both sides of the market starting from Delhi Gate to the Iron Bridge, but now the pull no longer exists. Well, there's no doubt that the old city of Shahjahanabad was beautiful crafted!
One of the most beautiful things about Daryaganj is its famous book market, known as the Sunday Patri Kitaab Bazaar. Sunday is specifically added here because the book market takes place only on Sundays, that, too, from 9am till 6pm.
Booksellers set up their shops on Patri (footpath). Hence, the name is Sunday Patri Kitaab Bazaar. Photo by Flickr.
In this market, you can find all kinds and genres of books at cheapest rates. In fact, some booksellers sell books according to kilos, and this is really astounding to see. From stationery to art supplies, you can find everything here and that, too, in a lot of variety.
It is interesting to see that some of the shopkeepers of Daryaganj book market are selling books from the past 50-60 years. Not only this, Daryaganj book market is also famous for its branded electronic goods and science lab equipments.
Apart from this, you can also find some of the lost traces of British rule, which once existed in India, in this market in the form of coins, photographs, and even their personal belongings. There is absolutely no doubt that Daryaganj book market offers a lot more than books, as it offers glimpses of the past.
So, if you are someone who is not just into books but also colonisation of India, then you must visit Daryaganj book market and experience a mixture of past and present!
Keywords: Daryaganj Book Market, Books, Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk, India, Mughal Dynasty.