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By Nithin Sridhar
A woman and her five year old son found a hidden camera in the washroom of a Starbucks outlet in Lancaster, USA according to media reports.
The five year old boy was the first to find the phone hidden beneath the sink and pointing towards the toilets. When the Sheriff’s department rushed to the site, they discovered that the cell phone was recording video.
This incident adds to the ever rising cases of Voyeurism across the globe.
In March, a man in Winnipeg in Canada, was accused of secretly videotaping up to 21 victims that included his family and friends. The videos were taken from tiny pen cameras, which he had hidden in bathrooms.
Last year, Barry Freundela, prominent Rabbi in US was arrested on charges that he secretly videotaped women. A CCTV operator in UK has been convicted of spying on a woman using police cameras.
In April, Smriti Irani, India’s HRD minister, found a CCTV camera pointing towards a changing room in one of the Fabindia outlets in Goa. In May, CBI busted a racket, in which they recovered around 500 clips showing women and children in compromising positions.
Voyeurism as a social problem
These frequent reportings of various incidents of Voyeurism indicate two things. One, that there is a rise in such cases and two, that the number of people reporting such cases has increased as well.
Oxford dictionary defines Voyeurism as “the practice of getting pleasure by secretly watching people who are naked or having sex”.
With the advancement of technology and the internet, peeping into other’s personal life has become easier. In a 2013 story, DailyMail reports how hackers had installed a software in the victims PC and had used it to film their activities. Many women become victims to such sexual predators who sometimes even upload these videos to some pornographic sites or sell them.
A 2002 Consultation paper quotes that most voyeurs also involve other forms of sexually deviant behaviors and approximately 20% of voyeurs have committed sexual assault or rape. It further states that in almost all the cases, the perpetrators are men and the victims are women and children.
It quotes a study of 411 men, wherein 62 men admitted to being voyeurs and self-reported 29,090 voyeuristic acts against 26,648 victims. This clearly shows how widespread is the voyeuristic tendencies among men.
Voyeurism at its core is nothing but objectification of women. The media with its portrayal of women in magazines and TV programs, the big corporate with its portrayal of women in various ads have completely objectified the discourse on women.
According to this report prepared for Kaiser Family Foundation: “Sexual messages in the mass media can have both immediate and long-term effects.Viewing a television program may change a person’s immediate state by inducing arousal, leading to inhibition of impulses, or activating thoughts or associations. It may also contribute to enduring learned patterns of behavior, cognitive scripts and schema about sexual interactions, attitudes, and beliefs about the real world.”
Therefore, a negative portrayal of women increases negative perception about women. These rising incidents of voyeurism are some of the best examples that show that there is an increase in the perception of women as objects and sexual toys.
This objectification of women is the root cause of majority of crimes that are committed against women. Hence, voyeurism may also lead to cases of stalking and assault. A person who can spy and record woman will not hesitate before assaulting one. Further, there is issue of privacy and security as well.
How would any woman feel safe inside her home, if she realizes that someone is continuously watching her activities? If a woman cannot bath freely without any inhibition due to fear of being watched, then it is a clear violation of basic human rights: the right to life, liberty and security.
Also, if the perpetrators of voyeuristic actions are not restrained and punished, it will further lead to other crimes against women like stalking and rape. Therefore, voyeurism is a clear social menace and a serious crime.
Voyeurism as medical condition:
Voyeurism as a behavioral pattern, if it persists in a person for some length of time can be considered as a case of “paraphilia”. Paraphilia refers to sexual perversion, wherein the person experiences sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations or individuals. It includes behaviors like Pedophilia, Fetishism, and Exhibitionism. In the case of Voyeurism, the arousal is obtained by stealthily watching others.
The medical condition of voyeurism is treated using multiple treatments like behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy and psychoanalysis. The behavioral therapy is the most commonly adopted treatment, where in the patient tries to learn control over his desires and fetishes and tries to overcome them.
Self-Control as a preventive measure:
The Kaiser Family Foundation report quotes that voyeurism as a sexual disorder manifests early in life, the average age being 15 years. The behaviors of voyeurism may be trigger due to various reasons, including childhood abuse or family dysfunction. In other words, a traumatic childhood may trigger voyeurism in some people.
Therefore, providing proper environment to children, wherein they learn to understand their own emotions, and desires and to control them, may prove as one of the preventive mechanisms against voyeuristic behavior.
Further, the root of most of these sexually perverse behavior conditions lies in the fact that these people cannot control their desires and internal impulses. In fact, many may not even recognize their behaviors as perverse or deviant. Therefore, a lack of self-control and sense of right and wrong results in committing voyeuristic actions without a care for the victim’s well-being by these people.
To counter this, teaching children to monitor and control their desires and behaviors may go a long way in helping to curb voyeurism. It must be remembered that not all voyeuristic actions can be considered as a medical condition. Some people may indulge in such actions out of money or other considerations as well. Hence, making children equipped to differentiate right from wrong, good from bad and useful from harmful will prove efficient in curbing voyeuristic crimes.
Safeguarding oneself against voyeurism
As voyeurism is increasingly rising throughout the world, it becomes important for people, especially women to safeguard themselves against voyeurs. Women should always be cautious, whether at home or outside. Outside, they must be extra cautious about their belongings. Some of the safeguards that can be taken are:
- If one is in a changing room of a shop, one should check for any peep holes or hidden cameras. One should try to make a call to someone from inside. If there is a hidden camera, the call won’t connect due to signal interference.
- One must check whether the mirror in the changing room is normal mirror or two-way mirror. This can be done by touching the mirror with the finger. If there is a small gap between the finger and the image, then nothing to worry. If not, then it’s a two-way mirror.
- While using internet, one should make sure to not click on any unknown and suspicious links.
- One should frequently run scans for virus, spywares, and key loggers. One should also format the computer occasionally.
- One should keep the curtains drawn and if necessary windows closed of the bedrooms and bathrooms.
- One should be cautious while choosing hotel rooms and should check the room thoroughly after checking in.
- One should avoid making intimate videos with spouses or partners, as this may lead to them being hacked and leaked.
- One should be cautious with the photos that are uploaded to the social networking sites.
These simple measures may go a long way in preventing women from falling into the trap of voyeurs and stalkers.
What Is Bullying?
Bullying is a pattern of recurrent aggressive behavior in which one person (or a group of individuals) in a position of authority intentionally intimidate or abuse another individual to cause bodily or emotional harm to that other. Bullying may take place in either a physical or verbal manner. Bullied individuals, as well as those who bully others, may have long-term repercussions.
Bullying may occur anywhere, at any time, in person or online (cyberbullying), and can take many forms, including verbal, physical, and social. Bullies utilize their position of power — such as physical strength, knowledge of something embarrassing, or popularity — to exert control over or damage other people. Many people assume that bullying occurs solely during childhood; nevertheless, bullying does not necessarily stop after a person reaches the age of adulthood.
Bullies in adulthood can take the form of a threatening boss or colleague, a controlling partner, a relative, or any other type of person. Even in our personal and professional lives, we sometimes encounter adult bullies who can be harmful to our mental well-being.
Bullied individuals, as well as those who bully others, may have long-term repercussions. | Photo by Unsplash
How To Deal With An Adult Bully?
For obvious reasons, adult bullying can be a painful and challenging experience for anybody who finds themselves on the receiving end of such behavior. Knowing how to deal with the antics of a bully properly, on the other hand, may help you learn, develop, and feel better levels of confidence. When you find yourself in this scenario, one of the most crucial things to remember is that you must not exhibit the bully any signs of fear. This might be difficult, depending on the sort of bully you are dealing with, but bullies enjoy fear, encouraging them to continue with their terrible conduct.
Maintaining a sense of connection with other people while dealing with bullying is quite essential. Bullies usually see alone persons as easier targets since they have a smaller support network to challenge them.
Courage and a support network are significant advantages; but, reporting the bully is also an excellent line of action. Contrary to common opinion, just ignoring a bully does not always prompt them to cease their behavior. Adult bullies of all kinds often interpret being ignored as a sign of weakness, encouraging them to continue bullying. If someone is bullying you, don't be scared to speak out and report the individual.
No one can make you feel inferior without your consent ~Eleanor Roosevelt
Keywords: mental health, bullying, bully, bullied, courage, abuse, harass, support, cyberbully
Silver and gold have always been preferred when it comes to wearing jewellery. Right from the times of monarchy in India, wealth and riches have been associated with wearing gold and silver for the various properties they have. Copper is a metal that has always been worn by the poor. It is not a metal that carries a significant association with health or wealth, but wearing at least one article of copper is extremely beneficial for health.
Copper is a reddish-brown metal that cannot be worn on its own. It has to be worn in the form of an alloy to prevent a reaction. Copper oxidizes in air and forms a green layer on it when exposed, much like the Statue of Liberty. Usually, bangles, chains, or rings of copper always have brass and traces of silver in them which helps with stabilizing its reactivity.
Wearing copper with stones in it looks very aesthetic, but copper is not durable enough to hold the stones, which is why it is fashioned into elaborate designs and sold. Copper is very malleable, and over time, the bangle or ring will take the shape of the wearer's hand or finger.
A copper ring Image source: Wikimedia commons
Jewellery made out of copper can be an excellent health indicator. Copper helps metabolize bodily functions faster, and the wearer experiences relief from indigestion. It also soothes joint pain, headaches, and arthritis. Using copper utensils also aids those with deficiencies. Since copper is absorbed slowly into the body, there is no fear of causing any kind of imbalance.
Sometimes copper leaves a greenish tinge on the skin. This happens when it oxidizes with sweat. This stain can be washed away with soap and water, but the fact that it appears is noteworthy. It is an indicator of too much acidity in the body. Greenish skin appears when the wearer's diet includes too much meat or acidic foods.
Copper might not be a very attractive metal, but wearing it has a lot of benefits for the health. It regulates metabolism, assimilation, and indicates health. It is definitely a good idea to wear copper jewellery at least once in a while.
Keywords: Copper jewellery, Copper is a health indicator, Metabolism, Oxidation, Benefits of copper
By Md Waquar Haider
When popular smartphone brands like Xiaomi and realme entered the laptop market in India last year, they were expected to shake the existing giants, specifically under the Rs 50,000 category. However, chip shortage and supply crunch have somewhat dented their plans to make a significant mark to date. According to industry experts, the issue with smartphone makers entering the laptop category is two-fold. The first one is a massive supply crunch in the laptop component market and only big brands are able to get volume and supplies.
The other factor is that the traditional players are very strong in the consumer laptop market. Top 3 players control more than 70 per cent of the market and strong portfolio, distribution, and channel reach as well as brand marketing has helped them massively. "New brands can surely make a dent in the consumer laptop market but are challenged by supply issues right now. Watch out for them in 2022 as and when supply situation eases up," Navkendar Singh, Research Director, Client Devices & IPDS, IDC India told IANS.
Dominated by HP Inc, Lenovo and Dell, the traditional PC market (inclusive of desktops, notebooks, and workstations) in India continued to be robust as the shipments grew by 50.5 per cent year-over-year (YoY) in the second quarter (Q2), according to IDC. Notebook PCs continue to hold more than three-fourth share in the overall category and grew 49.9 per cent YoY in 2Q21, reporting a fourth consecutive quarter with over 2 million units. Desktops also indicated a recovery as shipments grew 52.3 per cent YoY after recording the lowest shipments of the decade in 2Q20.
According to Prabhu Ram, Head, Industry Intelligence Group, CMR, driven by the pandemic and the associated accelerated pivot to remote work, learn and unwind culture, PCs have been witnessing heightened demand. "Despite the current supply chain constraints, PCs are here to stay in the new never normal. In the run-up to the festive season, established PC market leaders will continue to leverage their brand salience and gain market share," Ram told IANS.
According to industry experts, the issue with smartphone makers entering the laptop category is two-fold. | Photo by Manuel on Unsplash
"On the other hand, there is a niche market for those new market entrants that are able to differentiate themselves from the competition in terms of features and value. "Alongside, they would need to back it with strong brand messaging to create awareness and recall amongst the target consumers," Ram added.
HP maintained its lead in the India PC market with a 33.6 per cent share as its shipments grew 54.2 per cent annually. Dell Technologies continued to hold the second position with a 22.1 per cent share and an impressive 86.1 per cent YoY growth in 2Q21. Lenovo maintained the third position with a share of 17.8 per cent in 2Q21.
Arvind Suraj, Research Fellow, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), said that there is always a trust issue with new brands. "You won't buy a laptop in 6 or 7 months just like smartphones. In this case, we often go for existing players. Brands like Lenovo, HP, ASUS and Acer have already gained our trust," he said. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Chip, shortage, laptop, market, India, Xiaomi, hp, dell, brands