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- Mapping the history of Indian restaurant in London, it has been revealed that the first Indian restaurant was established over 200 hundred years ago in 1810
- With HCH Mahmoed endeavoured to serve ‘Indianised British food’ in an elite and comfortable surrounding
- Much later, in the early 20th century, sailors from East Pakistan, the present Bangladesh, opened eating establishments in London for the members of their community
The variety of Indian cuisine today reflects a 5000-year history of a blend of various communities and cultures, leading to diverse flavours and regional cuisines. The coming of the Mughals, the British, and Portuguese further added to epicurean delights in the country.
Indian cuisine was further influenced by the spice trade between India and Europe and is frequently termed by historians as the primary reason for Europe’s Age of Discovery. Spices were bought from India and traded around Europe and Asia.
Indian style and taste of cooking have also shaped other cuisines across the world, especially those from Southeast Asia, the British Isles and the Caribbean.
Just like the way food influences travelled to India, similarly, Indian cuisine and recipes were appreciated abroad. Specific dishes and spices have become immensely popular across the world leading to Indian restaurants gaining ground globally.
Mapping the history of an Indian restaurant in London, it has been revealed that the first Indian restaurant was established over 200 hundred years ago in 1810.
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‘Hindoostane Coffee House’ (HCH) owned by Sake Dean Mahomed, a charming Bengali traveller, surgeon, entrepreneur and captain in the British East India Company, was the first Indian restaurant in London, reports Londonist.com.
HCH was previously located at 34 George Street,now renumbered as 102 George Street in Marylebone, between Gloucester Place and Baker Street. It’s now marked by a Green Plaque.
Since Indian curry was already famous in England during the 19th century and Mahomed was an ambitious entrepreneur, he wanted to capitalise on this growing market and affinity.
With this target group in mind, he established the Hindoostane Dinner and Hooka Smoking Club in 1810, which with time was known as the Hindoostane Coffee House.
HCH wasn’t a coffee house in the contemporary sense of the term serving hot drinks, but a concept used by many restaurants at that time after drinking coffee had become a trend.
With HCH, he endeavoured to serve ‘Indianised British food’ in an elite and comfortable surrounding.
He first announced his intentions with a rather elaborate advertisement in The Morning Post, 2 February 1810, which read as, “Sake Dean Mahomed, manufacturer of the real currie powder, takes the earliest opportunity to inform the nobility and gentry, that he has, under the patronage of the first men of quality who have resided in India, established at his house, 34 George Street, Portman Square, the Hindoostane Dinner and Hooka Smoking Club…”
However, not much is known about HCH. A book was written by Ralph Rylance ‘The Epicure’s Almanack’, London’s first restaurant guide has a slight mention of the Indian restaurant.
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Rylance refers to Mahomed as ‘Sidi Mohammed’, and said that the restaurant “opened… for the purpose of giving dinners in the Hindoostanee style, with other refreshments of the same genus. All the dishes were dressed with curry powder, rice, cayenne and the best spices of Arabia.”
According to Rylance’s account in the book, the restaurant had a relaxed ambience with a colonial style decor, which probably served mildly spiced curries.
Born as Sheikh Din Muhammad in Bihar, Mahomed was way ahead of his time. He singularly took up the Indian food business at the time when Indian cuisine was making its way into the heart of the Britishers.
Much later, in the early 20th century, sailors from East Pakistan, the present Bangladesh, opened eating establishments in London for the members of their community.
‘Salut e Hind’ was the first to open in Holborn in 1911, followed by The ‘Kohinoor’ in Roper Street, and ‘Curry Café’ on Commercial Street in the 1920s. The most successful and influential among them was ‘The Shafi’ in Gerard Street that was opened in 1920.
-This article is prepared by Bulbul Sharma, a staff-writer at NewsGram.
The collaborative effort by Johnnie Walker aims to bring back the after-hour culture through live performances across popular hotspots in India. The brand's goal is drive social regeneration in India and bring back the vibe of socializing through local music artists and reignite the trade, driving social culture by executing the live events with Covid measures in place and a limited capacity audience capacity.
(Artiicle originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
By Nikhila Natarajan
"Right-leaning news outlets, as defined by the independent organisations, see greater algorithmic amplification on Twitter compared to left-leaning news outlets." Since 2016, Twitter users are able to choose between viewing algorithmically ordered tweets first in their home timeline or viewing the most recent tweets in reverse chronological order.
"An algorithmic home timeline displays a stream of tweets from accounts we have chosen to follow on Twitter, as well as recommendations of other content Twitter thinks we might be interested in based on accounts we interact with frequently, tweets we engage with, and more. "As a result, what we see on our timeline is a function of how we interact with Twitter's algorithmic system, as well as how the system is designed."
The new research is based on tweets of elected officials of House of Commons members in Canada, the French National Assembly, the German Bundestag, House of Representatives in Japan, Congress of Deputies of Spain, House of Commons in the UK, and official and personal accounts of House of Representatives and Senate members in the US, as well as news outlets, from April 1 to August 15, 2020.
How much algorithmic amplification does political content from elected officials receive in Twitter's algorithmically ranked Home timeline versus in the reverse chronological timeline? Does this amplification vary across political parties or within a political party?
Are some types of political groups algorithmically amplified more than others? Are these trends consistent across countries?
Are some news outlets amplified more by algorithms than others? Does news media algorithmic amplification favour one side of the political spectrum more than the other?
Tweets about political content from elected officials, regardless of party or whether the party is in power, do see algorithmic amplification when compared to political content on the reverse chronological timeline. (IANS/ MBI)
Bansal said that Kumar not only helped "just co-workers and family but complete strangers too. With patience, empathy and uncanny jugaad". He added that Kumar joined him "many moons ago" and completed his open school from a parking lot.
"Education has helped this wonderful man enable others to get India back on track. Bravo! The CoWin portal on Thursday mentioned that a total of 100 crore vaccine doses has been administered so far to the eligible population under the vaccination drive in India, nine months after the nationwide inoculation programme was started to protect the people against Covid-19.
"It's a cause of significant celebration and happiness," Bansal said in the video. He said that while people just help a few around them, Kumar "bridged the digital gap" for 64 people, who were finding it difficult to register themselves online on the vaccine portal. Kumar said he doesn't feel that he has contributed much towards the 100 crore vaccine dose count. "I have been able to help only 64 people, if I was able to help more I would have been happier." (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: cowin, covid, india, people, Rohit bansal, Sonu kumar, vaccine, snapdeal, registrations