Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
Brihadeeswara Temple. Wikimedia Commons

By- Khushi Bisht

Brihadeeshwara Temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India, is an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva. RajaRajeswara Temple and Periya Kovil are some of the other names for the temple. King Rajaraja Chola I, a devout follower of Lord Shiva, established this formidable structure in the 11th century. The structure was built over a seven-year span from 1003 to 1010AD, and it was finished in Rajaraja’s reign’s 25th year. It was built to symbolize the King’s influence and power during the Chola dynasty.


The temple is a great representation of Dravidian architecture, and it reflects Tamil culture and the Chola Empire’s ideologies. The paintings and creative stone artwork of the 1000-year-old temple are still well-known. The paintings have stood the test of time, illuminating the delicate features with vibrant colors.


Mural Paintings in Brihadeeswara Temple. Wikimedia Commons

Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world.

The Brihadeeswara temple is the world’s first fully constructed granite temple and is said to have been built with about 1,30,000 tonnes of granite. Even though granite is more difficult to carve than marble, the temple has a great architectural appearance. Holes were drilled into the granite stones and then filled with water, for a period of time, causing them to crack and afterward carved into an astounding creation. Archaeologists and Historians are baffled by the fact that there were no granite quarries within a 100-kilometer radius of the temple. This fact just adds to its awe.


Mahanandi, Brihadeeswara Temple. Wikimedia Commons

What’s more remarkable is that the uppermost section of the temple is carved from a single stone block, weighing 80 tonnes. On the foundation, a huge stairwell of rollers was built to help men and elephants lift 80 tonnes of stone. The inclined plane was built from Sarappalam, a village located 7 kilometers outside of town. A massive Nandi (Lord Shiva’s gate-guardian deity) stands at the front of the temple. It stands two meters tall, six meters long, and two and a half meters wide, and weighs a staggering 25 tonnes for a sculpture made of a single block.

The primary Shiva Lingam stands at a height of 13 feet. It is constructed from single river rock. Various positions from the famed traditional dance, Barathanatyam, are meticulously engraved on the temple’s upper story’s outer walls. There is also proof that the shrine served as a stage for skilled dancers to perform. These are the very first representations of this kind.


Vaṭṭeḻuttu in Thanjavur Brihadeeswara Temple. Wikimedia Commons

More than a hundred underground tunnels are said to link the large Brihadeeswara temple to numerous other locations. It was commonly recognized as a survival trap for the monarchy. It was constructed for kings and royalty.

ALSO READ: Golden Temple: World’s Largest Community Kitchen

The temple’s extensive carvings in stone provide insight into the temple’s architecture, rites, and rewards, as well as the many offerings it once got. These carvings, including the shrine’s splendid architecture and sculpture, and speak volumes about its creator, one of the most famous Chola Kings, Rajaraja Chola I, and how successful his kingdom was.

This temple commemorates a glorious era of South Indian history. It is regarded as one of India’s most important temples. It serves as a sign of past glory and a reason to cherish it.


Popular

Photo found on Pixabay

Books on Delhi

The city of Delhi has seen it all; from sultanate rule, to dynasties, and to colonial rule. From monarchy to democracy, Delhi has gone through its phases. But, in order to know and explore the nuances of Delhi, you must read these beautiful books.

1. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi by William Dalrymple

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Viator.

Ghats of Varanasi, one of the oldest cities of India

There are some of the Indian cities which are older than time. Therefore, we must know which cities are they, and what has been their history!

1. Varanasi (1200 BC–)

Keep Reading Show less

Human hair wigs have several advantages over synthetic wigs

By- Digital Hub

I prefer synthetic wigs as it isn't something that I would wear all the time - just when I look different. Additionally, their ease of use is an essential factor for me. However, suppose you're looking to wear a wig for a fashionable accessory or as a way for you to show your personality. In that case, I'd recommend buying multiple synthetic wigs of various styles and colors instead of only the one human hair wig at the same amount. However, be cautious - only purchase top-quality synthetic braids that are more expensive as you might be disappointed by the new style you've chosen.

Keep reading... Show less