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By Amin Bagheri
Territorial wars have always existed in the world, and sometimes the resolution of disputes has lasted for centuries, millions of people have been killed, and great civilizations have perished. Despite all the progress, humanity is still pursuing a war strategy for land ownership. These days, there are strange puzzles in South Asia that may be confusing. Nepal has border tensions with India and is publishing a new map! India has border tensions with China, leading to war between the two sides. Almost all countries in the region are involved, and the very high population density of countries such as China, India, and Pakistan has made the competition very complicated. But if we look for the culprit of this whole conflict with a deep look at the history of this part of Asia, we can say that Britain is the main cause of the current conflicts in South Asia. Undoubtedly, the conflict between China, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan is due to the calculated and cowardly demarcations that the British drew during their rule on the subcontinent. There were many ambiguities, unresolved issues such as Kashmir, the main cause of the conflict between India, China, and Pakistan, and even the timing of the Durand Line between Pakistan and Afghanistan by the British Queen’s representatives during the colonial era.
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Indian and Chinese forces lined up on the shores of a small border lake called Pangong Tsu. The dispute, which occurred at an altitude of 4,000 meters above sea level, is the clearest manifestation of the differences between the world’s two most populous countries, but it is not the only reason for the two countries’ distrust of each other. China is the farthest region of Greater Kashmir. It is clear that India claims ownership of the region, but as a document it claims to have mapped out exactly the disputed area, meaning that the British did not specify the task. China also claims ownership of the land, and India, which thinks the area is part of New Delhi, has rejected China’s offer to negotiate in 1949 and the 1950s. On the other hand, China, which has proven its ownership of the region, is starting to build roads in a disputed area without attracting India’s attention. The Indians are too late to find their way to the road, and this escalates into a 1962 war. Victory in this war is for China, and the Aqsa region will be part of its territory, but at the cost of 722 Chinese troops and 1383 Indian troops. In this war, China declares a ceasefire and promises to return to the agreed borders. In the 1980s, the two countries decided to sign peace agreements and work to prevent tensions near the borders. In a recent confrontation, China claimed that India, despite its past commitments, had built a road in the undecided area that could be used for military purposes. This led to a conflict between the two countries.
The Tibetan Challenge
Given the slow pace of China-India talks on territorial disputes, it can be said that Beijing’s trick is to prevent a final agreement until Beijing can completely overcome Tibet’s unrest. Although recent decades there has been no sign of widespread unrest in Tibet, and the region’s lack of attention to Beijing and significant economic growth has reduced the dissatisfaction of Tibetans, the Dalai Lama and his propaganda are still effective in this area and have countless followers. However, the Chinese hope that after the death of the Dalai Lama, they will be able to bring a dependent to power in Tibetan religious circles as the next Lama. Perhaps this is why the Chinese are trying to keep the territorial conflicts with India alive to cope with the unrest in Tibet after Lama’s death, they could put pressure on New Delhi to force them to thwart the activities of Tibetans in exile who have formed a provisional government in India.
India and Pakistan
New Delhi is fighting Islamabad, which once formed a territory with its people, but now Muslims have formed a separate state called Pakistan. The issue of Kashmir is more serious for Pakistan. According to the promise made by the British during the division of the two countries, the areas where most of the residents are Muslims should reach Pakistan, which is also the case in Kashmir, but India does not accept this. The two countries have experienced three major military confrontations to capture Kashmir. But none of them managed to add the whole area to their territory. The United Nations says the problem will end with a referendum. The people of Kashmir will decide for their future, but India will not accept this because most Kashmiris are Muslims and although they may not be willing to join Pakistan, they will most likely not accept accession to India. The failure to resolve the Kashmir issue has dealt a heavy blow to the economies of both countries. India, for example, has to deploy about 700,000 troops to Kashmir to suppress any liberal action, or Pakistan will have to pay a heavy price to secure its borders.
In closing, the main cause of controversy in South Asia these days is Britain’s deliberate demarcation during its time on the subcontinent. Which has led to the creation of indefinite territorial sovereignty in the region. Besides, China’s extravagance, which seeks to find its former political and economic position after the distrust of the United States and Europe after the outbreak of the coronavirus, has added to the unrest in South Asia. Conflicts that have not been resolved for 70 years, and even if they continue for another 70 years, will be in vain. Accordingly,
holding a free referendum can pose a major security challenge in the South Asian region, and large government budgets will be spent on deprived people who long for a normal life instead of being used to buying bullets and missiles.
A Travel Sustainable badge, provides highly coveted information to travellers all over the world looking to make more sustainable travel choices. Booking.com has launched the Travel Sustainable Badge, a first of its kind in the industryNinety-eight per cent of Indian travellers say they want to stay in a sustainable accommodation in the coming year, and with more than 28 million listings on Booking.com, the company sees a huge opportunity to highlight more of the impactful efforts its partners are making to create more sustainable experiences, making it easier for travellers to find a sustainable way to stay.
Booking.com has launched the Travel Sustainable Badge, a first of its kind in the industry | Photo by yousef alfuhigi on Unsplash
With 88 percent of Indian travellers indicating that they would be more likely to choose a specific accommodation that implements sustainable practices, it rewards and encourages providers to take the next steps on their individual sustainability journeys. "Building a truly sustainable travel industry will take time, coordination, and concerted effort," said Marianne Gybels, Director of Sustainability at Booking.com. "However, progress is possible through continued innovation, partner support, and industry collaboration."
"We are recognising the sustainability efforts of a broader range of properties globally in a credible and transparent manner for consumers." Displaying the practices they have in place allows everyone to make a more informed and hopefully more sustainable decision for their next trip, no matter where they want to go. As a result, we've inspired even more of our partners to take the next step toward more sustainable operations."
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: travel, sustainable travel, india, travellers, innovation.
South Korean game developer has introduced a new initiative for Battlegrounds Mobile India (BGMI) which will enable a new level of parental control via time limitations and OTP confirmation. The 'Game Responsibly' initiative will also show warning messages along with break reminders, game limits and more. "Every player, below the age of 18, needs to register a parent or a guardian before they start playing for the first time. An OTP will be sent to the registered person's number, post which the minor is allowed to play the game," the company said in a statement.
Some games can get intense and make players lose track of time. However, with timely break-time reminders, the developer has made sure players get the required downtime. These reminders will help them look up from their game and get back to real life, maintaining a healthy game-life balance. In addition, with a strict gameplay limit in place players below 18 years must not indulge in gaming for more than 3 hours per day. This automatically helps them treat gaming as an activity performed in moderation.
The brand has also set an in-game daily spend limit of Rs 7,000 that automatically stops them from overspending and overgaming. Krafton recently announced that it has removed 25 lakh accounts in just over a month to eradicate cheating on Battlegrounds Mobile India (BGMI). Since the last announcement, between October 1 and November 10, Krafton banned 25,19,692 accounts permanently and 7,06,319 temporarily. "The company has cleaned out most of the cheaters in the game, making BGMI a much more fun experience, and will continue to take whatever step is necessary to keep BGMI fair and fun," it claimed. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: BGMI, parental control, Battlegrounds Mobile India, Krafton, South Korea
By Vinoda Kumary
The rise in air pollution, coupled with lousy lifestyle habits, is causing a spike in respiratory diseases. According to a Lancet report, the contribution of chronic respiratory diseases in India increased from 4.5 per cent in 1990 to 6.4 per cent in 2016. With respiratory issues on the rise, there is an increased demand for natural solutions to treat such issues. Instead of conventional medicine, people are turning to alternative medical therapies to find cures for ailments.
Common Lung Disorders
Bronchitis is a health condition that causes inflammation in the airways of the lungs. This leads to narrowing of the air pathways and excess mucus causes wheezing, coughing and difficulty breathing. It is a chronic condition that interferes seriously with daily life.
Bronchitis is a health condition that causes inflammation in the airways of the lungs. | Wikimedia Commons
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that obstructs the airflow to the lungs. Symptoms of COPD include breathing difficulty, mucus (sputum) production, coughing, and wheezing. It can result from long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter, most often from cigarette smoke. Those affected by COPD are at an increased risk of developing lung cancer, heart disease, and a variety of other conditions.
Symptoms of COPD include breathing difficulty, mucus (sputum) production, coughing, and wheezing. | Pixabay
This is another variation of COPD. Bronchitis causes a similar build-up of mucus that can cause inflammation and coughing. The lungs' airways are constantly inflamed as chronic bronchitis often lasts for months on end. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis include incessant coughing, whistling sounds while breathing, wheezing and a tightening of the chest. It is said that the cure for all ailments is available the natural way. Here are some of the alternative medicine approaches to treat respiratory disorders.
This is another variation of COPD. Bronchitis causes a similar build-up of mucus that can cause inflammation and coughing. | Needpix
Alternative Medicinal Approaches to Treat Respiratory Disorders
Asthma is one of the most common lung diseases. One of the primary causes of asthma is allergies, which often result from the food consumed. It is crucial, therefore, to first prepare a diet that is suitable for an individual. Often, dairy products, meats, and certain nuts can increase the production of mucus. Foods like these must be avoided. Also, antioxidants can prevent damage resulting from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Diet is important in this regard, as fruits and vegetables high in Vitamins A, C, and E can improve the condition of COPD patients.
Diet is important in this regard, as fruits and vegetables high in Vitamins A, C, and E can improve the condition of COPD patients. | Photo by Bruna Branco on Unsplash
Yoga and Exercise
Treatment of lung disorders often involves the use of the lungs to promote healthy breathing habits. Exercises like cycling, swimming, yoga etc. that create a need for full capacity breathing are of great importance. Exercising the diaphragm is important and simple activities can go a long way in the treatment of the same. Pranayama, the practice of controlled breathing, is an integral part of alternative treatment for people suffering from respiratory issues. This extensive breathing practice helps to expand the lungs and improve the capacity of the lungs, which helps an individual breathe more freely.
Treatment of lung disorders often involves the use of the lungs to promote healthy breathing habits. | Photo by kike vega on Unsplash
Nasal irrigation systems like JalNeti using a Neti pot can help to rinse the sinuses, which may provide some relief from symptoms of respiratory allergies.
Nasal irrigation systems like JalNeti using a Neti pot can help to rinse the sinuses, which may provide some relief from symptoms of respiratory allergies. | Photo by CDC on Unsplash
The traditional Chinese practice of acupuncture involves inserting thin needles into the skin to stimulate certain parts of the body. According to a study published in the journal Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, people with allergic rhinitis who were given acupuncture treatments twice a week for eight weeks had fewer symptoms than those administered placebo.
People with allergic rhinitis who were given acupuncture treatments twice a week for eight weeks had fewer symptoms than those administered placebo. | Photo by Katherine Hanlon on Unsplash
It is important to remember that no one complementary or alternative therapy works well for everyone with respiratory issues. Therefore, a proper assessment is done before deciding on the approach to the treatment plan. For those considering alternative medicine for their respiratory problems, it is recommended to speak to an expert first and discuss the approach that may work best.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Yoga, exercise, Nasal Irrigation, Diet, Chronic Bronchitis, Respiratory Issues