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By Harshmeet Singh

You know you have stumbled upon a ground breaking finding, but no one is willing to believe you. What would your next step be? For Satyendra Nath Bose, the next step was to send all his findings to the most well known scientist on the planet, Albert Einstein.


The first three decades of the 20th century were exciting times for Physics. The theory of relativity and the Quantum theory had just come out and scientists all over the world were undertaking research in these theories. Around the same time, Bose was breaking all the academic records at the most well known educational institutes in Kolkata. He joined the Presidency College in Kolkata and scored the highest marks – second ranker was another famous scientist, Meghnad Saha. While working as a Reader at the University of Dhaka, he came up with a research paper that led to the foundation of quantum statistics.

When all the major publications rejected his paper and termed it as a ‘mistake’, he sent it directly to Albert Einstein, who was the biggest name in Physics at that point of time. Recognizing the significance of his work, Einstein took personal interest in the paper and translated it to German before submitting it to Zeitschrift für Physik, which was a renowned German science journal then. This gave Bose the recognition that he so richly deserved. This gave him a chance to work with scientists like Einstein and Marie Curie at the European X-ray and crystallography laboratories.

Bose’s idea of education was that the students must take the ownership and look beyond what the books offer. When he was the ‘Dean of Faculty’ at the Dhaka University, he insisted that all the students must prepare their own equipment, with the help of local technicians and the material available in the market.

It was Bose’s idea that Einstein adopted and applied to the atoms, leading to the discovery of the Bose-Einstein Condensate. Researches related to the Bose Einstein condensate have won multiple Nobel prizes ever since. In 2001, Carl Edwin Wieman, Eric Allin Cornell and Wolfgang Ketterle won the Nobel Prize for “the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates.” In 2012, The New York Times named Bose as the ‘Father of the God’s particle’ for his discovery of the bosons.

In recognition of his efforts, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan award in 1954. Visva Parichay, the only science book written by Rabindranath Tagore, was dedicated to Bose. Many believe that Bose was highly unlucky to miss out on a Nobel Prize. When asked if he was disappointed by lack of recognition by the Nobel Prize committee, he said, “I have got all the recognition I deserve”. A fading science hero in today’s context, Bose’s work deserves to be cherished in India and the world even today.


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The aim of the book is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

By Siddhi Jain

Delhi-based author Pritisha Borthakur is set to release her new book, 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories'. The 1,404-word children's book was put together to address a new kind of societal debacle in the family system. The author says the aim is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

The author who named the book after her twin sons -- Puhor and Niyor -- is a parent who has seen and heard the tales of ridicule and discrimination suffered by many in India and beyond. She says the book is an artistic illustration for kids that details how different families can live and coexist. Whether it's children with two dads or two moms, children with a single dad or single mom, and even multiracial family units, Borthakur's book teaches love, understanding, and compassion towards unconventional families.

Beyond race, gender, color, and ethnicity which have formed the bases for discrimination since the beginning of time, this book aims to bring to light a largely ignored issue. For so long, single parents have been treated like a taboo without any attempt to understand their situations; no one really cares how or why one's marriage ended but just wants to treat single parents as villains simply for choosing happiness and loving their children.

Homosexual parents, a relatively new family system, is another form that has suffered hate and discrimination for many years. Pritisha emphasizes the need to understand that diversity in people and family is what makes the world beautiful and colourful. 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race, and even differences in background

four children standing on dirt during daytime 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race and even differences in background. | Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash


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