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New Delhi: The Jewish people were once very important members of the Indian society as prime business owners, government officials, physicians, lawyers and academicians. Today, they form a minuscule part of the population here.
Coming to Delhi, the Jewish community here is very small, that is, around 10 families. Though they have a lot of empathy and pride for the India, still quite a lot of them have a soft corner in their hearts for original country Israel, which was created in 1948.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s upcoming visit to Israel later this year, the first by any Indian Prime Minister, has touched a chord with most.
There is a lot written about how and when the Jews came to India. The community is currently divided into three chief groups, the ‘Bene Israel’ group settled mainly in Mumbai and Pune, the ‘Baghdadis or Jews from West Asia’ who came as traders and refugees and settled in Mumbai, Pune and Kolkata and the ‘Cochin Jews’. According to the 1951 census, there were 35,000 Jews in India.
In today’s date, there are around 5,000 of Bene Israel, Baghdadi and Cochin Jews left in India. Around 4,000 of them are in Mumbai, 120 in Pune, 140 in Ahmedabad, 100 in the Konkan areas, 25 to 27 in Cochin and Ernakulam, and 24 in Kolkata, informs Ralphy Jhirad, secretary general of the Federation of Indo-Israel Chamber of Commerce, a resident of Mumbai.
Then there are the Jews of Manipur and Mizoram or those who identify themselves as Bnei Menashe numbering “around 5,000,” according to Simeon, a Manipuri Jew presently preparing for his civil services entrance examination in Delhi. There is also a small group of a few thousand in Andhra Pradesh who call themselves Bene Ephraim Jews.
But while the emigrants haven’t lost touch with their Indian roots, many here are finding it tough to continue the grip on to their traditions or having to modify to keep up with the times.
Union and marriage probably are the biggest challenge for the community with many young Jews having migrated to Israel only to find a suitable life partner.
The Jews in India are a minuscule community, but they do not have minority status. They want recognition more than a privilege.
This time, the community is hoping a lot from the Modi government.
“When you fill a government form, Judaism is not even listed as a religion,” says Simeon while talking to reporters. While giving the demographic divide based on religion in the 2001 census on its website, the department did not include the Jews as a separate category. “I hope Modi’s Israel visit, by turning the focus on Jews will give people a little more idea about the community here,” says 26-year-old Abraham Jacob, a Cochin Jew, working as a doctor in Delhi.
Mumbai- “We are Indians first and Jews second,” says Solomon Sopher, chairman of the Sir Jacob Sassoon Philanthropic Trust, which also administers two of Mumbai’s nine synagogues.
Mumbai has a minor but collective Jewish population of around 5,000. According to records kept by the city’s Chabad House community centre, more than 60 percent are above the age of 40. They try to protect or conserve their culture with weekend activities organised at the synagogues.
“The young generation remains an active part of the community, as their parents. They engage with their elders,” says Ronin, a quality management executive with the Indian Registry of Shipping. “It would be helpful if the prime minister nurtured a good relationship with Israel because it would benefit both countries culturally and economically. For example, they could make it easier for Jewish people and tourists in general to visit both countries.”
The two countries have been friends for years. But now with Prime minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Israel, it will become official. I am very happy. This was long overdue,” says eighty-five-year-old Flower Silliman. Flower is one of 25 members of the Jewish community who are still living in Kolkata.
Kolkata- The Jews, mostly Baghdadi Jews came to Kolkata, or Calcutta, as it was then called, during the British rule. Between the late 18th to the mid-20th century, there was a thriving Jewish community in Kolkata. Their number never crossed 4,000, members of the community settled well in Kolkata’s cosmopolitan environment and excelled in business.
The Jews of Kolkata started moving to England, Canada and Australia after the country’s independence when they became unsure of their economic prospects in the newly independent country. By the 1960s, there were only 300 to 400 Jews left.
Cochin- Cochin Jews, also called Malabari Jews, trace their roots to the era of the biblical king, Solomon. After the formation of Israel, all but 100 of Kerala’s 2,800-odd Malabari Jews migrated. With the passage of time, their numbers shrunk further. Despite the dwindling population, the synagogue, believed to be built in 1568, gets a steady stream of visitors.
“During peak season, we get 5,000 visitors a day,” says K J Joy, caretaker of the synagogue for the past 26 years.
Elias Josephai, a resident of Cochin in Jewish area too, was keen to migrate to Israel, but his ailing grandmother held him back. One of his two daughters is settled in Israel and is about to marry a US-based Jew.
As told to Hindustan Times, he says, “We never faced any discrimination here. Some of my best friends are Muslims”. He firmly believes Modi’s upcoming visit to Israel will be a game-changer for the country.
“India has kept its relationship with Israel under wraps. But in the given scenario, Israel is the best country for India to rely on,” he says, adding that they have “pinned much hope on our new prime minister.” (Inputs from Agencies)
In South India, Deepavali marks the end of the monsoon and heralds the start of winter. The festival is usually observed in the weeks following heavy rain, and just before the first cold spell in the peninsula. The light and laughter that comes with the almost week-long celebration are certainly warm to the bones, but there is still a tradition that the South Indians follow to ease their transition from humidity to the cold.
Just before the main festival, the family bathes in sesame oil. This tradition is called 'yellu yennai snaana' in Kannada, or 'ennai kuliyal' in Tamil, which translates to 'sesame oil bath'. The eldest member of the family applies three drops of heated oil on each member's head. They must massage this oil into their hair and body. The oil is allowed to soak in for a while, anywhere between twenty minutes to an hour. After this, they must wash with warm water before sunrise.
Women applying oil to the heads of men Photo credit: Indians in Kuwait
In some parts of the peninsula, soap is not used to wash off the oil because it nullifies its effects. Some cultures who do not like the oil to remain in any way on their skin wash it off with shikakai and herbs, which is a paste that is traditionally used as a substitute for soap. Sometimes, the oil is heated with flowers and spices as well and is less sticky than in its pure form.
The purpose of this ritual is to cleanse the body, detoxify it, and produce heat in it. Sesame is a very heaty substance and tends to heat up the body. This heat, or 'usshna' in Kannada, prepares the body to face the sudden cold that comes to the peninsula immediately after Diwali. South India has no smooth transition weather-wise from monsoon to winter. There are a few days of stable, rainless weather, and suddenly the cold winds descend.
In many ways, the celebration of Diwali is centered around preparing for winter, considering the amount of heat and light the rituals consist of – lighting lamps, bursting crackers, and consuming warm treats. Those who practice these rituals earnestly find the shift in seasons and weather quite pleasant.
Keyboards: Sesame Oil Bath, Diwali Ritual, Traditional Sesame Oil Bath
By Peeyoosh Rankhamb
Parents, do you have any doubts regarding what to feed your newborn during the first year? Are you becoming anxious because of this? What should be the eating schedule for your baby?
The right kind of nutrition during the early years of life can help in the growth and development of the little one. Thus, exclusive feeding for over a year as per the doctor's advice remains key for your baby to stay healthy and keep various allergies, infections, and diseases away. Breastfeeding is vital for the baby and fulfils the baby's requirement of nutrition. At six months you need to also introduce the baby to solid foods.
Here's a list of do's and don'ts that you need to follow
* Do not introduce your baby to solid foods immediately after the first few months. The little one may not be ready for it and you will have a tough time making the baby eat this food. You should give breast milk to your child and formula milk can be given after consulting the doctor. Just be patient and follow the suggestions given by the expert.
You should give breast milk to your child and formula milk can be given after consulting the doctor. | Photo by Lucy Wolski on Unsplash
* The mother must breastfeed the baby after every two hours, including at the night. You need to properly understand the hunger cues that the baby gives you. Do not force the baby to take feeds. He/she can get grumpy and annoyed. You need to note down how many times the baby is taking feeds in a day, and if he/she is feeding correctly.
The mother must breastfeed the baby after every two hours, including at the night. | Photo by Jordan Whitt on Unsplash
* Make sure that you inculcate healthy eating habits in your babies that can help him/her throughout life. Solid foods should be introduced after six months depending on the growth and development of the baby. Do not give nuts, raisins, peanuts, nuts, jelly cubes or big pieces of food that may get stuck in the mouth.
Solid foods should be introduced after six months depending on the growth and development of the baby. | Photo by hui sang on Unsplash
* Give properly cooked or mashed potatoes, veggies, cheese, bananas, and peas. Do not introduce babies to finger foods as they are unhealthy. Make him/her eat whole fruits instead of chips or oily snacks.
Do not introduce babies to finger foods as they are unhealthy. | Photo by Anna Stampfli on Unsplash
* Chocolate contains caffeine and sugar and should be avoided after all you don't want to give your baby caffeine, right? This is so because your baby's health matters to you the most. Hence, it will be essential for you to make sure your baby is eating healthy foods.
It will be essential for you to make sure your baby is eating healthy foods. | Photo by Derek Owens on Unsplash
* Before giving an egg, ask the expert as an egg can lead to allergies. Raw vegetables contain high levels of nitrate and should be avoided owing to the choking hazards.
Before giving an egg, ask the expert as an egg can lead to allergies. | Photo by Hannah Tasker on Unsplash
In case you want to understand the diet in a better way than just consult an expert who will help you regarding how to feed the baby in the correct way.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: feed, baby, six, months, health, expert, year one, eating, food
Samsung Electronics will quickly decide on a foundry investment in the US, a senior executive said Tuesday, as the South Korean tech giant seeks to become the world's number one player in the logic chip and foundry sectors. Samsung Electronics, the world's number two foundry firm behind Taiwan's TSMC, announced in May that it will build a $17 billion fab in the US.
Samsung's de facto leader Lee Jae-yong is widely speculated to visit the US, possibly next month, to finalise the site, with the city of Taylor, Texas, emerging as the strongest candidate. Other candidates include Arizona, New York, and Austin, Texas. Kim Ki-nam, Vice Chairman and CEO of Samsung's device solutions division, said it takes time for the company to review all the factors such as "infrastructure, site, personnel and state incentives," and make a final decision.
"We are trying to make a decision as soon as possible," Kim told reporters on the sidelines of the Korea Electronics Show 2021, which is under way at an exhibition center in southern Seoul. He made the comments when asked whether Samsung will make an investment within this year. He did not elaborate, reports Yonhap news agency.
Separately, Kim said the company has been "calmly" preparing answers to a recent request by the US Department of Commerce about its semiconductor business. The US has asked global chipmakers, including Samsung, to share information on inventories and demanded other details by November 8 to "help improve trust and transparency within the supply chain." The request spawned concerns about the leak of chipmakers' major trade secrets. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: samsung, electronics, investment, US, chipmakers