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Being feminine: How far are we from understanding feminism in its real form

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By Prerna Grewal

Remember the Airtel advertisement that came out a while ago and faced criticism on the grounds of encouraging male and female stereotypes? The ad begins in an office where the wife is also the boss of the husband (no pun intended). As the boss, she leaves no stone unturned in overburdening her employee/husband with work. At the end of the day, however, her role as the wife takes over and all she wants is to spend some quality time with him. She goes home, cooks a lavish dinner and makes a video call, urging him to return home early.

One’s first reaction on seeing the advertisement would probably be a smile.Surprisingly, however, the advertisement has often been criticized as not being in sync with the spirit of feminism. Did feminists who found the advertisement problematic  have issues with the depiction of a woman trying to strike a balance between professional/work and personal/domestic life?

Feminist or anti-Feminist?

A woman trying to strike a balance between professional and personal life isn’t necessarily doing it out of compulsion. Sometimes she might be doing something simply because she wants to. She cooks and waits for her husband to return so that they can enjoy the dinner together. She does not do it out of a sense of it being the “duty of the wife”. In the ad she perhaps isn’t even conscious of the fact that she’s striking a balance.

Earlier in this article, when the word role was used along with wife, it didn’t imply adherence to a specific set of rules that comprise being “the wife”. The word “role” could have been avoided  altogether. But its usage is deliberate with the intention of  justify its appropriation. At times, it becomes essential to drive home the point that not everything involves adherence to stereotypes

“One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman.” Simone De Beauvoir

What Beauvoir in her work referred to was the passive, receptive attitude that women are forced to internalize since childhood. She highlighted how their compliance was as responsible for thrusting “femininity” upon them as the patriarchal society.

According to Beauvoir, “To be feminine is to show oneself as weak, futile, passive, and docile”.

This definition of “being feminine” has been consciously molded by patriarchy through history. Beauvoir’s definition, therefore, comes both in acknowledgement of and in resistance to this fact. Today, women, by exercising their freedom and striving towards new heights are constantly enhancing upon this definition of feminism and adding to Beauvoir’s resistance.

In the advertisement, the woman is not just restricted to the role of a nurturer that Simone De Beauvoir traces in her book.  The paradigms of becoming a woman today are changing and these changes also find manifestations in this ad.

Simone De Beauvoir is often referred to as one of the pillars of feminism who inspired generations. Contemporary feminists must continue the tradition but must also know where to draw a line. They must criticize but those subjects and situations which demand criticism. It will only validate the necessity and authenticity of the school of feminism.

Contradictions within feminism

At the Jaipur literary festival this year, a panel comprising of various eminent female  authors highlighted how when women write about politics intertwined with romance, the work is usually deemed as a romance novel but the same isn’t true of a man writing in a similar way. This is a valid situation for feminists to analyze and comment upon.

Though the paradigms of becoming a woman are changing, these changes are gradual and far from being universal across all sections of society. It is therefore worth considering if the school of feminism is driven by the educated elite. While feminists take no time in creating a hype regarding issues concerned with the urban educated elite, how often do they discuss issues related to people not belonging to this class? Why don’t feminists generate a similar hype regarding the woman who comes to cook in the house of the educated elite? Isn’t she striving to strike a balance between her domestic and work life?

As opposed to the woman in the advertisement, do women belonging to sections other than the urban educated elite enjoy a similar privilege of not adhering to patriarchal dictates? For most, the question of performing out of compulsion or desire doesn’t exist at all. They aren’t conscious of an alternate choice. Shouldn’t one at least strive to make them conscious of this choice rather than generating unnecessary hype?

Even on a global level, Feminism has faced accusation of ignoring the plight of colored and non- Western women. Feminism therefore definitely began as an elitist school of thought. It’s only now that the scenario might be changing. But this change is still under progress.

The employee/ husband in the ad doesn’t display any discomfort or ego clash with the fact that his wife is his boss who gets to go home while he has to work overtime. Do all women, even those other than the urban educated elite witness a similar attitude and understanding by their husbands? For most cases, the answer lies in the negative.

Balancing the scales

 

feminism2

Further, What if there was an ad that showed a man striking a similar balance? Again, not out of compulsion but because he wants to. Would feminists have indulged in over interpretation in that case?

If feminism is about equal rights and opportunities for both men and women then how many times does it address cases where men are being dominated over by women, by society, by patriarchal notions of masculinity and forced to adhere to ways of living that they don’t prefer? And in this case, is the name feminism in itself problematic? Or is it just about equal rights for women in context of men?

It is perhaps because of this and the tendency of certain feminists often going overboard that some people refrain from referring to themselves as  feminists. This is probably what the Fault in Our Stars actress Shailene Woodley meant when she denied being a feminist. “I think the idea of ‘raise women to power, take the men away from the power’ is never going to work out because you need balance”. At the same time, it is important to remember that hesitation to use the term ‘feminist’ does not always mean a rejection of everything that the term signifies. Sarojini Naidu refrained from the tag of a feminist but contributed significantly to women’s progression.

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5 Women Whose Caliber, Achievements Would Inspire You

Women these days are spearheading in many sectors across the Globe and those listed below are some examples of the leading ladies.

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Indra Nooyi. Wikimedia
  • Women like Sheryl Sandberg, Arundati Bhattacharya, Indra Nooyi, Ursula Burns and Annie Wintour have achieved powerful positions defeating the patriarchal norms.
  • They are an inspiration to the millions wanting to succeed in life.

Sep 15, 2017: There was a time when very few names like Indira Gandhi and Kalpana Chawla were heard in the names of empowered women. But, times have certainly changed as every girl next door is now educated and independent. She is not just breaking the stereotypes but also setting a benchmark for a million more to become like her.

With a new wave of feminism being witnessed across the world, women are not just getting into various sectors but also leading it. Below are the examples of the World’s most powerful women whose work and strength are truly inspiring!

  1. Sheryl Sandberg

    Women
    Sheryl Sandberg.  Wikimedia.

Sheryl Sandberg, who served as the Chief Operating Officer for Facebook for four years has played an imperative role in the firm’s success. She is now a board member of the enterprise. Sandberg has been a strong advocate of feminism and equal work pay. She has also founded LeanIn.org, an organization for the empowerment of women across the globe.

2. Arundhati Bhattacharya

Women
Arundhati Bhattacharya. Wikimedia.

Arundhati Bhattacharya is the current Chairman of the State Bank of India (SBI) and one of the most successful bankers of India. She has been a  crucial part of the digitization of the system of SBI; thereby, keeping it at the number one position in the list of Indian banks. In 2016, Forbes magazine listed her as the 25th most powerful woman in the world. Arundhati also focused on making the organisation employee-friendly, especially for women.

Also Read: You Might be able to add Video Reviews to Google Maps Soon!

3. Indra Nooyi

Women
Indra Nooyi. Wikimedia.

Indra Nooyi, the current chairperson and Chief Executive Officer (C.E.O) of PepsiCo is one of the most renowned names in the world business. From Forbes to Times, she has featured in the list of world’s most powerful women many times. Despite the heavy competition in the market, PepsiCo has not just retained its position in the market but reached unprecedented heights under her leadership.

4. Ursula Burns

Women
Ursula Burns. Wikimedia.

Ursula Burns, the chairman of Xerox Corp is a role model for every woman out there. Fighting all odds and racism, she has reached a spot where she is known as one of the most influential personalities in the world. She was the first African-American woman to become the head of a Fortune 500 company.

She was the C.E.O of Xerox for from 2009-2016. She successfully established the company as a service provider, rather than just a manufacturer of printers and copiers during her tenure as the C.E.O.

5. Anna Wintour

Women.
Anna Wintour. Pixabay.

Anna Wintour, British-American journalist, who has been the editor-in-chief of Vogue for almost two decades.

In 2013, Vintour became the artistic director for Vogue’s publisher, Conde Nast. Her trademark of a pageboy bob haircut and dark sunglasses has been extremely followed. She has always been praised for her support lent to the young fashion designers.

by Megha Acharya of  Newsgram. 


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‘We shouldn’t have feminism in society’: Kangana Ranaut

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Kangana Ranaut
Kangana Ranaut. IANS

Mumbai, Sep 15, 2017:  Bollywood actress Kangana Ranaut, often caught in controversies due to her outspoken nature, says she is not a man-hater, and that she hopes to see a society which does not need feminism.

The National Award-winning actress was present here at the Jagran Cinema Summit on Friday. During an interaction session here, she was asked about her opinion on feminism and why some people called her a ‘man-hater’ after her fiery interviews in the last couple of weeks.

In response to that, Kangana said: “No, I am not a man-hater for sure… I think feminism is something… a sorry state to be in any society. The gender equality should be there, where feminism doesn’t need to act like a medicine on inequality.

“We should not have feminists, we shouldn’t have all these things… We shouldn’t have feminism in society.”

Kangana has always made some unusual choices in films — be it “Fashion”, “Tanu Weds Manu”, “Queen” or “Simran” — and how bold she is about making statements on her struggles in her personal and professional life.

Asked about her courage, Kangana said: “See, a person’s opinion shouldn’t have to do anything with her profession. My profession should not determine my voice as an individual. I think before an actress, I am a woman and a citizen of this country with a free voice, and my voice should be free from all baggage.” (IANS)

 

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Equal Yet Divided? Feminists Maintain Silence Over Muslim Woman’s Choice to Not Wear Hijab: What’s Wrong With Present Day Feminists

The Western activist-feminists today are undoubtedly absorbed in struggles to liberate themselves from the grasp of the oppressive male hegemony

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Western feminists continue to defend a woman’s right to wear the hijab. Then why is little talked about girls who ‘choose’ to not wear it? Pixabay
  • Despite an active feminist movement, women in Islamic countries continue to remain outside areas of attention
  • Outrage emerged following Muslim chess player’s decision to not wear a hijab during a game, an issue that is yet to come under the radar of the Western feminists

August 22, 2017 : Unless you have been living under a rock, you would know the magnanimity of the worldwide feminist movement in support of women’s rights to be treated as equals irrespective of their nationality, religion or sexual orientation.

Upon comparison to the mainstream Western feminism, mentions of Islamic feminism do not occupy evident, or for what matter, visible part of conversations.

  • In 2014, artist Atena Farghadani was sentenced to an imprisonment of 12 years for posting a satirical caricature on Facebook as a protest against the proposed legislation against women’s rights and birth control. She was held guilty for ‘spreading propaganda’.
  • In 2015, 26-year old Iranian-British Ghoncheh Ghavami was arrested in Tehran for trying to attend a men’s volleyball match.
  • In 2014, Loujain al-Hathloul, a human rights defender in Saudi Arabia was first arrested for driving cars in a kingdom where it is forbidden. She was more recently re-arrested in June 2017, the exact reason for which has not been made public. However, Amnesty International believes the arrest has been made to curb her peaceful efforts to defend women’s rights.

Today, Farghadani, Ghavami and Loujain al-Hathloul have been reduced to mere names on a list of millions of women whose basic rights have been mercilessly desecrated.

But American feminists are yet to speak up about these injustices- they continue to be too occupied with their own victimization to raise voice against the injustices meted out to women like Farghadani.

The Western activist-feminists today are undoubtedly absorbed in struggles to liberate themselves from the grasp of the oppressive male hegemony. However, in their fights against phantom epidemics and unnecessary grievances, the gender activists today have deviated from the real fight against inequality.

ALSO READ Exclusive: 12 Sexist Remarks that Every Woman can relate to!

In the last two years, Western feminists have often turned to social networking platforms to raise issues, draw attention and mobilize support. While the increasingly global reach of  online networking sites like Twitter, and Facebook, and the inherent power of ‘hashtag activism’ can largely assist women find solidarity , the latest trend has been a far cry from the real cause.

In the last two years, some of the widely used hashtags were #FreeTheNipples, #LesPrincessesOntDesPoils or #PrincessesHaveHair and #BigUndiesOutForSam.

The former was a campaign to de-sexualize women’s breasts and the next promotes acceptance of body-hair on women. The third campaign drew support from women in favor of comfortable under-garments for women. Imagine, if the imprisoned Muslim women of Iran and Afghanistan, who lack political rights and are vulnerable to physical violence because of their faith, were to tweet, what would they say about these struggles? Will these be the issues they would raise, I doubt.

The World Economic Forum asserts an inverse relationship between women rights and states with Islam as dominant religion.

The Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016 placed Islam as the dominant religion in the lowest ranking 44 states for women rights and equality (that means states un-supportive of womens’ rights). Evidently, in states that the report claims most supportive of women rights, the density of Islam followers is very low.

It will be wrong to say that because women in Islamic countries suffer at the hands of misogyny, the Western women should compromise with less serious prejudices. However, what needs to be highlighted is why feminist actions continue to be restricted to physical borders.  Women in different corners of the world today have one thing in common – their fight for basic rights as upheld in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Why then are the so-called liberal women’s rights activists only raising issues of one section of people and not for all?

In the Western liberal societies, the hijab has very recently emerged as a symbol of resistance to Islamophobia, against policies from President Trump’s administration aiming to establish divisions between ‘them’ and ‘us’.  Western feminists have, since long, defended a woman’s right to wear the hijab. However, very little is talked about girls who ‘choose’ to not don the veil.

ALSO READ:  Being feminine: How far are we from understanding feminism in its real form

In January, Dorsa Derakhshani, an 18-year old Iranian chess grandmaster refused to wear a hijab at a tournament in Gibraltar and instead chose to wear only a headband. Her decision to defy the Iranian law which calls upon all women to wear a headscarf in public drew massive flack from staunch radical Muslims, following which she was kicked out of the national team.

The Somali born Ex-politician and feminist critic, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, who herself wore the burqa as a teenager, strongly believes that the debate over the controversial head covering is no more about religious or cultural practices but about the equality of women. “Expecting half of humanity to go around covered in black sacks is just evil sexism,” she had written for a report published in The Australian.

The author has repeatedly expressed her concern over the apathetic stance of western feminists in support of liberal Muslim women for which she has been increasingly labeled as ‘Islamophobic’.

However, what needs to be understood here is that raising questions on cultural practices in Islam does not make one Islamophobic.

American philosopher, Martha Craven Nussbaum had rightly pointed out that the feminist theory heeds diminutive consideration to struggles of women outside United States. While this may come across as demeaning to some, that does seem like the present day state of affairs.

The need of the hour is to shatter the dominant opinion which holds that Islam and feminism are not consistent and that one can either be a Muslim or associated with feminism but not both. This, however, can only stem from a larger understanding that human rights- including rights of women, are meant for all and not just a few and definitely must not be restricted by religion.


 

NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt.
Click here- www.newsgram.com/donate