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Freedom Day for Argentina, economic breakdown for Falkland Islands

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By Gaurav Sharma

Argentina, the South American giant defined by the majestic Andes mountains, pristine glacial lakes and verdant Pampas grasslands celebrates its Independence Day today.

Known for reinventing the sensuous dance of Tango, gastronomy of luscious steaks and riveting style of football, Argentina has seen its fair share of controversies. The most noteworthy among them being the discovery and subsequent colonisation of the Falklands islands.

Although presently the Falkland archipelago, along with South Georgia and South Sandwich islands are official territories of United Kingdom, Argentina persists with total stakeholder claims over the islands.

Falklands Dispute

Numerous countries have invaded and staked control over the nation, beginning with French colonization, moving towards a long phase of Spanish settlement and a transitional shift towards an equally long British subjugation merged with an Argentine ownership claim.

In 1982, the dispute between Argentina and Britain transformed into a full-fledged war. Caught in the midst of a devastating economic crisis and violent civil unrest, Argentina invaded and controlled the islands for 74 days. Soon, Britain launched a diplomatic offensive and gained the support of the United Nations for wrestling control over the islands.

Following a naval engagement, Britain ousted the Argentine occupation of the islands and reestablished supremacy over them.

Presently, Falklands Islands is a British Overseas Territory with a degree of internal self-government. Issues pertaining to defense and foreign affairs are handled by Britain.


Flame rekindled into raging conflagration

With the discovery of oil blocks on Falkland’s  shores, the controversy over ownership which had subsided following the British conquest, have resurfaced.

Six companies, 3 belonging to the US and the rest to Europe which are drilling for oil near the islands have come under intense attack from Argentina. The Argentinian court has ordered the seizure of assets of these companies worth about $156 million.

While Argentina, along with its Middle Eastern allies such as Iran accuses UK trawlers of subjecting migrant workers to psychological and physical abuse and plundering Falkland’s natural resources, the US and Britain dub its move as “an orchestrated smear campaign against the islanders.

The controversies have snowballed further into a geopolitical nightmare as Argentina has decided to restrict the availability of fresh fruit available to the island from neighbouring countries.

Following the economic bullying, prices of food have spiked up drastically, with one apple costing 80 pennies and islanders forced to shell out an exorbitant 6 pounds for a punnet of grapes.

Shouting slogans against the fishing activity in and around the Falkland area has also brought Argentina under a dubious light, as fishing contributes 50 to 60 per cent of Falkland’s Gross Domestic Product(GDP).

Straddling stocks, or fishes which migrate from one water to another in the South Atlantic, are also under dispute. The issue has been reignited after Argentina pulled out of the joint scientific meetings between the two nations in 2005.

Present Status

The persistent and ongoing attempts by Argentina to reign in the ownership of the islands are nothing more than bullying tactics precociously bending towards harassment“, say British officials.

To corroborate their views, they point to the 2013 referendum in which Argentina’s call for the islands’ sovereignty, had been overwhelmingly rubbished by the islanders who instead voted for continuation of their present status as an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom.

Argentina, on the other hand contends that the resolution was passed by “an implanted population” and accuses Britain of living a “fake reality”.

“Britain wrote the book on colonialism, but now they are trying to tell us this is a case of self-determination”, says Argentine foreign minister Hector Timerman.

Also, when Britain which is itself one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council(UNSC) holding veto power passes or supports resolutions at the UN, it seems like a farce miles apart from credible reality.

The membership of the UNSC is undoubtedly a pricking issue that needs to be resolved through expansion of the number of members or quashing it altogether.

The British conflict-of-interest notwithstanding, the undisputed fact is that Argentina should respect the mandate of the people.

For the interest of people living in Falkland Islands, Argentina on its Independence Day, should make a resolution to allow them to live freely without any economic threat.

Geopolitically, the ownership issue can and should be pursued through diplomatic avenues following whose failure people should have the unequivocal right to determine their fate.

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Lack of Support from UK Schools further ‘Penalises’ Left-Handed Children

Handwriting experts opine that left-handed children encounter difficulties which hampers their development in the long term

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Left-Handed Children
School Children. Wikimedia
  • Children are being ‘penalized’ for being left-handed in the UK 
  • Education Campaigners have warned that ministers lack the information to understand the scale of the problem
  • It is also a common assumption that a number of prisoners are left-handed

London, August 15, 2017: The Education campaigners in the UK have warned the lack of information among ministers is causing ‘penalty’ on left-handed children in the country.

The campaigners have more broadly accused the ministers of failing to understand the scale of the problem of classroom struggle and how it hampers the development of left-hand children.

Also Read:  11 Facts about Education System Around the World: Do they Prove to be Beneficial for Children?

There is now a demand for research to determine if classroom struggle triggers a sort of “downward spiral” that hampers the marks of children. Further, it is to be seen if their confidence and self-esteem is reduced and how it impacts their future opportunities.

The government of UK stands firmly with the national curriculum. The campaigners, on the other hand, are demanding that the left-handed pupil receive the kind of education that would match their needs. This proposal is currently non-statutory guidance.

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Nick Gibb, the education minister, said that the teachers need to ensure they provide education to pupils according to their needs.

Handwriting experts, however, opine that left-handed children encounter difficulties which hamper their development in the long term. They also suggest that teachers often fail to recognize these signs, and hence a training needs to be introduced.

“It’s bizarre kids in our schools are penalized because they happen to be left-handed. It’s bewildering successive governments have failed to act on this. It’s so easy to do,” Former Conservative Minister Sir Peter Luff told The Guardian.

Worcester based Left’n’Write is an organization that trains left-handed children. Their founder, Stewart, believes that there is a lack of teaching training. His organization has helped thousands of pupils with his talks and training.

Left-handed writing is now considered a disability, and hence there is no data of how many left-handed children are there in the country’s primary and secondary schools. However, it is estimated that 10% of the population is left-handed.

– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394

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Fossil of Patagotitan Discovered in Argentina: The Heavyweight Champion of all Dinosaurs weighs 76 Tons

The New Heavyweight Champion of Dinosaurs is Patagotitan

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Museum attendees walk by the head of the newly named Patagotitan mayorum, a 122-foot (37.2 meter) titanosaur, at the American Museum of Natural History in New York
Museum attendees walk by the head of the newly named Patagotitan mayorum, a 122-foot (37.2 meter) titanosaur, at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. VOA
  • The dinosaur’s fossils were found in southern Argentina in 2012
  • The researchers named the dinosaur Patagotitan dinosaur Patagotitan mayorum after the Patagonia region where it was found and the Greek word titan, which means large
  • A cast of the dinosaur’s skeleton is on display at the American Museum of Natural History

USA, August 10, 2017: A study proclaims a newly named species the heavyweight champion of all dinosaurs, making the scary Tyrannosaurus rex look like a munchkin.

At 76 tons (69 metric tons), the plant-eating behemoth was as heavy as a space shuttle.

The dinosaur’s fossils were found in southern Argentina in 2012. Researchers who examined and dated them said the long-necked creature was the biggest of a group of large dinosaurs called titanosaurs.

“There was one small part of the family that went crazy on size,” said Diego Pol of the Egidio Feruglio paleontology museum in Argentina, co-author of the study published Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

The researchers named the dinosaur Patagotitan dinosaur Patagotitan mayorum after the Patagonia region where it was found and the Greek word titan, which means large. The second name honors a ranch family that hosted the researchers.

Six fossils of the species were studied and dated to about 100 million years ago, based on ash found around them, Pol said. The dinosaur averaged 122 feet long (37 meters) and was nearly 20 feet high (6 meters) at the shoulder.

ALSO READ: Frogs’ Survival Possible due to Dinosaurs’ Death: Study

A cast of the dinosaur’s skeleton is on display at the American Museum of Natural History. It’s so big that the dinosaur’s head sticks out into a hallway at the New York museum.

Legendary T. rex and other meat-eaters “look like dwarfs when you put them against one of these giant titanosaurs,” Pol said. “It’s like when you put an elephant by a lion.”

Scientists have known titanosaurs for a while, but this is a new species and even a new genus, which is a larger grouping, Pol said. Another titanosaur called Argentinosaurus was previously thought to be the largest.

“I don’t think they were scary at all,” Pol said. “They were probably massive, big, slow-moving animals.”

“Getting up. Walking around. Trying to run. It’s really challenging for large animals,” he said.

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The big question is how did these dinosaurs get so big, Pol said. Researchers are still studying it but said it probably has to do with an explosion of flowering plants at the time. Along with a forest, it was like an all-you-can-eat buffet for these dinosaurs and they just got bigger.

“It’s hard to argue this isn’t a big deal when it concerns the [probable] largest land animal ever discovered,” University of Maryland paleontologist Thomas Holtz, who wasn’t part of the study, said in an email.

Kristi Curry Rodgers, a paleontologist at Macalester College who wasn’t part of the study, praised the work as important. She said the fact that Patagotitan’s bones show signs that they haven’t completed their growth “means that there are even bigger dinosaurs out there to discover.” (VOA)

 

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Dorset Indian Mela: Indian food festival on August 26 in UK to Showcase different varieties of Cuisine and Culture

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Dorset Indian Mela
Last Year's Dorset Indian Mela. Wikimedia
  • The Dorset Indian Mela is an Indian Food Festival
  • On August 26 the Dorset Mela is is going to be held in Poole, United Kingdom
  • The festival will raise money funds for Forest Holme Hospice, a care unit

UK, July 27, 2017: The Dorset Indian Mela, a popular Indian food festival is coming to Poole of the United Kingdom on August 26, this year. The Indian festival will showcase the different varieties of Indian cuisine, Indian culture, and heritage.

The Dorset Mela is set to exhibit stalls with a large variety of Indian cuisine. Additionally, stalls displaying handicrafts and henna paintings. Indian dance and music will also be present at the venue for the visitors to enjoy.

Dorset Indian Mela Committee’s spokesperson Bibin Venuanth spoke to Daily Echo, “Following the success of last year’s event, we are delighted to be bringing the Indian communities of Dorset together to present our second Indian food festival.”

ALSO READ: The ‘Francophonie Mela’: A massive Celebration of French culture in Delhi

India has different regions and their specialties to offer on the Dorset Festival. Bipin Venuanth said that the Indian Mela is estimated to generate enough funds through the crowd that it will take care of thousands of patients in Forest Holme Hospice hospital care unit.

This is not the first time that the Indian Mela by Dorset has been held. Last year’s festival showcased all 29 states and their representatives. Many families turned up for the event making it a grand success.

– prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394