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Ganga Talao or Grand Bassin : The Sacred Lake in Mauritius

One of the most sacred Hindu places in the world

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Ganga Talao Image: Wikimedia Commons
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By Pashchiema Bhatia

Ganga Talao or Grand Bassin  which is also called Ganga Talab (‘Ganga,’ signifies the holy river Ganges and ‘Talao’ means pool) in Hindi, a sacred lake found at about 1800 feet above the Indian Ocean and just 2 km east of Le Pétrin, is one of the most significant Hindu pilgrimage sites outside of India. It is situated in an isolated mountain area in the district of Savanne, deep in the heart of Mauritius and is considered as the most sacred place in Mauritius.

What does the Hindu mythology says?

Many Hindus believe that Ganga Talao, sometimes also called Gana Talao, is linked to the mighty Ganges. According to Hindu mythology, the God Shiva and his wife Parvati were flying around the earth. God Shiva was balancing the sacred river on his head to prevent the earth form floodings. Shiva noticed a beautiful island, Mauritius and decided to land, but accidently he spilled a few drops of the holy Ganges into the crater, creating a small lake. And this is how the sacred lake, Ganga Talao, emerged and became home to the biggest annual pilgrimage of Hindus outside of India.

The Great Pilgrimage

Every year on the island of Mauritius a great pilgrimage takes place when thousands of Hindus, for a touch of spirituality, make the harsh journey to a volcanic crater that houses the Ganga Talao.

Ganga Talao Image: Wikimedia Commons
People paying homage at Ganga Talao Image: Wikimedia Commons

On the road from Port Louis to Le Saint Geran, a stretch of about an hour, many Tamil and Hindu temples are seen and during Maha Shivaratri, which is considered as an auspicious time for devotees, many pilgrimages walk bare feet from their homes to the temples.

Related Article: Celebrating the Kumbabhishekam in Mauritius

Every winter, thousands of Hindus incline upon the lake, to give offerings to Shiva and other Gods including Lord Hanuman and the Goddess Lakshmi. People who are not able to make the pilgrimage also get a chance to feel the touch of sacred water as their family members and friends visiting the lake bottle up the sacred water and bring it for them. It’s one of the most important events on the Mauritius calendar.

Devotees and visitors pay homage, bottle up the sacred water, break coconuts and spill pure milk on the feet of their gods’ idols, leave flowers and coins, gentles kisses before entering the temple for blessings inculcating a meditative and sacred mood. The Mangal Mahadev or the Shiva statue, situated in the middle of the lake and is 108 feet tall, is of immense religious importance and is perhaps the highest statue in the island nation.

Mangal Mahadev Shiva Statue Image: Wikimedia Commons
Mangal Mahadev Shiva Statue Image: Wikimedia Commons

For understanding the prominence of celebrations, one has to understand the tough history of hardships of Mauritius’ Indian community. Most of the migrants of Indian origin are the descendants of million indentured laborers who were brought to Mauritius by Britishers in the nineteen century with the promise of a better life. However the lives that awaited them were filled with struggles and hardships which were far from the expectations.

Pashchiema is an intern at NewsGram and a student of journalism and mass communication in New Delhi. Twitter: @pashchiema5

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Drying Ganga Can Hinder India From Achieving Sustainable Development Goals

The lower the river flow, the more concentrated the pollutants become, making it difficult to wash them out.

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Ganga, travel
River Ganga is one of the holiest rivers in India. Pixabay

Millions of people residing in the lower reaches of the Ganga basin in India may face food shortage in the next three decades if the much revered river continues to lose water due to factors that include unsustainable groundwater extraction, a study has claimed.

Researchers associated with the study added that low river flows could also have implications for achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

But experts, not associated with the study, also pointed to the combined blow of surface and groundwater misuse that has beleaguered the Ganga river basin, sheltering around 10 per cent of the global population. Agricultural inefficiency is a chink in the chain, they say, when it comes to sustainable water use.

The modeling study forecasts that in the absence of interventions, groundwater contribution to the river’s water flow would continue diminishing in the summer for the next 30 years.

Ganga
A pile of garbage lies on the riverbank along the Ganges riverfront known as “Har ki Pauri,” the most sacred spot in the Hindu holy town of Haridwar where devotees throng. VOA

The analysis was conducted by Abhijit Mukherjee at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur, Soumendra Nath Bhanja (formerly at IIT Kharagpur) and Yoshihide Wada from Austria’s IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) on the stretch of the river from Varanasi to the Bay of Bengal.

“The impacts of groundwater depletion on Ganga river flows are very complex. However, our study found that there is significant concern that ongoing groundwater pumping over the basin is unsustainable, leading to not only lowering groundwater levels but also reduction in river flows during summer time,” Wada told Mongabay-India.

This problem is more serious downstream of the Ganga river, Wada said.

Mukherjee, lead author of the study, said: “So far, in the last three decades we have seen the groundwater input to the river decline by 50 percent during summer. This decline could go up to 75 per cent compared to the scenario in the 1970s in the summer months.”

Although the modeling study doesn’t factor in climate change impacts, the authors argue that if they were to do so, the situation could be worse than predicted.

Ganga
River Ganga is one of the holiest, yet the most polluted river.

The Ganga’s 2,525 km watercourse is sustained by rainfall in the hinterlands of the Ganga basin, Himalayan glacial melt as also groundwater discharge. In summer (non-monsoon months), this groundwater contribution (baseflow) to the river can be 30 percent in some sections and can even swell up to 60 to 70 percent, informed Mukherjee.

“The combination of groundwater (around 70 percent) and river water (30 percent) availability actually runs the farming system that yields the food crops,” Mukherjee said.

The researchers assess that at present, surface water irrigation for cropping accounts for 27 percent of the total irrigation in the study area.

Hence, the dwindling of the Ganga would also severely affect water available for surface water irrigation, with potential decline in food production in the future.

“Our prediction shows that about 115 million people can be impacted due to insufficient food availability in the next few decades. In a status-quo scenario, this reduction would enhance in the future and there is a possibility that there would be reverse flow of the river water to groundwater. This is called stream flow capture,” Mukherjee said.

Ganga
NITI Aayog, CII partnered on sustainable development goals. Flickr

Apart from ongoing reduction in summer river flows heightening vulnerability of regional food production and water supply policy, Wada observed that low river flows also influence dilution of water pollution in the Ganga river, which is one of most contaminated transboundary rivers worldwide.

This is a “huge concern” for regional water supply and sanitation, he said, adding the issue could have implications for achieving United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets.

“South Asian countries are working towards the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aim towards improving water sanitation and reducing water scarcity, but decreasing summer river flows and increasing groundwater depletion will make only more difficult for regional policy makers to achieve the targets by 2030,” Wada elaborated.

The researchers also observed that low river flows influence dilution of water pollution in the Ganga river, which is one of most contaminated transboundary rivers worldwide.

Ganga
Children waiting for food from Akshaya Patra Foundation. Wikimedia

“The lower the river flow, the more concentrated the pollutants become, making it difficult to wash them out,” Mukherjee remarked.

Wada batted for more co-operation between India and Bangladesh, where the Ganga eventually flows, in regional water resources allocation.

Also Read: Fall Of the Currency And Increase In Oil Prices: India’s Turmoil

“Local excessive groundwater pumping over two countries is affecting the river flows of the entire basin. Regional policy makers from the two countries can cooperate for better monitoring and regulation of groundwater pumping and water use at larger,” Wada said.

He noted that it is vital to understand that both upstream and downstream regions need to share the burden of better water allocation policy. “Two countries need to work very closely to establish how to improve the situation. Water scarcity will get only worse under climate change, if the situation continues,” Wada reiterated. (IANS)