Tokyo: The residents of Japan’s Hiroshima city on Thursday commemorated the 70th anniversary of the first atomic bomb dropped by a US aircraft on this day in 1945.
The crowd observed a minute of silence at 8:15 a.m., the exact time the US B-29 bomber Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb, which exploded some 600 metres (1,800 feet) above the city on August 6, 1945, state-run news agency NHK reported.
The Hiroshima bombing — and a second one in Nagasaki three days later — is credited with ending the Second World War. It claimed the lives of at least 140,000 people in Hiroshima city.
At least 55,000 people, including Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Hiroshima mayor Kazumi Matsui and some of the survivors, were present at the Peace Memorial Park for the annual ceremony.
Prime Minister Abe expressed his commitment to global dialogue. He said Japan will continue to seek cooperation from both nuclear and non-nuclear countries to do even more to achieve a world without nuclear weapons.
Abe said that to demonstrate this determination, Japan will introduce a new resolution at the UN General Assembly seeking the abolition of nuclear weapons.
Matsui called nuclear weapons “an absolute evil” and “ultimate inhumanity”.
The US President Donald Trump announced on Wednesday he is negotiating a bilateral trade agreement with Japan and that his country would only re-enter the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) if its member countries offered him a deal he could not refuse.
“I don’t want to go back into TPP. But if they offered us a deal I can’t refuse on behalf of the US, I would do it. In the meantime, we are negotiating, and what I really would prefer is negotiating a one-on-one deal with Japan,” Donald Trump said at a press conference with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
However, Abe stressed his country’s position towards the TPP, saying that it “is the best for both countries,” although he acknowledged the US’s interest in a bilateral trade deal, Efe reported.
Trump said that should his country reach a trade agreement with Japan, there will be talks about the possibility of ending tariffs on steel and aluminum imports, a move that Washington introduced in March to a number of countries, including Japan.
Trump added that his primary concern at the moment is the “massive” trade deficit with Japan, which amounted to “from $69 billion to $100 billion a year.”
In fact, the trade deficit with Japan last year stood at $69 billion, far from the $100 billion that the US President claimed, according to the official figures by the US Department of Commerce.
The two leaders made these announcements in a joint press conference at the tycoon’s private club Mar-a-Lago in Palm Beach, Florida, where Abe arrived on Tuesday to have meeting with Trump on his four-day visit to the US.
Last week, the White House announced that Trump had asked the US foreign trade representative Robert Lighthizer and the economic adviser Larry Kudlow to “take another look at whether or not a better deal (with the TPP) could be negotiated.”
However, Trump has shown little interest in negotiations that would further complicate the matter, since the other 11 countries that negotiated the original TPP, with the then Barack Obama administration, have already signed their own multilateral deal, the so-called Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), or TPP-11.
On the other hand, during this four-day visit Abe has a special interest in getting an exemption for Japan from the 10 per cent and 25 per cent tariffs that the Trump administration imposes on aluminum and steel imports, respectively.
Trump has granted a temporary exemption until May 1 to Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, South Korea and the European Union.
Japan has been left out of the exempted countries despite being one of the US’s major allies, and for that reason Abe is trying to make use of his visit to secure a place on that list, although Japan barely produces aluminum and the amount of steel exported to the US stands at only around 5 percent of its total steel exports. IANS