Life in India has been influenced by European superpowers ever since the British Rule
Indian Leaders, understanding the importance of western education, helped in spreading western influence
Malayalam as a language has been greatly influenced by historical events revolving around foreign rule
Life in India has been highly influenced by the arrival and stay of foreign powers in every possible facet, and this is true with regard to India’s traditionally rich languages as well. Western culture and education was first adopted by great Indian leaders like Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda and Ram Mohan Roy, who learnt to understand the base of western culture. The spread of western influence was facilitated by these Indian leaders themselves. While these leaders went on foreign voyages to teach the tenets of Hinduism, they happened to imbibe the spiritual values of the West as well. ”
Mahatma Gandhi’s statement serves as a perennial source of inspiration. He writes, “I do not want my house to be walled on either side and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all lands to blow about my house as freely as possible. But I refuse to be blown away.”
Malayalam, a language native to Kerala, was one of the last languages to evolve in South India. This fact made it vulnerable to changes from external situations.
“Malayalam has a history of assimilating loanwords from various foreign tongues”, writes Anoop Sarkar at scroll.in. Kerala, the southern state of India, is thought to be the most influenced by western culture, as is evident in today’s local life being dwelt in that state. A few words that were coined this way in Malayalam only serve as an example of how the language was deeply impacted by foreigners.
verb. to get something for free at someone’s else expense
This word is believed to be originated from the East India Company times, when there was a facility of sending out official parcels and letters without paying postage. These parcels would be stamped as ‘OCS’, which stood for ‘On Company Service’. The word must have descended into the local language and modified to OC. It is also prevalent in Tamil, and probably made its way into Malayalam through Tamil.
Sir Arthur Rowland Knapp was a British officer of the Indian Civil Services, who served as the collector of the Malabar district of the Madras presidency. His inexperience and lack of knowledge about local customs resulted in most of his administrative reforms being unpopular and fruitless.
It is believed that even after he left from Malabar, Arthur Knapp’s name became synonymous with incompetence, consequently being adopted into Malayalam as Knappan. Though there are no officially documented records of this fact, it is widely believed to be true by literary experts.
adj. unusually huge and/or powerful
This Malayali word originated from from a German battleship named SMS Emden. Because of its military prowess, this ship proved to be a major contributor for the German Navy during World War I. During its war operations in the Bay of Bengal and later, in the Arabian Sea (close to the coast of Kerala), it was responsible for the destruction of many European military and merchant ships.
The main goal of this ship’s operation was to belittle the respect that Indians held for the British. The infamous bombardment of Madras was one of its worst attacks on the British colony. This event, which literally lit up the night sky with the sheer magnitude of the attack, was etched in the minds of the local people for years to come.
The word Yamandan, an adoption of the ship’s name, thus came into the local folklore as a superlative for something large and powerful.
noun. a bully or trouble maker
A minor criminal that has been caught with frequent offences is called as ‘Known Depradator’, or KD, in the Indian Penal code. Even to this date, most police stations are required to keep an account of all the KDs in their district.
-written by Saurabh Bodas. Saurabh is an intern at NewsGram.
Kamal Haasan started his career as a child actor in the 1960 Tamil film Kalathur Kannamma
Kamal Haasan’s one of the movies, Nayagan got included in NDTV’s list “India’s 20 greatest films”
As a producer, Kamal Haasan won a Filmfare Award and National Film Award for his movies Apoorva Sagodharargal and Thevar Magan
Kamal Haasan is a renowned Tamil actor, director and producer, who works primarily in the Tamil film industry. He has also tried his hands at screenwriting, playback singing and choreography. He started his career as a child actor in the 1960 Tamil film Kalathur Kannamma, which won him the President’s, Gold Medal. Since then, he hasn’t looked back and went over to act in over 200 films in several languages including Malayalam, Hindi, Telugu, Kannada and Bengali.
After completing few projects as a child artist he took a break to continue his education. Later, he concentrated on dance choreography and worked as an assistant choreographer. At the same time, he made some unaccredited appearances in a few films which he worked on.
In 1973, Kamal got his first adult role as Thiagu in the film by K. Balachander, whom Kamal Haasan considers as his mentor. He kept on doing small roles in several films such as Sollathaan Ninaikkiren (1973) and Naan Avanillai (1974), most of which were directed by Balachander.
The movie, which got him immense recognition and accolades as an independent lead actor came with the 1974 Malayalam film, Kanyakumari. His acting skills in this movie won him the Filmfare Award for Best Actor (Malayalam). After this success, Kamal Haasan starred in a series of films in both languages—Tamil and Malayalam. His second breakthrough came in Tamil cinema with Balachander’s Apoorva Raagangal. This movie helped him to pocket his second Filmfare Award, his first in Tamil.
Between 1974 and 1978, Kamal Haasan won six Filmfare Awards including four consecutive wins for the Best Actor in Tamil cinema. Shortly after that, under the “Hasan Brothers” banner, Kamal turned producer for Raja Paarvai, in which he played the lead role of a blind musician. The “Hasan Brothers” banner which was later renamed as “Raaj Kamal Films International.”
Kamal Haasan made his entry into Bollywood with Balachander’s Ek Duuje Ke Liye (1981). The movie was a remake of his 1978 Telugu film Maro Charitra. In Moondram Pirai, Kamal Haasan won the Best Actor honours at the National Film Awards and Tamil Nadu State Film Awards for his role of a school teacher who looks after an amnesic girl
As a producer, he also won a Filmfare Award and National Film Award for his movies Apoorva Sagodharargal and Thevar Magan. There are many films featuring Kamal Haasan which have been submitted by India to the Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, the most for any actor in India. Kamal Haasan produced and directed Vishwaroopam in 2013 and won two awards at the 60th National Film Awards.
In 2009, Kamal Haasan reached a new feat of only a few actors in India to have completed 50 years working in cinema.
Take a look at the top Kamal Haasan movies that helped him to reach the pinnacle of success.
Hey Ram is an Indian historical fiction-political thriller film made in both Tamil and Hindi languages. The movie is written, directed and produced by Kamal Haasan, who also acted as the protagonist in the film.
Hey Ram was shown at the International Film Festival of India. It was also picked by Film Federation of India as its submission to the Oscars in the year 2000 but was not nominated. Till now, the movie has garnered three National Film Awards.
Shah Rukh Khan’s Red Chillies Entertainment owns the copyrights to this film
Nayakan is a 1987 Indian Tamil-language crime-drama film based on the real-life Bombay underworld don Varadarajan Mudaliar, and sympathetically depicts the struggle of South Indians living in Bombay.
The movie is written and directed by Mani Ratnam and starring Kamal Haasan. The actress in this movie is Saranya Ponvannan and it was her film debut. Nayakan was released on the occasion of Diwali and received critical acclaim worldwide.
The diligence performance of Kamal Haasan’s earned him the National Film Award for Best Actor. The film also got the National Awards for Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction. In 1988, Nayakan was India’s pick for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 60th Academy Awards but was not nominated.
Even the magazine TIME included Nayagan in its list of “All-Time 100 Best Films”. Later on, Nayagan got included in NDTV’s list “India’s 20 greatest films”.
Thevar Magan is a Tamil film directed by Bharathan. The star cast of the movie includes Sivaji Ganesan, Kamal Haasan, Revathi, Gouthami and Nassar in pivotal roles. Kamal Haasan has himself written the film’s script and produced along with his brother Chandra Haasan under the production company Raaj Kamal Films International. The story revolves around a person named Sakthivel, who returns home to meet his father Periya Thevar who is a respected village chieftain to marry his girlfriend.
The movie bagged a couple of National Film Awards, including the Best Tamil Film Award, Best Supporting Actress Award and a Special Jury Award. The Thevar Magan picked up for the Best Foreign Language Film for the 65th Academy Awards but unfortunately was not nominated.
Vishwaroopam is film written, directed and co-produced by Kamal Haasan, who’s also in the lead role. The movie is an Indian spy thriller. The star cast of the movie has Rahul Bose, Shekhar Kapur, Pooja Kumar, Andrea Jeremiah and Jaideep Ahlawat in supporting roles. The movie is filmed in simultaneously in two languages, Tamil and Hindi
The first teaser of Vishwaroopam was revealed in April 2012 and the theatrical trailer was revealed in June 2012. The movie is the first Indian film to utilize the new Auro 3D sound technology. Also, the film was first Indian film to be released via direct-broadcast satellite, also known as direct-to-home (DTH), but after protests of theatre owners, this plan was dropped.
Vishwaroopam got entangles in legal controversies, as several Muslim civic organizations protested the film’s release in Tamil Nadu, resulting in an official ban being imposed on the film in the state for 15 days by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The ban was spread in major overseas markets like Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Singapore while the release was delayed in the south Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka.
The story and the screenplay of Dasavathaaram were written Kamal Haasan. It is Tamil science fiction disaster film, directed by K. S. Ravikumar. Dasavathaaram stars Kamal Haasan in ten distinct roles. The film had been under production for nearly three years.
The story revolves around bringing together the lives of several individuals beginning with the 12th century and ending with the 21st century.
Anbe Sivam was written by Kamal Haasan, and Madhan provided the dialogues. It is a Tamil-language comedy-drama film directed and co-produced by Sundar C. The story is about an unexpected journey from Bhubaneswar to Chennai undertaken by two men of contrasting personalities, Nallasivam and Anbarasu.
Anbe Sivam was released on a positive count from critics but underperformed at the box office. Despite its failure, Anbe Sivam is now regarded as a classic and a cult film in Tamil cinema.
Michael Madhana Kama Rajan is a Tamil comedy film directed by Singeetam Srinivasa Rao. Michael Madhana Kama Rajan was a blockbuster at the box office and completed 175-day run at the box office.
Mahanadi was directed by Santhana Bharathi and featured Kamal Hassan, Sukanya, and Cochin Haneefa. The story of the movie portrays the grief of a humble villager, who sees his family, the property being ruined. Mahanadi revolves around social issues such as corruption and child trafficking.
The film acclaimed the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.
Sagara Sangamam was a huge box office hit. It was directed by K. Viswanath and produced by Edida Nageswara Rao, casting Kamal Haasan, Jayaprada, Sarath Babu, S. P. Sailaja and Chakri Toleti.
Sagara Sangamam has bagged two National Film Awards, three Filmfare Awards (South), and the Nandi Award for Best Feature Film. Sagara Sangamam is registered among CNN-IBN’s list of hundred greatest Indian films of all time. Sagara Sangamam was also screened at the International Film Festival of India in 1984.
Virumaandi is an action drama film written, co-edited, produced and directed by Kamal Haasan. The film revolves around the interview of two prison inmates, Kothala Thevar and Virumaandi. Both the inmates express how they feel about the direction their lives have taken and how they have ended up where they are.