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Juvenile Justice Act comes into force, juveniles to be tried as adults in heinous crimes

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New Delhi: The controversial Juvenile Justice Act of 2015 came into force on Friday, lowering the culpable age of a juvenile. Such accused can now be tried as adults for heinous crimes.

The act – lowering culpable age from 18 years to 16 years – was passed in the winter session by the Rajya Sabha and received presidential assent on December 31, 2015. It repeals the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000.

Under Section 15 of the new law, special provisions have been made to tackle child offenders in the age group of 16-18 years who commit heinous crimes, a Ministry of Women and Child development release said.

The Juvenile Justice Board is given the option to transfer cases of heinous offences by such children to a children’s court (court of sessions) after conducting preliminary assessment.

The act provides for placing such offender children in a ‘place of safety’ both during and after the trial till they attain the age of 21, after which his/her evaluation shall be conducted by the children’s court.

After the evaluation, the child is either released on probation and if not reformed, he/she will be sent to a jail for the remaining term.

Some other key provisions include new definitions such as orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children; petty, serious and heinous offences committed by children; clarity in powers, function and responsibilities of the Juvenile Justice Board and Child Welfare Committee.

For streamlined and more effective adoption procedures for orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children, the existing Central Adoption Resource Authority has been given statutory body status.

Several rehabilitation and social reintegration measures have been provided for children in conflict with law.

Several new offences committed against children are incorporated in the new law, including sale and procurement of children for any purpose like illegal adoption, corporal punishment in child care institutions, use of children by militant groups, offences against disabled children and kidnapping and abduction of children.

All child care institutions, whether run by the state government or voluntary or non-governmental organisations, are to be registered under the new legislation within six months from the date of commencement. Stringent penalty is provided in case of non-compliance. (IANS)

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Muslim Religious Preacher Nabbed in Kerala for Advising Against Breast Milk

After the arrest of a newborn's father, Kerala Police took a Muslim religious preacher into custody for advising against breast milk for a child until the fifth azan call

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Newly born child
Newly born child. Pixabay

November 5, 2016: After the arrest of a newborn’s father, Kerala Police took a Muslim religious preacher into custody early on Saturday for advising against breast milk for a child until the fifth azan call.

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The arrest took place after a mother, despite repeated persuasions by the doctor and paramedical staff, refused to breast feed her second child following the delivery on Wednesday at 1.30 p.m. due to religious reasons.

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Abubacker, the father of the newborn was also taken into custody on Friday and after questioning him, the police called in Hydrose Thangal on Saturday morning and took him into custody.

Speaking to IANS, a police officer said both of them will be produced in court later in the day.

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The police has registered a case against the parents under the Juvenile Justice Act for denying the infant his right. (IANS)