Thursday February 27, 2020

Key facts regarding China’s invasion of Tibet

A glimpse of how China has destroying Tibet's land and culture

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A Tibean monastery Image: Wikimedia Commons

By Shubhi Mangla

Tibet is located in the center of Asia and south west China bordering Nepal, Bhutan, India and Burma.  It is a vast plateau with an altitude of 15,000 above sea level. It comprises of a unique culture, language and regional and political system.

In 1949, when Chairman Mao came to power, he peacefully liberated Tibet and sent troops to conquer it. Tibet being a small territory with a not so large army was easily crushed by the Chinese army. In 1951, an agreement took place between the Tibetan government and China, which acknowledged China’s sovereignty over Tibet while giving the Tibetan government the autonomy regarding Tibet’s internal matters. But over the years, the Chinese have violated this treaty and established greater control.

A simple map of the three traditional provinces of Tibet overlaid on a map of modern provincial boundaries of the People's Republic of China. Source : Wikimedia Common
A simple map of the three traditional provinces of Tibet overlaid on a map of modern provincial boundaries of the People’s Republic of China.
Source : Wikimedia Commons

Today Tibet has been divided, renamed and integrated into Chinese provinces. Originally, Tibet has three provinces− Kham, U-Tsang and Amdo. When Tibet is referred in the context of China, it means the region of U-Tsang and part of Kham. The remaining part of Kham was divided between Yunnan and Sichuan Chinese provinces and Amdo between Gansu, Sichuan and Qinghai.

China has imposed harsh policies over Tibet. They have destroyed their natural resources and claim that Tibet has been a part of China since 800 years without any facts. They have denied them from basic human rights including right to speak.

Related : Watch video on why Tibet is burning?

Dalai Lama XIV Source: Wikimedia Commons
Dalai Lama XIV
Source: Wikimedia Commons

There have been many protests by Tibetans to protect their land and their spiritual and political leader, Dalai Lama which has only led to Tibetans sacrificing their lives. During the uprising of 1959, Dali Lama Dalai Lama took an exile in India with his followers. He and his followers are thriving to make Tibet an independent and democratic state since years.

 

Here are some facts regarding Tibet

  • About 1.2 million people have lost their lives after China’s invasion of Tibet in 1950. It is hard to find a family who didn’t have at least on member jailed or killed by the Chinese. Approximately 17 percent of Tibetan population has been killed.
Tibetan monk self immolates in Nepal Image: voanews
Tibetan monk self immolates in Nepal
Image: voanews
  • Tibet’s rivers provide water to over 1 billion people across Asia. Tibetan plateau is the third largest source of water and ice in the world. Its glaciers, rivers, forests and wetland are important resources for China’s global power.
  • China uses torture to make Tibetans confess their crimes if they don’t confess out of fear. According to The Guardian, “Chinese security agents continue to employ a medieval array of torture methods against government opponents, activists, lawyers and petitioners, including spiked rods, iron torture chairs and electric batons, a report claims”.
  • There is mass immigration of Chinese in Tibetan region. Tibetans have less as compared to the Chinese people in their own land and have been reduced to the status of a minority.
  • According to freetibet.org, “Over 100 counties have achieved independence in the time that Tibet has been occupied”.
  • The so called Tibetan Autonomous Region of China covers an area of 1,220,000 square kilometers which accounts for 12 percent of China’s total area. This tells us how Tibet is being wiped off the map.
  • Tibetan monasteries are a key part of their rich cultural and religious significance where Tibetan Monks and nuns hold educational projects, old age homes and orphanages. Large number of monasteries has been destroyed since 1960s as the Chinese consider them as a threat. 99% of them are closed due to communist rule.
  • It is one of the most repressed countries in the world alongside Saudi Arabia, North Korea and Syria.

Shubhi Mangla is an intern at Newsgram and a student of Journalism and Mass Communication in New Delhi. Twitter @shubhi_mangla

  • Pritam Go Green

    Say hello to United States. Yes this is the desired help we need in order to stop China . First South China Sea and now Tibet. I mean what are these Chinese people trying to prove ? Probably take over the entire world -__-

  • Pashchiema Bhatia

    Tibet is in pathetic situation. Something has to be done in order to stop China or else Tibet would surely lose its identity

SHARE
  • Pritam Go Green

    Say hello to United States. Yes this is the desired help we need in order to stop China . First South China Sea and now Tibet. I mean what are these Chinese people trying to prove ? Probably take over the entire world -__-

  • Pashchiema Bhatia

    Tibet is in pathetic situation. Something has to be done in order to stop China or else Tibet would surely lose its identity

Next Story

China Uses Twitter and WeChat to Track Users Who Share Information About COVID-19

China using WeChat, Twitter to track people sharing COVID-19 info

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China WeChat Twitter
China is making use of Twitter and WeChat to track down people who share information about the coronavirus epidemic. Pixabay

In a bid to hunt down novel coronavirus critics, China is making use of Twitter and WeChat to track down people who share information what officials consider as “negative information” about the deadly outbreak.

People who have shared information about the virus that originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan describe relatively tame social media interactions that nonetheless resulted in both direct and indirect responses from the Chinese government, the Vice reported on Monday.

The outbreak of novel coronavirus has become a subject of disagreement in China, also giving way to online protests like the one following the death of whistleblower Li Wenliang racking up angry reactions that are then swiftly taken down.

The hashtag “I want freedom of speech” spread on the Chinese social media site Weibo in the hours after Li’s death, racking up two million posts that were removed by the following day, The Verge reported quoting NPR.

China WeChat Twitter
People who have shared information on WeChat or Twitter about the virus that originated in Chinadescribe relatively tame social media interactions. Wikimedia Commons

According to reports, a man based in the country said that officials visited him at his home in the industrial city of Dongguan after he responded to a tweet that was critical of how the Chinese officials handled the spread of coronavirus.

The officials told him that his tweet was an attack on the Chinese government. His phone was confiscated, and he was forced to sign a statement saying he would not repeat the so-called threat, the Vice report added.

Meanwhile, the coronavirus outbreak has handed a blow to the tech industry. The MWC 2020 in Barcelona had to be cancelled after the outbreak spread.

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The coronavirus death toll in mainland China has increased to 2,663 with 77,658 confirmed cases, health authorities said on Tuesday.

The National Health Commission said that it received reports of 508 new cases and 71 deaths on Monday from 31 provincial-level regions on the mainland. (IANS)