In 2 days from now, USA Presidential primaries will see Super-Tuesday when 12 states will hold the primaries to choose their party nominees. The fight is on!
As Voice of America reports: “In coming days, Americans could have a much better sense of who will be this year’s Republican and Democratic Presidential nominees. 12 states hold primary elections or caucuses Tuesday, and, in most of those states, polls show Republican front-runner Donald Trump and Democratic front-runner Hillary Clinton with substantial leads.”
Yesterday, in the democratic primaries held in South Carolina, Hillary Clinton easily beat the Democrat socialist Bernie Sanders, making the road tough for the latter. While among the Republicans, the billionaire business, often outspoken, Mr Donald Trump is leading the path with clear victories. However, Republicans Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz -even though trailing behind, have vowed to continue their fight. The verdict on super-Tuesday will be crucial for the candidates.
Primaries are elections where party members or voters vote for their candidate of choice within the party in the fight for the Presidential nomination. The winner from each party then goes to face the Presidential elections, held in November. This year, as Obama ends his 8 years of Presidency, the November elections will see a new President in office. The new President will be sworn in January of 2017.
Primaries or caucuses are part of inner-party democracy in the USA. Here, the candidates are not imposed from above, ie, high command. Rather the ticket aspirants have to fight among themselves (via elections) to secure the nomination.
USA has the Presidential system of governance. The term of President is for four years and an individual can not occupy the office for more than 2 terms. The President forms the executive branch of the democracy while the Congress does the legislative work.
The video is brought to you by NewsGram in collaboration with Voice of America.
U.S. President Donald Trump said Monday the United States is not backing down on its decision to impose 25 percent tariffs on steel imports and 10 percent tariffs on imported aluminum products, despite growing pressure from political and diplomatic allies and U.S. companies to pull back from a policy that could spark a trade war.
Before a White House meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Trump suggested Mexico and Canada could be exempted from the planned tariffs if a new and “fair” North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is reached.
“For many years, NAFTA has been a disaster,” Trump said. “We are renegotiating NAFTA as I said I would, and if we don’t make a deal I will terminate NAFTA. But if I do make a deal which is fair to the workers and to the American people, that would be, I would imagine, one of the points that we’ll negotiate. It will be tariffs on steel for Canada and for Mexico.”
The three countries are currently working to revise NAFTA, with the latest round of talks wrapping up in Mexico City.
Economist Gary Hufbauer of the Washington-based Peterson Institute for International Economics told VOA that people in Canada and Mexico see the Trump approach as bullying, and that their officials are less likely to make concessions that look like giving in to a bully. He also said those asking Trump to back off the tariff plan are right to fear a trade war.
“Whether we get to a trade war will depend very much on the reacting of other countries,” Hufbauer said. “The tariffs alone aren’t a trade war, but if other countries react by putting fairly strong restrictions on U.S. exports you can say we’re edging into a trade battle and it may escalate to a trade war.”
Trump’s decision to impose steep tariffs on steel and aluminum imports has drawn strong condemnation from some in his own Republican party and from U.S. trading partners around the world. Analysts warned the tariffs will hurt many U.S. allies.
Ryan is ‘extremely worried’
In a rare break with the White House, House Speaker Paul Ryan and other key Republican lawmakers are trying to convince Trump to change his mind and not impose the tariffs. Ryan and the others say the tariffs would hurt consumers because they could lead businesses to impose higher prices and undercut any positive effect the recent Republican-approved tax cuts would have on the U.S. economy.
The motorcycle maker Harley-Davidson Inc. is headquartered in Ryan’s home state and is being targeted by Europe in retaliation for Trump’s plan to impose steel and aluminum tariffs.
Ryan spokeswoman AshLee Strong said in a statement, “We are extremely worried about the consequences of a trade war and are urging the White House to not advance with this plan. The new tax reform law has boosted the economy and we certainly don’t want to jeopardize those gains.”
White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said the administration has a “great relationship” with speaker Ryan, but “that doesn’t mean we have to agree on everything.” Sanders added, “the President has been committed and talked about this for many years, particularly on the campaign trail, and the people came out loud and clear and supported this president, therefore supporting the policies he campaigned on.”
Sanders said the administration is still finalizing the details of the measure, and she did not want to provide more information on the decision ahead of the final announcement.
President Trump tweeted last Friday that “trade wars are good, and easy to win.” When asked to elaborate, Sanders said “the President feels if we ended up in a trade war, the President is confident we will win, but that’s not the goal, the goal is to get “free, fair, and reciprocal trade, and hope other countries will join him.”
Trump told reporters he does not believe his plan to impose the aluminum and steel tariffs will spark a trade war.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the tariffs are “absolutely unacceptable.”
In 2016, the last year with complete government statistics, the United States reported it sent $12.5 billion more in goods and services to Canada than it imported, while it had a $55.6 billion trade deficit with Mexico.
Canada is the largest U.S. trading partner and last year shipped $7.2 billion worth of aluminum and $4.3 billion of steel to the United States.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s threatened the European Union could respond by taxing iconic American-made products, such as bourbon whiskey, blue jeans and Harley-Davidson.
To this, Trump responded, “People have to understand, our country, on trade, has been ripped off by virtually every country in the world, whether it’s friend or enemy, everybody. China, Russia, and people we think are wonderful, the European Union, we can’t do business in there, they don’t allow.”
$800 billion lost a year
Trump contended the EU has “trade barriers far worse than tariffs.” He said, “If they want to do something, we’ll just tax their cars that they send in here like water.”
Trump added, the U.S. lost $800 billion a year on trade, and the biggest problem is China. He said, “we lost $500 billion. How previous presidents allow that to happen is disgraceful, but we’re going to take care of it.”
In 2017, Canada, Brazil, South Korea and Mexico accounted for nearly half of all U.S. steel imports. That year, Chinese steel accounted for less than 2 percent of overall U.S. imports. VOA