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April 25, 2017: Lagori, Kancha, Gilli-danda, Kho Kho – any of these names sound familiar? If you’re in your 40s or 50s, this mention is bound to evoke a torrent of nostalgia for the memories of summer days spent playing outdoors with friends. If you’re in your 20s or 30s, your parents and grandparents could tell you a tale or two about why the mere mention of these games makes them teary-eyed.
But what about the children of this generation have the same memories who prefer to spend their time playing video games in a virtual world? They should know about a few such forgotten yet interesting games.
1. Kancha or Marbles: This game is still a popular among kids in rural areas. The game is played with round glass marbles. The rules are simple; the motive is to collect as many marbles as possible by shooting and striking other marbles with the ones you have. The game can be played by any number of people.
2. Chain: Another classic children’s game that is losing popularity now is chain. The game can be played by any number of people, usually not more than 10. The game consists of a ‘denner’, whose mission is to catch the other players. If the denner catches another player, the player becomes part of a chain formed by holding hands and then has to help the denner to catch the remaining players.
3. Lagori or Pithu: A once-popular game among kids in India, It involves a ball and a pile of flat stones stacked on top of each other. One member of a team throws the ball at the stack to knock the stones over and the team then tries to restore the pile of stones while the opposing team ( known as the hitters) throws the ball at them. If the ball touches a person, he is out and his team has to continue without him. This game is played by two teams, any number of members.
4. Hopscotch or Stapoo: Hopscotch can be played by one or more people. It is a popular playground game in which players have to throw a small object into numbered spaces of a pattern of rectangles marked on the ground and then hop or jump through the spaces on one or two legs to retrieve the object.
5. Chhupam Chuupai or Hide-n-Seek: Hide and Seek is a very popular children’s game that can be played by any umber of players. The players hide themselves in a marked area, to be found by one or more seekers/denners. The denner closes his eyes and counts till a certain number, after which he looks for the hidden players.
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6. Chor-Sipahi or Tag: Chor-Sipahi, the Indian equivalent of the western game “Tag” is played by two teams with any number of people. One team is of thieves (chor) and the other team is of sipahi (police). The sipahi team tries and catch the chor, after which the turn changes (that is, the chor become the sipahi and vice versa).
7. Four Corners: Four corners is a game often played by primary school children. The game needs 5 players. Four corners are designated, and one of the players is chosen as being “it”. The rule is; the remaining players have to swap corners without being caught by “it”. If a player is caught by “it” or is without a free corner to stand in, he has to become “it”.
8. Lattoo: Lattoo is a game that can be played by one or more people.It involves spinning a wooden top (lattoo), which has grooves in it lower half and a nail at the bottom, on which it spins. A thick string is wrapped around the grooves on lower half. Pulling the string makes the top spin.
9.Gilli-Danda: Gilli Danda is a game very similar to cricket and baseball; played in two teams. The game is played with a small piece of wood reduced on both sides known as gilli and a large piece of wood that is used to hit the gilli known as danda. The aim of the game is to hit the gilli as far as possible.
10. Langdi: Langdi is a popular children’s game, especially in the state of Maharashtra. The game consists of two teams, each team has 12 players. The team that wins the toss defends first. A player is sent by the opposing team to tag as many defenders as he can, while hopping on one foot. The team that tags the most defenders ends up victorious.
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11. Dog and the Bone: The game consists of two teams of usually 5-10 members each, and an object such as a bottle or handkerchief, which is designated as the “bone.” A player from each team has to come forward and attempt to take the bone placed at the centre of the playing area back to his team. The player who fails to take the bone will go out of the game.
12. Maram Pitthi: A game, played in two teams, is very similar to dodgeball. The teams scatter around in a large area and players from a team try to hit players of the opposing team with a ball (usually made of sponge). If a player is hit, he is out of the game. Passing between players of the same team is allowed.
13. Vish Amrit: It is the Indian version of the game “lock and key”, played by any number of players. The mission of the denner is to touch the other players, giving them vish. As soon as vish is given the person stays there until teammates give him/her amrit. The game ends when all players have been caught and no one is left to give amrit.
14. Kho-Kho: The game consists of two teams of nine players each, who are required to chase down and tag the players of the opposite team to win the game. The chasing team sends out nine players onto the field, who have to sit in a straight line with alternate players facing opposite sides. The chasers have to make sure they catch the runners who enter the field one at a time before time runs out.
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15. Kabaddi: Indian origin game Kabaddi was on its way to extinction, but is now regaining its popularity. There are several forms of the game, but most involve two teams of seven players each. The teams have a designated area of their own. Players have to raid the other team’s area and try and touch one of their players, hence making the touched player “out.”
It is time we make sure this very interesting games don’t go extinct, It is important for today’s virtual generation to acknowledge these amazing games and participate and enjoy these.
– by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter: @dubumerang
The symbol of Swastika is known to signify peace, prosperity, and good fortune in the religious cultures of Eurasia. In fact, this symbol is considered very significant in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. But, at the same time, it has become one of the most misunderstood religious symbols and has been globally banned in many countries.
The reason why the symbol of Swastika is banned in many countries is because of its association with Adolf Hitler's extreme political ideology, Nazism, as Swastika as its official symbol.
Austria, France, Latvia, Spain, Germany, and Russia are amongst the many countries that have banned the display and use of the Swastika.
Moreover, last week Victoria in Australia is preparing to become the first-ever state to ban the public display of the Swastika. This is a step towards an expansion of anti-vilification laws in the state.
Representation of the Swastika on the flag of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Movement.Photo by Flickr.
Now, we must know and understand what went wrong with this symbol, which is sacred and signifies all-good things.
For a very, very long time, in India, the Swastika is the first emblem that is worshipped or even drawn before any sacred and auspicious ceremonies as this symbol in Sanskrit represents 'well-being'. But, the Swastika lost all its credibility when it was wrongfully used by Adolf Hitler.
In fact, it is believed that if this symbol is worshipped properly, then it gives positive results. But if it is abused, then it gives negative results. So, when Adolf Hitler rotated the Swastika at 45 degrees, it slowly and steadily brought misery not only to Adolf Hitler and his theory of Nazism but also to all the people who were associated with him.
Therefore, in order to give the kind of respect and credibility which the Swastika deserves, World Interfaith Harmony Week which was held in New York in February this year, interfaith groups appealed to the United Nations to recognize and acknowledge the Swastika as an important and peaceful symbol. In fact, they also differentiated it from the Hakenkreuz or "Hooked Cross" of Adolf Hitler.
India celebrated a historic day on August 7, as 23-year-old Neeraj Chopra became the first Indian to win an Olympic gold medal in athletics. In the men's javelin throw event, he achieved his greatest triumph, throwing the javelin 87.58 meters on his second try.
Neeraj Chopra was born on December 24, 1997, in Khandra village in Haryana's Panipat district. He grew up in a Haryanavi family of farmers. He is the brother of two sisters. He graduated from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Chandigarh and is now enrolled in Lovely Professional University in Jalandhar, Punjab, pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree. Chopra was bullied due to his obesity as a kid, which prompted his father to enroll him in a nearby gym. He then joined a gym in Panipat, where Jaiveer Choudhary, a javelin thrower, noticed his potential and coached him. When the 13-year-old Chopra finished training under Jaiveer for a year, he was enrolled at the Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex in Panchkula, where he began training under coach Naseem Ahmed.
In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018. | Wikimedia Commons
Chopra's first international medal came in 2014, as he took home a silver medal at the Youth Olympic Qualification Tournament in Bangkok. In 2015, he set a world record in the junior category of 81.04 meters in the 2015 All India Inter-University Athletics Meet.
Since emerging into the public eye with a historic gold medal at the junior world championships in 2016, he has maintained a high level of performance, setting an Under-20 world record of 86.48m, which still stands. Gold medals in both the 2018 Commonwealth Games and the 2018 Asian Games are among his other accomplishments, including a first-place in the 2017 Asian Championships. In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018.
Chopra has also had his share of bad events in life. In 2019, he underwent surgery on the elbow of his right throwing arm, which kept him out of the game for almost a year. However, he returned more robust than ever. In November 2019, he went to South Africa to train from Klaus Bartoneitz. He spent the following year in India training at the NIS Patiala because of the COVID-19 pandemic. He was allowed to go to France with his coach after weeks of trying to get a travel visa.
Neeraj Chopra made history in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics by becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal in athletics. Also, it is worth mentioning that after Abhinav Bindra, Chopra is only the second Indian to win an individual gold medal.
Keywords: Neeraj Chopra, Olympics, Tokyo2020, Gold medal, javelin, India, Haryana
The emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Victorian England brought with it many apprehensions and fears that translated into a new genre in literature: the gothic. Today, the idea of the gothic does not have to much with literature as much as it is associated with fashion.
The Victorians began to wear black more often during the Industrial Revolution to hide the stains of soot on their clothes. Many of the working class were employed in factories. They were newly introduced to technology, the idea of coal as fuel, and the working of machines to serve a certain purpose. This kind of work was hard and messy. Wearing light colours burdened the tired folk when the stubborn stains did not get washed away.
The steam engine was invented to make locomotion easier for the masses, but it brought fear to the people. They had led quiet and simple lives till now, and suddenly their world was infiltrated with loud noises and smoke. Dark places became synonymous with evil deeds and mysteries. It was from this time that horror gained a place in the imaginations of people and artists.
A man sporting gothic clothes and shock coloured hair Image source: wikimedia commons
The gothics of today are those who have held on to these practices. There is no need to fear smoke and noise anymore, but the goths wear black clothes all the time, paint their skin a pale shade, to contrast their clothes, and wear bright shades of red. The traditional gothics decorated themselves with jewellery bearing religious significances, as the belief in Dracula and vampires emerged in the Victorian period. Today, it is a trend to wear studded crosses, or crosses made of black metal either as neck chokers, or earrings.
Modern goths also wear bright monotones to show their patronage of a certain style or order of the goths. They can be seen in neon shades of green, pink, and yellow, often sporting piercings, and matching hair. Their tastes are metallic, and they have an uncanny love for tattoos.
Designers consistently include gothic tastes and styles in their clothing lines to create inclusivity for this subculture. Being gothic, or identifying with them is somewhat a concern even in today's society, and such people are often stigmatised to the extent that it is considered a mental illness associated with the dark arts. The phenomenon is mostly observed in teenagers, and often phases out when they reach adulthood, depending on their sphere of influence.
Keywords: Gothic, Fashion, Victorian, Black, Jewellery