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Arzoo Lakhnavi: Poet for every class of people

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Source:urduyouthforum.org
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By Vikas Datta

One problem a layman has with appreciating Urdu poetry is that their vocabulary may not encompass its ornate richness drawn from a variety of languages. Many gems are thus fated to remain mysterious to them unless decoded – and like jokes, poetry needing to be explained tends to lose its effect. But there is also the kind its creators wanted to be intelligible to a wider section – like by this poet who not only wrote in simple Urdu but also pioneered his craft’s enduring tryst with the Hindi film industry.

Much before the likes of Majrooh Sultanpuri, Sahir Ludhianvi or Shakeel Badayuni arrived, he was responsible for crafting lyrics for the earliest superstars – K.L. Saigal (“Karun kya aas niras bhayi”; “Dushman”, 1939) and Kanan Devi (“Lachhami murat daras dikhaaye”; “Street Singer”, 1938) as well as some of the earliest featuring emerging stars like Madhubala (“Aayi Bhor Suhani”; “Beqasoor”, 1950), and more.

Among the first mainstream poets to write lyrics for the fledgling film industry – beginning with Calcutta’s New Theatres in the 1930s before shifting to Bombay in 1942, Syed Anwar Hussain ‘Arzoo Lakhnavi’ (1873-1951) was an outstanding representative of ‘Dabistan-e-Lakhnau’ or the Lucknow School of Urdu poetry. However while retaining the tradition’s motifs and focus, he chose a straighter style over its intricate flourishes, and use only Urdu without recourse to Arabic or Persian – despite his considerable knowledge of both.

With both father Mir Zakir Hussain ‘Yas’ and elder brother Mir Yusuf Hussain ‘Qayas’ poets, Arzoo had his path set out for him and took to it with gusto. Like his father, he was a ‘shagird’ of Syed Zaman Ali ‘Jalal Lakhnavi’ (1831-1909) but went much further, guiding the other disciples during his mentor’s lifetime and becoming their ‘ustad’ after his death.

In his poetry, Arzoo acknowledged his work was reminiscent of Mir and Ghalib but also his desire of being different from them, or his contemporaries like Dagh Dehlvi and others. And as his work shows, he did succeed in stiking his own distinctive course – take the opening lines of his collection “Sureeli Bansuri” which are one of his most famous couplets: “Jis ne banayi bansuri, geet usi ke gaaye jaa/Saans jab tak aaye jaaye, ek hi dhun bajaaye jaa”.

Even when dealing with beauty, love and courtship – a staple though not the sole focus of the Lucknow School or the whole tradition itself, he could be different: “Dafattan tarq-e-taaluq mein bhi rusvaai hai/Uljhe daman ko churhate nahi jhatka de kar”, or, “Kis ne bheegi huye baalon se jhatka pani/Jhoom ke aayi ghata, toot ke barsa paani” or even “Allah Allah husn ke ye parda-daari dekhiye/Bhed jis ne kholna chaha voh deewana huya”.

Arzoo too could create some unique imagery in those familiar settings, be it the tavern: “Haath se kisi ne saghir patka mausam ki be-kaifi par/Toot ke itna barsa badal dhoob chala maikhana bhi” or the mehfil: “Awwal-e-shab voh bazm ki raunaq shama bhi parvana bhi/Raat ke akhi hote hote khatam tha yeh afsana bhi”.

But it was not these pleasant diversions only and he, like Mir, could touch a note of melancholy and loneliness too: “Dil hai voh ujdaa huya ghar bujh chuka jis ka chiragh/Aankhen kuch dekhen to batlayen ke kya kya lut gaya” or “Jab koyal kook sunaati hai to pati pati lahrati hai/Ham kisi se kahen aur kaun sune, hamdard hamara koi nahi”.

This could also extend to a sort of hopelessness towards life and its purpose: “Hamari zindagi to ek guzar gah havadis hai/Ajab hai shamaa ka aandhi ke jhonkon main basar karna” or: “Har gul ko is chaman mein kya zarq barq paya/Dekha to ek jana sungha to farq paya” and “Koi hasrat mein dil ka sarmaya/Kuch kahi kuch kahi padha paya” or even maybe: “Hasti ki haqeeqat ko gar bad fanaa jaana/Ab soche to kya soche ab jaana to kya jaana”.

There is all this and much more in the 25,000 ghazals attributed to him and collected in seven ‘divans’ of which the one cited above as well as “Fughan-e-Arzoo” and “Jaan-e-Arzoo” are the most known.

In his film career, he was as versatile. If in Saigal’s “Street Singer”, he could pen “Jeevan been madhur na baaje jhoote padh gaye taar/Bigde kaath se kaam bane kya megh baje na malhaar”, he could also compose ghazal “Sukoon dil ko mayassar gul-o-samar mein nahi/Jo aashiyaan mein hai apne vah bagh bhar men nahi”.

Conferred the title of ‘Allama’ – restricted to less than half-a-dozen literary giants, Arzoo and his poetry epitomise the Indian ethos – and deserves we continue to give him his due. (IANS)

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Top 10 Best Movies of Sonakshi Sinha

Sonakshi Sinha is a multi-talented Bollywood actress and has made a lasting impact on the industry since her debut.

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Sonakshi Sinha, Wikimedia

By Ruchika Verma

  • Sonakshi Sinha is one of the most loved actresses in Bollywood  today
  • Sonakshi has made a lasting impact in the industry from the moment of her debut
  • Sonakshi Sinha’s movies are always entertaining because of their storylines and Sonakshi’s brilliant performances

Sonakshi Sinha is a multi-talented Bollywood actress who has made a lasting impact on the industry since her debut. She is a very talented singer, dancer and actor who has been making waves in Bollywood because of her bold statements and outlook on life.

Sonakshi Sinha has made a name for herself, overcoming her parent's shadow.
Sonakshi Sinha has made a name for herself, overcoming her parent’s shadow. Wikimedia Commons

Sonakshi is the daughter of legendary actor Shatrughan Sinha and beautiful Poonam Sinha. She has been successful in stepping out of her parent’s shadow and making a name of her own in the Bollywood.

Here is the list of her top 10 best Bollywood movies, which showcases her talent aptly :

 Dabangg 

Sonakshi Sinha made her debut in the Bollywood with this movie, alongside the superstar Salman Khan. Although critics slammed her role as a damsel in this film, she still managed to garner attention and appreciation because of her excellent acting skills. Her dialogue delivery and attitude were also appreciated.

Dabangg 2

Dabangg 2 was the sequel to her debut movie, Dabangg. She reprises her role in this film along with Salman Khan. Sonakshi Sinha played the role of Salman’s wife in this movie with perfection. Her character was much stronger than the previous film and she did complete justice to it. Her comic timing and emotional scenes were both worth applauding.

You may also like: Salman Khan starrer Bharat will release on Eid 2019 

Dabangg 2 was one of the Sonakshi's bigger hits Picture credit: wallpapers99.com
Dabangg 2 was one of the Sonakshi’s bigger hits Picture credit: wallpapers99.com

Lingaa

In this movie, Sonakshi Sinha got the opportunity to star opposite none other than the superstar, Rajinikanth. Lingaa was a Tamil movie that was also released in Hindi. Sonakshi’s performance was outstanding and garnered many positive reviews. It is not easy to work besides Rajinikanth and not get overshadowed, but Sonakshi managed to shine through in this film with her brilliant performance.

Rowdy Rathore

It was another movie where Sonakshi Sinha proved her mettle as an actress. Rowdy Rathore was a remake of Telugu film directed by Prabhu Deva, and starred Akshay Kumar opposite Sonakshi Sinha in the lead role. Sonakshi’s pretty face added freshness to the film and her acting and on point expressions made this otherwise serious movie, fun to watch. Her chemistry with Akshay Kumar was also appreciated.

Sonakshi has worked with Prabhu Deva many times. Wikimedia Commons
Sonakshi has worked with Prabhu Deva many times. Wikimedia Commons

 Lootera

Based on O. Henry’s short story, ‘The Last Leaf, Lootera was one brilliant movie. It is said to be one of the Sonakshi’s best performances till date. She pulled off her role very well and with ease. Sonakshi achieved a lot of critical acclaim for this film. Her chemistry with Ranveer Singh was also appreciated.

Tevar

Tevar was one of the most entertaining movies, it is also one of the best movies that Sonakshi Sinha acted in. She starred opposite Arjun Kapoor and performed with finesse. Tevar couldn’t do well at the box office, but Sonakshi’s performance was highly appreciated.

Sonakshi Sinha's most films have performed well at the box office, proving her competence as an actress. Wikimedia Commons
Sonakshi Sinha’s most films have performed well at the box office, proving her competence as an actress. Wikimedia Commons

R… Rajkumar

R… Rajkumar was the movie where Sonakshi Sinha proved her mettle as a dancer. She starred opposite Shahid Kapoor and was applauded for her dance numbers and chemistry with him. The movie was also a hit and Sonakshi was highly appreciated for her acting skills. Sonakshi Sinha decided to stay classy and her decency certainly paid off.

Holiday: A Soldier Is Never Off Duty

The ‘Holiday’ was an action thriller, and Sonakshi once again proved her mettle as an actor. The movie stars Akshay Kumar alongside her in the lead roles. Although the movie revolved around Akshay’s characters, Sonakshi delivered a powerful performance. Her role as a sportsperson was applauded by both audiences and critics.

Action Jackson

Action Jackson was yet another action comedy, and Sonakshi Sinha once again collaborated with Prabhu Deva to deliver a hit. She stared along Ajay Devgn and Yami Gautam in the movie. Sonakshi’s role of a simple working woman impressed the audience, and her chemistry with Ajay was also appreciated.

Sonakshi Sinha has done many action movies throughout her career. Wikimedia Commons
Sonakshi Sinha has done many action movies throughout her career. Wikimedia Commons

Once Upon Ay Time in Mumbai Dobaara!

Once Upon Ay Time in Mumbai, which was one of the best movies made on the topic of the underworld, and it was the prequel to this movie. Sonakshi was cast opposite Imran Khan and her performance was highly appreciated.