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Bacterial infection in pregnancy may up autism risk in kids

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Bacterial infection in pregnancy may up autism risk in kids. Pixabay

New York, September 15, 2017: Babies born to mothers who experience a bacterial infection severe enough to require hospitalisation during pregnancy may be at higher risk of developing autism, a study has found.

The study, conducted on mice, revealed that the composition of bacterial populations in the mother’s digestive tract can influence whether maternal infection leads to repetitive behaviour and impaired sociability — autistic-like behaviours in offspring.

Further, irregularities that the researchers call “patches” are most common in a part of the brain known as “S1DZ” and were responsible for the behavioural abnormalities seen in mice.

“We identified a very discrete brain region that seems to be modulating all the behaviours associated with this particular model of neurodevelopmental disorder,” said Gloria Choi, Assistant Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in the paper appearing in the journal Nature.

A second study in the same jounal, revealed that not all mothers who experience severe infection end up having child with autism, and similarly not all the mice in the maternal inflammation model develop behavioural abnormalities.

“This suggests that inflammation during pregnancy is just one of the factors. It needs to work with additional factors to lead all the way to that outcome,” Choi said.

Moreover, the researchers found that only the offspring of mice with one specific type of harmless bacteria, known as segmented filamentous bacteria, had behavioural abnormalities and cortical patches.

When the researchers killed those bacteria with antibiotics, the mice produced normal offspring.

If validated in human studies, the findings could offer a possible way to reduce the risk of autism, which would involve blocking the function of certain strains of bacteria found in the maternal gut, the researchers noted. (IANS)

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Wonder Woman Gal Gadot says second pregnancy was ‘part of the plan’

Gal Gadot was in the early stages of her pregnancy while filming "Justice League".

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Gal Gadot talks about her well-planned pregnancy. Wikimedia

Los Angeles, November 6, 2017 : Actress Gal Gadot had planned her second pregnancy well so that it caused minimal disruption to her work commitments.

The 32-year-old actress – who has daughters Alma, six, and Maya, seven months, with husband Yaron Versano – says she knew she wanted a second child, but wanted to plan it carefully, reports femalefirst.co.uk.

“I scheduled it so I wasn’t going to be too pregnant for ‘Justice League’ or when I promoted ‘Wonder Woman’. I had a lot of luck. It’s been difficult, but I had wanted to have a second child for a while,” Gadot told Glamour magazine.

She was in the early stages of her pregnancy while filming “Justice League”.

“It was challenging with morning sickness and migraines. But you adjust. You get used to feeling like s**t and having to perform,” she said, and added that working with the likes of Ben Affleck, Jason Momoa, Henry Cavill and Ezra Miller in the movie was fun”.

“Making the film with so many men, I’ve never felt so safe. Big men!”

The success of “Wonder Woman” led to several offers come her way, but Gal Gadot remains grounded.

“I’m super-appreciative because I know it’s all a big game and the rules are known in advance. When you’re successful, the phone will ring, if a film flops, there will be crickets. So I take everything with a grain of salt and enjoy it while it’s there,” she added. (IANS)

 

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Drinking Wine Weekly May Improve Pregnancy Chances, says Study

The study conducted by researchers at Washington University in the US, claimed that women who are trying to conceive may have better chance at it, if they happen to drink red wine once every week.

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Drinking Wine may improve the chances of pregnancy. Pixabay.
  • It was found that women who consumed wine, especially red wine, for more than five times in a month had a high ovarian reserve which depicts a woman’s reproductive health.
  • The study also stated that drinking wine would help only in improving the ovarian reserve and had no connection with a fertility of pregnant or potential conceiving women.
  • Red wine contains resveratrol which acts as an antioxidant protecting cell against biological stress and is a rich source of blueberries, red grapes and cocoa.

A study in the US, as reported by PTI, stated that women who are looking forward to conceive may have their chances increased by drinking wine once every week.

As a part of the study conducted by Washington University in the US, 135 women with age range of 18 to 44 years, were taken into consideration for a month for analysing the impact of drinking wine -red or white, beer and spirits. Ultrasound scanners were used to count each woman’s antral follicles for the month.

Drinking wine
Ovarian Reserve in women increases by drinking wine once a week. Pixabay.

-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana

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Why is Kalki Koechlin Reading about Pregnancy and Post-birth Behavioral Changes? Should we expect ‘good news’ soon?

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Bollywood actress Kalki Koechlin. Wikimedia

Mumbai, October 22, 2017: Actress Kalki Koechlin, who will next be seen in “Ribbon” where she is playing a young mother of a newborn baby girl, took some training on how to take care of a baby including changing nappies, for her role.

Kalki said that since she is playing a mother for the first time, it was quite fascinating for her prepare for the role, especially spending time with the baby girl, as a co-actor of the film.

ALSO READ Just in! Kalki has a crush on this Bollywood actor!

“I read various books on pregnancy and post birth behavioral changes because of that time, a woman body goes through hormonal changes. Rakhee (Sandilya, the director of the film) has a friend who is a new mother, so I used to spend a lot of time with her, learnt how to change nappy, how to give oil massage to the baby, a lot of things, I think I am a pro on that,” Kalki told IANS.

The story of “Ribbon” revolves around a young couple of where Kalki Koechlin is playing a girl, who has a journey from being single to a mother of a four-year-old daughter.

The film also features Sumeet Vyas and is scheduled to release on November 3. (IANS)