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Bacterial infection in pregnancy may up autism risk in kids

Bacterial infection in pregnancy may up autism risk in kids. Pixabay

New York, September 15, 2017: Babies born to mothers who experience a bacterial infection severe enough to require hospitalisation during pregnancy may be at higher risk of developing autism, a study has found.

The study, conducted on mice, revealed that the composition of bacterial populations in the mother’s digestive tract can influence whether maternal infection leads to repetitive behaviour and impaired sociability — autistic-like behaviours in offspring.

Further, irregularities that the researchers call “patches” are most common in a part of the brain known as “S1DZ” and were responsible for the behavioural abnormalities seen in mice.

“We identified a very discrete brain region that seems to be modulating all the behaviours associated with this particular model of neurodevelopmental disorder,” said Gloria Choi, Assistant Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in the paper appearing in the journal Nature.

A second study in the same jounal, revealed that not all mothers who experience severe infection end up having child with autism, and similarly not all the mice in the maternal inflammation model develop behavioural abnormalities.

“This suggests that inflammation during pregnancy is just one of the factors. It needs to work with additional factors to lead all the way to that outcome,” Choi said.

Moreover, the researchers found that only the offspring of mice with one specific type of harmless bacteria, known as segmented filamentous bacteria, had behavioural abnormalities and cortical patches.

When the researchers killed those bacteria with antibiotics, the mice produced normal offspring.

If validated in human studies, the findings could offer a possible way to reduce the risk of autism, which would involve blocking the function of certain strains of bacteria found in the maternal gut, the researchers noted. (IANS)

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5 Healthy Ways To Get Back In Shape After Pregnancy

The number of calories your body burns depend largely on what you eat, so it’s sensible to fuel your body with healthy food

Protein responsible for postpartum depression in pregnancy found
Protein responsible for postpartum depression in pregnancy found. IANS
  • Getting back in shape after pregnancy can be tough for new moms
  • However, there are few tips which can help you get back in shape after pregnancy
  • These tips are easy and highly effective

Losing baby weight and getting back in shape after delivery is a hot topic. Most moms pack on extra pounds during pregnancy and want to drop them as fast as possible. However, don’t be too hard on yourself and don’t stick to all those crash diets. Follow these tips, and you will be able to get rid of excess weight without harm to your health.

Losing weight after pregnancy is not as tough as you may think it is.. Pixabay.
Losing weight after delivery is not as tough as you may think it is. Pixabay.

Breastfeed If You Can

It’s true that breastfeeding burns about 400-500 extra calories a day. Even if you just sit comfortably on your couch and feed your newborn baby, you will still lose some weight.

Sleep Well

Take a nap every time your baby does, laundry or dishwashing should be damned. Extra sleep reduces stress hormones and keeps your energy levels up.

Also Read: Smoking during pregnancy linked to asthma severity in kids

Eat Smart

The number of calories your body burns depend largely on what you eat, so it’s sensible to fuel your body with healthy food. Choose foods packed with lean protein, whole grains, and healthy fats. Include foods that are rich in calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, fibre, and protein into your diet. And cut down junk food. Try to keep your portions smaller and eat 5-6 meals in a day. If you often feel super hungry (yeah, that often happens with new moms) but don’t have time to eat a full portion, stock up on healthy snacks like cut vegetables, whole-grain crackers, nuts, fruit, and yoghurts. Also, drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day. This will help you flush out toxins from your body and boost metabolism.

It is important to eat smartly after childbirth to avoid weight gain. Pixabay


Exercises are great stress-busters! Long gone are those years when doctors kept women physically restricted after pregnancy. Six weeks after delivery are quite enough for your body to heal. Start with gentle 20-min workouts. Focus on basic exercises like stretching, jogging, swimming, or doing aerobics. A waist trimmer can come in great use since it will help you not only sweat out more calories but cinch you post-pregnant belly as well. If you don’t know what model to choose, we have prepared this waist trainers review for you. Yet, if you don’t have time to hit the gym, you can do weight exercises with your baby at home. For example, you can hold your little one close to your chest and do some lunges. However, it’s always sensible to take your doctor’s approval first.

There are a set of exercises which women can use after their pregnancy to reduce the excess fat. Pixabay
There are a set of exercises which women can do to reduce the excess fat. Pixabay

Move it, Move it!

If you are too sleep-deprived and can’t even think about exercising, start to walk more during your strolls. Walk a little farther every next day. It’s a great cardio workout. Also, you can start your day with dancing. It will not only improve your morning mood but also help you burn those extra calories.You and your baby will definitely have a great fun. To stay motivated during your way to a slimmer body, don’t buy new clothes! Instead, try to fit into your pre-pregnancy garments. You can even keep your sexy dresses at the front of your wardrobe. Work harder towards your goal and the results will come soon.