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By Ruchika Verma
- Indian economic system has many loopholes and many citizens are aware of how to use them to their advantage
- India has seen some of the biggest bank frauds in past few years which has damaged its economy
- Money scams and bank frauds are becoming very common and it is now high-time that government do something about them
Every year India witness some of the biggest bank frauds which impact its Economy like a boulder. According to IIM-Bangalore, India lost Rs. 22,743 crores because of bank frauds between 2012 and 2016.
Likes of Vijay Mallya, Harshad Mehta and the recent addition, Nirav Modi have basically robbed Indian banks and Indian economy of several crores of rupees. Here is the list of biggest bank frauds in India which shook the economy and population in recent years.
S.K. Jain Fraud
In 2014, the chairman of the Syndicate Bank was suspended for increasing the credit limit of some companies for the bribe of Rs. 50 Lakhs. SK Jain was one of the youngest CMD of the Syndicate Bank, this money fraud by him was done just after a year of being appointed as the CMD of the bank. Syndicate Bank’s share prices suffered heavy losses after the fraud was revealed.
Harshad Mehta Scam
While talking about any money scam or bank scam, Harshad Mehta is the first name which comes to the mind of many. Harshad Mehta was a clever share broker who knew loopholes in Indian economy too well. The case dates back to the 90s in which this fraud worth INR 4000 crores came into the light. Stock Market crashed after this scam was revealed, in which fake BRs were used to get money out of various banks and manipulate the share price of companies.
Bipin Vohra Fraud
In 2014, CBI filed a cased against the Kolkata-based industrialist Bipin Vohra and his other colleagues for allegedly cheating Central Bank of India. Bipin Vohra obtained a loan of Rs 139.05 crore using fake documents. Not only that, but he also used the money for purposes which weren’t stated while applying for the loan. Bipin Vohra lost a lot of his acquisitions due to this bank fraud of his.
Vijaya Mallya Fraud
One of the most recent Indian offenders, the UB group and Kingfisher Airlines owner has a debt of over INR 9000 crores which he has to pay back to various banks. He fled to London to escape the payments and penalisation, even after coming back, he hasn’t paid back anything as of yet. He was declared offender by the Union Bank Of India after which SBI and PNB followed suit.
Nilesh Parekh Fraud
Nilesh Parekh committed a fraud of Rs. 2,223 crores by cheating 25 banks which were under the State Bank Of India. Parekh was the promoter of Kolkata-based, Shree Ganesh Jeweller, he committed the fraud by diverting the loan money and he also shelled companies in other countries like Hong Kong, UAE and Singapore.
Jain Infraprojects Fraud
Another famous bank scam was the fraud done by the employees of Jain Infraprojects in collaboration with the Deputy General Manager of the Central Bank Of India. This bank fraud was done by diverting the funds for the purposes that weren’t mentioned in papers. This bank scam resulted in a loss of INR 212.30 crores for the bank.
Nirav Modi’s Fraud
The latest addition to the list, this one if one of the biggest bank frauds in India. The diamond merchant Nirav Modi committed a fraud of INR 11,450 crores with the Punjab National Bank. Modi used old LoU (letter of undertaking) issued to him by PNB, which were recycled and illegally issued to borrow money from other banks. He is also accused of committing a money fraud of Rs. 3000 crores with 17 other banks.
The Supreme Court on Tuesday agreed to examine a seeking direction to the Election Commission to de-register a political party, which fails to comply with the court's direction to disclose criminal antecedents of candidates fielded in polls. Advocate Ashwini Upadhyay requested a bench headed by Chief Justice N.V. Ramana and comprising Justices A.S. Bopanna and Hima Kohli to list the petition urgently, against the backdrop of the ongoing election process. He contended that nomination for the first phase of the Uttar Pradesh Assembly election has started, and the political parties and candidates are brazenly violating the top court judgments.
After briefly hearing Upadhyay, the bench said: "We will consider it... will give a date".
The plea argued that allowing criminals to stand for election threatens democracy and secularism. | Wikipedia
The plea claimed that the cause of action for filing the plea arose after the Samajwadi Party fielded alleged gangster Nahid Hasan from Kairana but neither published his criminal records in electronic, print and social media nor the reason for his selection within 48 hours. On February 13, last year, Shamli police imposed the Gangster Act on Nahid Hasan, who is a two-time MLA from Kairana. "He (Hasan) has multiple criminal cases and is the 'mastermind' behind the Hindu exodus from Kairana. There are many criminal cases including fraud and extortion, and he was declared a fugitive by Special MLA-MP Court," the plea said.
The plea argued that the consequences of permitting criminals to contest and become legislators are extremely serious for democracy and secularism. The plea sought a direction to the Election Commission to take steps to ensure that every political party publishes the details regarding criminal cases of each candidate along with the reason for such selection on the homepage of its official website in bold letters within 48 hours in the spirit of top court orders passed on September 25, 2018, and February 2, 2020. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: uttar pradesh assembly election, hima kohli, justices a.s. bopanna, chief justice n.v. ramana, political party, election commission, the supreme court, tainted candidates, action, plea)
There will be no chief guest at the Republic Day parade this year also as the plan to host state heads of five Central Asian countries -- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan -- seems to have been cancelled due to the Covid situation in India as well as in the respective nations. Though the Ministry of External Affairs is yet to confirm this officially.
If the guests arrive, then this would be the second time when India hosts a group of state heads as the chief guests on the Republic Day. In 2018, state heads of ASEAN countries graced the occasion with their presence. Apart from Kazakhstan, none of these countries' state heads had been invited as the chief guests on the Republic Day. In 2009, Kazakhstan's then president Nursultan Nazarbayev was the Chief Guest.
The Government of India is in no mood to take any risk to invite any foreign guest.Unsplash
As per sources, due to the corona situation, the Government of India is in no mood to take any risk to invite any foreign guest, so the plan seems to have been cancelled. Last year, British Prime minister Boris Johnson was invited for the same, but later cancelled due to rising corona cases in the UK.
In the past, there have been occasions when the Republic Day ceremony was celebrated without any foreign guest. In 1966, there was no foreign chief guest in the Republic Day parade ceremony as the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri had passed away in Tashkent in January, and Indira Gandhi took oath as Prime Minister on January 24. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : chief, guest, Republic Day, parade, India, January, pandemic, 2022, host, nation, guest, invite, foreign, occasion, presence, celebrate.)
A team of scientists from the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) have found a cure for those suffering from chronic wounds, particularly with diabetic foot ulcers. The team led by Prof Gopal Nath of the department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, said that wounds that took months and years to heal, could now be cured in days or months. The findings of study have been published in the National Centre for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health, US.
Prof Nath said that a wound is defined as a breach in the skin or body tissues due to injury. An acute wound is defined as a "recent break that is yet to progress through sequential stages of healing". The wounds where normal healing process is stalled due to underlying pathology (vascular and diabetes) or infection beyond three months is defined as chronic wound. While chronic wounds always get infected, the contaminated wounds are reasonably susceptible to infection.
A significant improvement could be achieved in the form of complete wound epithelization within a few weeks.Towfiqu barbhuiya / Unsplash
Infection with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and biofilm formation halt healing progress. These wounds cause significant psychological and physical morbidity. The traditional treatment strategies often succeed in healing wounds, he said adding that many wounds have been observed recalcitrant to them, leading to persistence and recurrent infections. Search for alternatives to antibiotics has now become a compulsion. Fortunately, bacteriophage therapy is a re-emerging solution to antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Prof Nath's team carried out phage therapy of acute and chronic infected wounds in animals and clinical studies. It showed efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a mice wound model. Furthermore, they evaluated the efficacy of phage cocktails in animal models' acute and chronic osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. They also observed biofilm eradication from K wire in rabbits' wound infection model. Clinical trials of phage therapy initiated by the BHU have reported the efficacy of topical phage in healing chronic wounds in three prospective exploratory studies and no adverse events mimicking the results in vivo animal models.
Scientists have found a cure for those suffering from diabetic foot ulcers. Unsplash
A clinical study by Gupta demonstrated the significant role of bacteriophage therapy in the chronic wounds associated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The study employed a total of twenty patients with chronic non-healing ulcers for more than six weeks duration. A significant improvement could be achieved in the form of complete wound epithelization within a few weeks. Another study, employing 48 patients having a minimum of one eligible full-thickness wound that did not heal in six weeks with convention wound management, showed the promising result, and significant improvement was observed in the wound healing.
The study projected that specific phage therapy is equally effective regardless of the diabetic or non-diabetic status of the patient though the healing was relatively delayed in diabetic patients. Another successful study has shown encouraging results on healing process of infected acute traumatic wounds. The average number of days required for complete granulation of wounds and attaining sterility and healing was half compared to conventional therapy. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : scientists, cure, chronic, wound, suffer, ulcer, diabetes, healing, pathology, health, infection, bacteria, study, patient, therapy, successful.)
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