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By Rituparna

Around 24 kilometers north of Kanpur lies the historical and majestic town of Bithoor that also steals a mention in the Puranas.

According to legends, Bithoor is the place where Lord Brahma created mankind. Therefore, it came to be known as Brahmavarta or the seat of Brahma. The holy scriptures also consider Bithoor to be the center of Universe.

Embedded in the ghats of holy river Ganges, a nail of horse is an object of special reverence for the devotees here. The believers consider that nail to be of Brahma’s horse. It is believed that the nail fell on the ghats while Brahma was going for Ashwamedha yajna. After the completion of the yajna, the forests of Utpalaranya came to be known as Brahamavarta, and from there derives the name of Bithoor.

In the later centuries, Brahmavarta blossomed as the capital of the Utpalaranya Kingdom ruled by King Uttanpad. It is said that his son, Dhruva, penanced here to please Brahma. That place is pointed out to be Dhruva Teela in Bithoor.

Bithoor’s Brahmeswar Mahadev embraces with itself a striking story that unfolds with the establishment of a Shiva linga on the Brahmavarta ghat by Brahma. It is also believed that the sages were bewildered by the demonic activities of the ogre. It was when Lord Brahma came to sages’ rescue, and spotted his clog (wooden slipper) to provide a safe and secure venue to perform the religious activities.

Conversely, MS Tyagi, assistant officer, Uttar Pradesh State Archaeology Department said, “The department has not found any object, which could symbolize the presence of Brahma’s abode, it is a matter subject to public’s belief and reverence, and department has never pestered them.”

Moreover, Bithooor outlines the epics from Ramayana, when Lord Rama freed Rajsuia, considered to be his horse for the Ashwamedha yajna. The Ramayana delineates the horse to be the symbol of sovereignty in the kingdom of Lord Rama while the abduction of the horse meant disobeying the king. The twin sons of Lord Rama, Luv and Kush, fetched the horse, and it resulted into a fight between Lord Rama and his sons.

The devotees revel in the simplicity of a small pool inside Valmiki Ashram, famous as Sita-Kund. Sita-Rasoi is still preserved, near which stands ‘Swarga Nasinee or Deep Malikha Stambha,’ which is studded with niches around illuminations. The tower has 48 steps leading to its top by a cupola, from where one can have a panoramic view of the entire city. These beautiful architectural buildings are under the surveillance of Uttar Pradesh State Archaeological Department.


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