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New Delhi: The musical landscape of the Hindi film industry is constantly evolving and Rahul Ram, vocalist and bassist of long-running folk rock band Indian Ocean, believes “Bollywood has changed” and it’s a “purely money-driven industry”.
“I think the music evolves on its own. If something works, people would want to go in that direction. Bollywood has changed. It’s a purely money-driven industry,” Ram told IANS in a telephonic interview.
The musician, who has composed three songs for Neeraj Ghaywan’s directorial debut, the Cannes- acclaimed “Masaan”, with his band Indian Ocean, says if the music of the film gets appreciated, “then more people would want to follow that”.
Asked about the evolution of indie music in India, the musician said that every Indian indie band needs a chance to exhibit their talent.
He isn’t, however, too keen on using the term ‘indie music’ for independent artists in India, and says that it’s important to coin a new nomenclature altogether.
“We have to come with our own nomenclature. Non-Bollywood, non-traditional is a better term than indie. We are searching for a term for Indian Ocean for the last 25 years. We call Indian Ocean as ‘frock’ – folk rock,” he quipped.
Indian Ocean have “adequate material” for a new full-length and have worked on two new songs with legendary ghatam player Pandit Vikku Vinayakram and saxophonist George Brooks, says Ram.
“We have another new song ready, which we will perform in Bangalore on July 31. We are doing a set called ‘Side A, Side B’. It will be a four-hour concert, including a track from ‘Masaan’,” he said
For “Masaan”, the story of which revolves around four lives which intersect along the Ganga river, Indian Ocean created heart-warming music that duly fits in with the film’s aesthetics.
“Basically, after initial talks with Neeraj, we figured that there will be one love track in the film, which was ‘Tu kisi rail si guzarti hai’. To get the actual tune took us a long time. We went through four-five variations for it.
“The second song ‘Mann kasturi’ was approved of within an hour. I hadn’t even seen the lyrics. Neeraj and Varun Grover (writer) were coming from Mumbai to listen to the music. They heard the tune and loved it. It was fixed there and then,” Ram said about the musical compositions of “Masaan”.
The third song titled “Bhor” is however an old Indian Ocean song from their album “Jhini”, which was rendered in a different version for the film, says Ram.
“The third song was a version of our song which we released in 2003. It’s called ‘Bhor’. In the final edit, Neeraj had taken the original version of the song, which is way faster. But I told him that it’s not working out. I am talking about a completely different mood, so I had to persuade him to use a new version,” he added.
Talking about the recording process of this song, Ram said it was recorded in a “different” way from how music is recorded in studios nowadays.
“The way we recorded it is also different. Four of us stood in four different parts of the studio and played with the song. Nikhil was on guitars, Amit with flute and all three of us had vocals and we sang. And when we felt we have a version that was adequate, we thought that we should go and repair it,” he said.
“Around 50 years back, there were just two tracks, so the whole orchestra used to play together. Even the old jazz records were recorded in that manner. The feel of interacting with each other is there in those live recordings, but now that feel is gone,” he added.
Canadian researchers have discovered an overlooked gene that plays a major role in the development of antibodies, which help the immune system recognize and fight viruses including SARS-CoV-2, bacteria and other causes of infectious disease. The gene -- FAM72A -- facilitates production of high-quality antibodies by enabling the effect of an enzyme called AID (for Activation-Induced Deaminase), the researchers showed.
Immunologists have known for two decades that AID is essential to produce antibodies capable of clearing infections, but the full mechanism of its effect has remained unknown. "Our findings answer the long-standing question of how AID does its work," said Alberto Martin, a professor of immunology at the University of Toronto's Temerty Faculty of Medicine. "FAM72A helps AID to promote mutations in antibody genes that are essential for the development of effective antibodies," he added.
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. | Pixabay
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. In the context of antibody development, mutagenesis unfolds largely through the AID-driven mechanisms called somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination -- both of which help antibodies gain the diversity and potency they need to counter a wide range of pathogens.
The results published in the journal Nature will help researchers better understand antibody development broadly, but they also have implications for cancer. Uncontrolled mutagenesis in B cells that produce antibodies is linked to B cell lymphoma, and FAM72A is present at very high levels in other cancers such as gastrointestinal, breast, lung, liver and ovarian cancers.
"Our data show that high levels of FAM72A promote mutations in antibody genes, so increased levels of FAM72A could spur cancer development, progression or drug resistance by increasing mutagenesis,a Martin said. Martin's team is now exploring those possibilities. Intriguingly, unlike other mammals, humans have four gene versions of FAM72A and their roles in cancer and antibody production are still unknown. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: researchers, cancer, mutagenesis, antibody, development, antibodies, canada, COVID
Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), a subsidiary of Coal India will set up a 50 megawatt (MW) solar power plant in Odisha's Sambalpur at a total cost of Rs 301.92 crore, moving steadily towards its goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2024. MCL has placed a turnkey order to set-up a 50 MW solar power plant with a Chennai-based firm M/s Hild Energy Ltd, which will establish this green energy project within a timeline of 10 months, the MCL said in a statement on Saturday.
This solar plant would cater to the captive power requirement of MCL. The Central PSU had successfully set-up a 2MW solar power plant in Sambalpur in 2014. The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024 in order to become a net zero energy company, aligning itself to use cleaner forms of energy for coal production.
The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024. | Photo by Mariana Proença on Unsplash
This 50 MW solar power project will reduce CO2 emission by 91,020 tonnes per annum and carbon offsets of around 24,824 tonnes per annum, claimed the MCL. MCL is the leading production subsidiary of Coal India, having mining operations in Angul, Jharsuguda and Sundargarh districts of Odisha. Having achieved the highest ever capital expenditure of Rs 2,419 crore in the financial year 2020-21, the company has coal production and dispatch targets of 163 million tonnes and 182 million tonnes, respectively.
MCL was the coal mining company to introduce environment-friendly surface miner technology, which contributes over 95 per cent in coal production. As another environment-friendly initiative, the company has successfully introduced vertical rippers for blast-less over-burden removal in Hingula and Kaniha opencast projects. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: solar plant, carbon neutrality, Odisha, Sambalpur, Coal India, subsidiary, Mahanadi Coalfields Limited, solar energy
As the nation celebrated the 114th birth anniversary of his father - renowned poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan - megastar Amitabh Bachchan remembered his dad as he penned a heartfelt note for him. The actor took to his blog where he poured his heart out and also shared an unseen photo with his father. The image in question is from Big B's wedding in 1973, where the two are caught in a sweet moment as they look at each other.
Amitabh Bachchan wrote on his blog,
"My Father , my all .. November 27th his birth in the year 1907 .. Which makes it his 114th Anniversary .. He is in the heavens, with my Mother and they celebrate .. as do we , in thought word and deed .. (sic). But first."
He then posted the picture followed by elaborate paragraphs. The megastar wrote,
"Those rare moments when one would find himself rushing against the winds to prevent the distance between us and to close it down as soon as it can be. The day of my wedding and his expression of fulfilment to not just be in congratulation but instead to be in the face of a belief, a chime, an ultimate season of love and great passion, of the quarries of the fears and conditionings of these deprived gym routines kart ..(sic)". "This could have been unknown for long facilitating years, to give not expected versions and lastly large scale informations of the insides ; but as time passed by, as does now , they explained purposely, the values of education and similarity .. Be in peace and love .. (sic)",
the veteran actor concluded his note. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Amitabh Bachchan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, actor, blog, birth anniversary, 114th birthday