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Indian PM Narendra Modi, Wikimedia

New Delhi, April 21, 2017: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday cautioned civil servants against using social media for self-propagation of their work and said he had banned mobiles in his meetings to prevent diversion.

Addressing a function on the Civil Services Day here, Modi said anonymity of civil service had been a strength but this appears to be getting weak.


He said he understands the power of social media and it should be used to improve systems and to connect better with the people.

NewsGram brings to you latest new stories in India.

“If I as a government official use social media to disseminate information about the next date of a vaccination programme, it is very useful.

“But if I post my pictures on Facebook showing my participation in the programme, then I become a question mark for anonymity of bureaucrats.

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“Today I see district level officers — they are so busy, busy, busy… most of their time goes in this,” he remarked.

“In fact, in my meetings I have banned the entry of mobiles, otherwise anyone would take out (their mobile) and start,” he said with a chuckle.

Modi said judiciousness should be used in the use of social media as it is a way to improve the connect with people. (IANS)


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The possible exoplanet -- or planets outside of our Solar System -- candidate is located in the spiral galaxy Messier 51 (M51), also called the Whirlpool Galaxy because of its distinctive profile, NASA said in a statement.

Astronomers have, so far, found all other known exoplanets and exoplanet candidates in the Milky Way galaxy, almost all of them less than about 3,000 light-years from Earth.

An exoplanet in M51 would be about 28 million light-years away, meaning it would be thousands of times farther away than those in the Milky Way, NASA said.

"We are trying to open up a whole new arena for finding other worlds by searching for planet candidates at X-ray wavelengths, a strategy that makes it possible to discover them in other galaxies," said Rosanne Di Stefano of the Center for Astrophysics at Harvard and Smithsonian (CfA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, who led the study.

The findings are published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

The exoplanet candidate was spotted in a binary system called M51-ULS-1, located in M51. This binary system contains a black hole or neutron star orbiting a companion star with a mass about 20 times that of the Sun. The X-ray transit they found using Chandra data lasted about three hours, during which the X-ray emission decreased to zero.

Based on this and other information, the team estimates the exoplanet candidate in M51-ULS-1 would be roughly the size of Saturn and orbit the neutron star or black hole at about twice the distance of Saturn from the Sun.

The team looked for X-ray transits in three galaxies beyond the Milky Way galaxy, using both Chandra and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton. Their search covered 55 systems in M51, 64 systems in Messier 101 (the "Pinwheel" galaxy), and 119 systems in Messier 104 (the "Sombrero" galaxy).

However, more data would be needed to verify the interpretation as an extragalactic exoplanet. One challenge is that the planet candidate's large orbit means it would not cross in front of its binary partner again for about 70 years, thwarting any attempts for a confirming observation for decades, NASA said.

Named in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Chandra X-ray Observatory is the world's most powerful X-ray telescope. It has eight times greater resolution and is able to detect sources more than 20-times fainter than any previous X-ray telescope.

Known to the world as Chandra (which means "moon" or "luminous" in Sanskrit), Chandrasekhar was widely regarded as one of the foremost astrophysicists of the twentieth century. (IANS/JB)


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