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Pheran is an essential component of Kashmiri culture and clothing.

Pheran is an essential component of Kashmiri culture and clothing. It is worn by men and women, as well as children. While some say Mughal emperor Akbar introduced the long garment in Kashmir Valley; others claim it was designed by Persian visitors to shield themselves from the biting cold during winters. Kangri, a Kashmiri firepot, can be kept under a pheran. It represents the historical continuity of Kashmiri culture since no significant alterations have been made to the garment.

Kashmiri man with his grand son in pheran Recently, pheran have made a resurgence as part of current fashion and are worn by women from all across India. | Wikimedia Commons



It is classic long clothing that covers the entire body from the collar to the knees. The pheran is made up of two robes, one on top of the other. The classic pheran goes all the way to the feet, which was fashionable until the late nineteenth century. A more recent form of the pheran, however, stretches only to the knees. The classic pheran has no side slits and is woven of wool to keep the wearer warm. For a few months in the summer, a cotton version is utilised. A typical feature of a Kashmiri ladies' pheran is intricate embroidery or floral designs. The embroideries or floral styles are composed of tiny metal threads and are referred to as 'Tila' in Kashmiri.


kashmiri kids wearing a pheran Kangri, a Kashmiri firepot, can be kept under a pheran. | Wikimedia Commons


In recent years, the use of pherans has declined. But recently, pheran have made a resurgence as part of current fashion and are worn by women from all across India. Kashmiri men use the pheran as a stylish costume as well. The pheran has found its way into the working environment when paired with jeans. The modern pheran is narrower and shorter. Since 2021, the valley's young men and women have favoured modernized pherans above other types. These pherans are a cross between western coats and traditional attire.


Keywords: Kashmir, greater Kashmir, kashmir news, tradition, history and culture


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