Wednesday October 17, 2018

Eye sight detection becomes easy with Foldable Phoropter now

The test on the device was carried on 100 people and it showed a strong correlation between its reading and those taken with a clinical setting with the usual ophthalmologist tools.

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Hyderabad, March 17, 2017: The novel innovation in the field of medical has been regarded as a boon for billions of people facing eye impairments. The invention is called ‘Foldable Phoropter’- a mere foldable cardboard tube which makes the eye testing much simpler in the developing countries. The device is created by the Srujana Center for Innovation, L V Prasad Eye Institute (Hyderabad).

The disposable, open-source device is a palm-sized invention conventionally used as an ophthalmologist’s tool to sift for refractive errors like short or long sightedness. The invention inspired by Google Cardboard and Dr. Manu Prakash’s Foldscope.

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The sole intention of the project is to help diagnose the errors quickly and cheaply in the less financially efficient areas. Ashish Jain, an industrial designer with Srujana Center for Innovation at L V Prasad Eye Institute along with the institute’s team of optometrists, vision scientists and engineers have originated a unique paper device which can detect a refractive error – one of the most common causes of blindness.

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As per the World Health Organization, 153 million live vision impairment to uncorrected refractive errors. Visual impairment can have ill-effects on children and adults such as dropped educational and employment opportunities and diminished quality of life. The further findings insinuate that approximate of 670 million people worldwide do not have spectacles or adequate correction, covering 517 million with near vision impairment and 153 million with distance vision impairment. Out of 517 million people without spectacles for near vision correction, 410 million are dissuaded from performing near-vision tasks and activities.

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The Folding Phoropter is aiming to rural low-income communities.The phoropter appears like a telescope and is measured using the most common refractive error ranges. The test on the device was carried on 100 people and it showed a strong correlation between its reading and those taken with a clinical setting with the usual ophthalmologist tools. The device is easy to assemble and anyone can build their own following the instructions.

USAGE OF FOLDABLE PHOROPTER

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MLYuTMFo2Os

The lenses require being located in their assigned positions and folded along the lines. The two parts line up inside one another, resembling a telescope. The patient needs to look through the device from the fixed distance and move the outer chamber inwards until the image just comes into focus.

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Prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram, Twitter @Nainamishr94

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WHO Vows For Broader Action Against Tobacco

To prevent further interference by tobacco industry in public health policies, the strategy requires parties to the treaty to protect national public health policies "from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry."

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WHO vows tighter, broader action against tobacco, industry interference.

The World Health Organization (WHO) unveiled a global strategy on Saturday to scale up the tobacco control agenda over the next few years and to prevent further interference by tobacco industry in public health policies.

The strategy, titled the Medium-Term Strategic Framework (MTSF), aims to strengthen implementation of the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC), with a roadmap to guide the work of the convention parties, the secretariat and other stakeholders with regards to tobacco control from 2019 to 2025, Xinhua reported.

“The adoption of this strategy marks a key milestone in strengthening the FCTC,” said Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva, head of the WHO FCTC Secretariat. “This strategy provides a very clear path forward, with priorities and objectives to reinforce government policies and accelerate global action for more effective implementation of the tobacco control treaty.”

The strategy was concluded during the eighth session (COP8) of the FCTC, which brought together over 1,200 participants, including delegations from 148 parties to the global tobacco control treaty and representatives of UN agencies, other intergovernmental organisations and civil society.

They also agreed to maximize transparency to protect FCTC related sessions and proceedings from the intrusion of tobacco industry representatives and interests.

WHO
Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus gives a news conference at the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, VOA

“More than ever, we need to stay the course and strengthen our commitment to ensure that FCTC efforts to protect and promote public health and sustainable development are not hijacked by the tobacco industry,” Costa e Silva said. “We must yield no ground to the tobacco industry.”

To prevent further interference by tobacco industry in public health policies, the strategy requires parties to the treaty to protect national public health policies “from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry.”

In addition to tighter control actions, the parties also addressed the need for tobacco control efforts to integrate strategies to combat the destructive impacts of tobacco on the environment and sustainable development.

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Since it came into force in 2005, the FCTC has resulted in national strategies and legislation that have introduced health warning on packages of tobacco and comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.

As the only existing global intergovernmental meeting exclusively devoted to tobacco control, the FCTC COP has served as a platform for policy formulation and the adoption of implementation mechanisms by the parties to the convention. (IANS)