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Five Important Eras in Indian History: How the Indian Map was drawn and redrawn!

Amateur historian named Thomas Lessman takes into account the change in the map of India from 1 AD to the 20th century

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Ever wondered how much the Indian map changed over time?

It’s not only the India-Pakistan partition I talk about; it’s the change in the map of India from 1 AD to the 20th century. An amateur historian named Thomas Lessman has caught these series of shifts. His maps provide a vivid history; they start from 1 AD till the rule of the Delhi Sultanate.

On his Website, Lessman says ” I started drawing maps right after I started reading about history. My earliest maps were crude hand-drawings, but now I’ve got a good computer, a great image program (PhotoShop), and a nice background map. I became frustrated while researching history because it’s hard to find great maps. The best maps are in books that cost more than I make in a week… So I realised if I want free World History Maps, I’d have to make them myself”, mentioned Scroll.in May 2015.

Map of India. Image Source: Thomas Lessman
Map of India. Image Source: Thomas Lessman

Here the important eras are taken into account that changed the look of map of India:

i. The Indo-Parthian and Indo-Synthian era: 1 AD

If one follows the above map, we can see that there exist Indo-Parthian rule and the Indo-Synthian kingdom during this era. Indo-Greeks ruled India for over two centuries, however, the Indo-Scythians migrated from southern Siberia and displaced the Indo-Greeks.

ii. The Kushan Empire: 100 AD

The 100 AD marked the era of Kushan Empire. It was founded under Kujula Kadphises but it was under his grandson, the Buddhist emperor Kanishka, that it reached its peak.

iii. The Gupta and Huna Empire: 400 – 500 AD

Some people called the period from 400-500 AD the ‘Golden Age of India.’ This was the period, which marked the domination of The Gupta and Huna Empire – 400 – 500 AD. The word Golden Age comes from the fact that during this time, literature, art, astronomy, and math flourished in the region.

iv. The Chalukyas: 600 AD

They dominated over southern and central India from 6th to 12th century. The key aspect of this era was the Chakulyan architecture, which along with Kannada and Telugu literature thrived all along their time.

v. The Ghaznavid Empire: 1206–1526

The Ghaznavid Empire moved in and conquered India and finally the Delhi Sultanate. The Delhi Sultanate was a Delhi-based Muslim kingdom that stretched over large parts of the country. The fall of Ghaznavid Empire eventually led to the rise of the Mughal rule in India.

– prepared by Karishma Vanjani of Newsgram. Twitter: @BladesnBoots

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India Continues Engaging With USA Over H-1B Passport Issue

India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

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As Trump proposes changes in H1-B visa, India continues to engage with US

India is continuing to engage with the US over the H-1B visa, largely availed of by Indian IT companies, after the Trump administration proposed changes to the programme, a senior official said on Thursday.

“It is a very important topic for us and that is the reason why we have time and again at various levels, we have taken up this matter with the US side,” External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to queries by journalists here.

Kumar said that most recently, the issue was raised during the first ever India-US 2+2 Ministerial Meeting held here last month that was attended by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis.

On Wednesday, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) said that the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) plans to come out with its new proposal by January 2019.

India n Passport
It will also “revise the definition” of employment and employer-employee relationship to “better protect” US workers and wages Flickr

The DHS said it was also proposing to remove from its regulations certain H-4 spouses of H-1B non-immigrants as a class of aliens eligible for employment authorisation.

The move to end the rule could have an impact on more than 70,000 H-4 visa holders, who have work permits.

The H-4 visas are issued by the USCIS to immediate family members (spouse and children under 21 years of age) of the holders of H-1B visa.

The DHS said it will propose to revise the definition of speciality occupation to increase focus on obtaining the best and the brightest foreign nationals via the H-1B programme.

It will also “revise the definition” of employment and employer-employee relationship to “better protect” US workers and wages, the DHS said.

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President Donald Trump speaks about immigration alongside family members affected by crimes committed by undocumented immigrants, at the South Court Auditorium on the White House complex, June 22, 2018, in Washington, VOA

In his remarks on Thursday, Kumar said that India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

Stating that there are certain bills which have been introduced, he, however, said that “it is important to note that none of these bills have been passed so far”.

“When we have engaged with the US, we have emphasised that our partnership which we have in the digital sphere have been mutually beneficial,” the spokesperson said.

Also Read: USA And Other Countries Pledge To Eradicate Illegal Wildlife Trade

“We have highlighted the role which has been played by the highly skilled Indian professionals who have actually contributed to the growth and development of the US economy,” he stated.

“And also they have helped the US to maintain a competitive edge in the world towards innovation and science and technology.” (IANS)