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Five Important Eras in Indian History: How the Indian Map was drawn and redrawn!

Amateur historian named Thomas Lessman takes into account the change in the map of India from 1 AD to the 20th century

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Ever wondered how much the Indian map changed over time?

It’s not only the India-Pakistan partition I talk about; it’s the change in the map of India from 1 AD to the 20th century. An amateur historian named Thomas Lessman has caught these series of shifts. His maps provide a vivid history; they start from 1 AD till the rule of the Delhi Sultanate.

On his Website, Lessman says ” I started drawing maps right after I started reading about history. My earliest maps were crude hand-drawings, but now I’ve got a good computer, a great image program (PhotoShop), and a nice background map. I became frustrated while researching history because it’s hard to find great maps. The best maps are in books that cost more than I make in a week… So I realised if I want free World History Maps, I’d have to make them myself”, mentioned Scroll.in May 2015.

Map of India. Image Source: Thomas Lessman
Map of India. Image Source: Thomas Lessman

Here the important eras are taken into account that changed the look of map of India:

i. The Indo-Parthian and Indo-Synthian era: 1 AD

If one follows the above map, we can see that there exist Indo-Parthian rule and the Indo-Synthian kingdom during this era. Indo-Greeks ruled India for over two centuries, however, the Indo-Scythians migrated from southern Siberia and displaced the Indo-Greeks.

ii. The Kushan Empire: 100 AD

The 100 AD marked the era of Kushan Empire. It was founded under Kujula Kadphises but it was under his grandson, the Buddhist emperor Kanishka, that it reached its peak.

iii. The Gupta and Huna Empire: 400 – 500 AD

Some people called the period from 400-500 AD the ‘Golden Age of India.’ This was the period, which marked the domination of The Gupta and Huna Empire – 400 – 500 AD. The word Golden Age comes from the fact that during this time, literature, art, astronomy, and math flourished in the region.

iv. The Chalukyas: 600 AD

They dominated over southern and central India from 6th to 12th century. The key aspect of this era was the Chakulyan architecture, which along with Kannada and Telugu literature thrived all along their time.

v. The Ghaznavid Empire: 1206–1526

The Ghaznavid Empire moved in and conquered India and finally the Delhi Sultanate. The Delhi Sultanate was a Delhi-based Muslim kingdom that stretched over large parts of the country. The fall of Ghaznavid Empire eventually led to the rise of the Mughal rule in India.

– prepared by Karishma Vanjani of Newsgram. Twitter: @BladesnBoots

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Petrol Prices On The Reverse Trend For The Last 13 Days: Prices Fall

Both in Delhi and Kolkata, diesel prices in the fortnight have declined

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Petrol Prices On The Reverse Trend For The Last 13 Days: Prices Falls
Petrol Prices On The Reverse Trend For The Last 13 Days: Prices Falls, flickr

Domestic petrol prices, which had hit record levels for 16 consecutive days in May, have been on the reverse trend for the last 13 days, including Monday, but the relief for consumers has been slow in coming.

The pace of decline has been less than half the rate of surge.

Percentage-wise, since May 30, when prices started to take a downturn, petrol prices have slipped 2.35 per cent in Delhi, compared to the 5.5 per cent in the previous 16 days.

In absolute terms, prices have gone down by Rs 1.85 a litre since May 30, compared to the increase of Rs 3.8 per litre in the during May 14-29. On Monday, fuel was sold at Rs 76.58 per litre in the national capital, down 20 paise from Sunday’s level, the IndianOil Corp’s website showed.

In Mumbai, where petrol prices were the highest in the country last month, the decline has been much slow at Rs 1.23 per litre so far, against the rise of Rs 3.76 a litre during May 14-29.

On Monday, petrol price in Mumbai was Rs 84.41 per litre against Rs 84.61 on Sunday. Similarly, in Kolkata and Chennai, the fuel was sold at Rs 79.25 and Rs 79.48 respectively.

In Kolkata and Chennai too, the decline has been Rs 1.81 and Rs 1.65 per litre in the last 13 days, around 50 per cent of the previous rate of increase.

In tandem with petrol prices, diesel too has seen a decline, but of only around 2 per cent in all the major cities including Delhi, compared to over 5 per cent rise in the previous fortnight.

Petrol station
Petrol station, flickr

Both in Delhi and Kolkata, diesel prices in the last 13 days have declined by Rs 1.36, and in Mumbai and Kolkata, the fall was of Rs 1.44 and Rs 1.45 per litre respectively.

Also read: Petrol price slashes by 32 paise and diesel price by 85 paise

On Monday, prices of the fuel in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai were at Rs 67.95, Rs 70.50, Rs 72.35 and Rs 71.73 per litre, respectively. (IANS)