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From Total Sanitation Campaign to Swachh Bharat Mission: Over 17 Years, same 5 States hobble Sanitation Mission
October 10, 2016: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha andJharkhand are the worst performing states under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), which celebrated its second anniversary on October 2, 2016, with fanfare.
They say history repeats itself; this seems to be ringing true for India’s sanitation programmes.
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The worst-performing states under the SBM are the same as they were under the Total Sanitation Campaign, launched 17 years ago by NDA-1 — the first time the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) came to power. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that followed changed the name of the campaign to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign) and increased it to 607 districts.
Together, these states account for 37 percent of India’s 1.2 billion people: 448 million people live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand — only China with 1.3 billion has more people than these five states. Without headway here, the SBM is not likely to succeed.
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As many as 23 million toilets have now been built across the country, which means 55 percent of Indian households had toilets (till September 28, 2016), up from 42 percent in 2014.
As many as 1,536 villages have been declared open defecation free, up from 697 in 2014; as many as 23 districts are open-defecation free, up from seven districts in 2014.
Bihar had the lowest proportion of households with toilets in 2016: 25 percent, which is an improvement from 22 percent in 2014, according to government data.
Odisha reported an increase in the proportion of households with toilets, from 12 percent in 2014 to 33 percent in 2016, the largest increase among the bottom five states, but it is still it below the national average of 55 percent households with individual toilets.
Odisha also reported the largest proportion of households practising open defecation (77 percent), followed by Bihar (76 per cent) and Jharkhand (64 percent), according to an answer given to the Lok Sabha by the Minister of Sanitation in February 2016.
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No more than 19 per cent of households in Bihar had toilets under earlier sanitation campaigns, followed by Jharkhand with 32 per cent. More than 91 percent of households practised open defecation in Jharkhand in 2011, followed by Madhya Pradesh (86 per cent) and Odisha (84 per cent).
These states — UP, Bihar, MP, Odisha and Jharkhand — received 45 percent of the national budget for sanitation programmes, IndiaSpend reported in October 2012.
The main reason for sanitation failures in these states is the lack of information and education on sanitation, especially in MP, where large swathes of land are inhabited by tribals. Up to 21 percent of MP is tribal, who speak at least seven languages, while the literature provided by the government is in Hindi, according to this 2015 report by the Comptroller Auditor &General (CAG).
The CAG report also revealed how 13 state governments used sanitation funds for other purposes, such as salary advances and paid leave for staff, vehicle purchases, pension contributions and creation of capital assets such as office and school buildings. (IANS)
India opener Rohit Sharma, wicket-keeper Rishabh Pant and off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin have been included in the ICC Men's Test team of the year for 2021. New Zealand captain Kane Williamson has been given the charge of captaining the eleven which also has his countryman and Player of the Match in the inaugural World Test Championship final, Kyle Jamieson, as well. Apart from three Indians and two New Zealanders, England captain Joe Root, Australia's Marnus Labuschagne, Sri Lanka's Dimuth Karunaratne, and Pakistani trio of Fawad Alam, Hasan Ali and Shaheen Afridi are in the eleven as well.
Both of the centuries were memorable knocks in contrasting conditions against England. AaDil / Unsplash
It is Ashwin's fifth appearance and Pant's second time in the Test team of the year honors while it is the first time Sharma is in the coveted eleven of Test cricket. 2021 was the year when Sharma came into his own as an opener in the longest format of the game for India. He cracked 906 runs in the calendar year at an average of 47.68 with two centuries and four half-centuries. Both of the centuries were memorable knocks in contrasting conditions against England -- one at home in Chennai and the other in overcast conditions away from home at the Oval. Though Sharma missed out on the recent Test tour to South Africa, he will have a key role to play for India in 2022.
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Pant, in 2021, further established himself as India's first-choice wicketkeeper-batter in all three formats, with his continuous development especially coming to the fore in the Test arena. He scored 748 runs in 12 matches at an average of 39.36 with a memorable ton against England at Ahmedabad, a 97 against Australia, and an unbeaten 89 against the same opposition at The Gabba in leading India to a memorable Border-Gavaskar Trophy victory by 2-1. He also accounted for 39 dismissals in 23 innings, with his glovework continuing to improve. Recently, in Cape Town, Pant scored a high-quality hundred despite India losing the series to South Africa 2-1.
Rohit cracked 906 runs in the calendar year at an average of 47.68.Wikipedia
Ashwin, the off-spinner bamboozled many batters with his sheer wizardry to be the leading wicket-taker in Test cricket in 2021. Ashwin scalped up 54 wickets in nine matches at an average of 16.64, making a big impact in the home series against England and New Zealand. He also chipped in with 355 runs at an average of 25.35, which included a vital century against England at his home ground in Chennai. ICC Men's Test Team of the Year: Dimuth Karunaratne, Rohit Sharma, Marnus Labuschagne, Joe Root, Kane Williamson (captain), Fawad Alam, Rishabh Pant (wicket-keeper), Ravichandran Ashwin, Kyle Jamieson, Hasan Ali, and Shaheen Afridi. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : cricket, Test, India, mans, Rohit Sharma, Rishabh Pant, Ravichandran Ashwin, batter, bowler, wicket-keeper, ICC, honor, century, wickets, team, spinner, opener, dismissals.)
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BY DEVIKANANDA JI
ॐ पितृदेवार्चितभूम्यै नमः
(Piṫa: Father; Archiṫa: One who is honored or worshipped)
In Sanskrit, the word pita means- one who protects. The Taiṫṫirīya Upanishad declares that the father is only next to the mother and should be honored like a god; without the father, you don't exist. This is proper since he gives birth, education and culture to his offspring. According to the smrutis, it is the father who performs the upanayana sacrament and imparts the sacred Gāyatrī mantra to his sons. According to some dharma śhāstra works, the following are pitās or fathers:- anna dāta (one who gives food); bhayatrāta (one who protects from dangers); śvaśura (father-in-law); janita (father) upaneta (one who performs upanayana).
Only in the Vedic tradition do we equate the father with god and honor and respect him. He is responsible for your birth and without his dhāṫu (sperm) you don't exist. He also provides food, shelter, and a roof over your head. He provides worldly knowledge for you to survive in the world. Without a father, you don't have a wife or mother because without him, they also don't exist. Every human being according to Hinduism, is said to be born under three ruṇas or debts. Among these is pitruruṇam. This ruṇa can be paid by marrying according to dharma and having a son who will perform śrāddhas to the pitrus or departed ancestors, thereby appeasing them. For Hindus, the father is honored and worshipped as a god and his children serve him in his old age.
From Vedic times to the beginning of Kaliyuga, and even today there are children who follow the father's occupation and keep the family business or tradition. From the father we inherit some traits, gotram, and family name. A father also has the burden and responsibility to maintain his life style according to dharmaśhāstrās because his children are going to look up to him and imitate him. In the great epic Mahābhārata, Yakṣha (a semi-divine being) asks Yudhishṭara, the eldest of the Pāndavās what the ātman (soul) is for the father. Yudhishṭara replies that 'putra ātmā manushyaśya' meaning- the son is the ātman for the father. He adds that -father is higher than the sky.
Our mother land has the culture of honoring and worshiping the father and is 'Pitrudevārchita Bhūmi'.
(Key Words: Father, God, Family, Vedas, Vedic, Tradition, Hinduism)
Bollywood actor Arjun Kapoor was never really keen on exploring horror comedy but the story of 'Bhoot Police' pushed him to try his hand at the genre. The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise. When I heard it, when I read it, what worked for me was the camaraderie between the brothers, the friction and the banter between them. So I quite liked the friction, the brotherhood and at the same time the love-hate relationship and the witty tone."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold.Unsplash
He further said, "There was a certain canvas and a certain color created in the script itself, so my decision to say yes to the film came from the director's vision, and thankfully it came at a point where I knew the passion Saif had, also because everybody knew in the industry he is so bullish on the script." On his camaraderie with Arjun in the film, Saif mentioned, "Arjun and I have a relationship off-camera too; he is a family friend and we have known each other for ages! On camera, we don't take each other for granted and bring out the best we can. We had a good time working together and that shows in the movie."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold, sharing his excitement for the premiere, Arjun said, "I cannot wait for the audiences to enjoy the World TV Premiere of our movie, 'Bhoot Police' on 23 January, Sunday at 8 PM on Star Gold." The 'Ishaqzaade' actor added, "'Bhoot Police' is an ideal family watch. Usually, horror-comedies are not children-friendly. But Bhoot Police is the kind of film the whole family can watch together over dinner. It is not often that you get a film that is mildly frightening and can be watched with the whole family. The kids will definitely enjoy watching the movie with their family!"
The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise."Unsplash
Speaking about her role in 'Bhoot Police', Yami Gautam said, "The character Maya that I play in 'Bhoot Police' was physically challenging. We had to shoot under tough weather conditions because the cold was bitter. There were a lot of outdoor sequences and keeping the light and weather in mind, we had to pack a lot within a day, every day." She continued, "Whenever I am in Himachal, I feel a sense of belonging; when I see the sunrise, those snow-capped mountains despite long tiring night shoots. It is my birthplace and shall always have a special place in my heart." (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Arjun Kapoor, Yami Gautam, Saif Ali Khan, Bhoot Police, horror comedy, challenging, weather, mountains, genre, script, director, camera, movie.)
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