Tuesday November 12, 2019

From Total Sanitation Campaign to Swachh Bharat Mission: Over 17 Years, same 5 States hobble Sanitation Mission

No more than 19 per cent of households in Bihar had toilets under earlier sanitation campaigns, followed by Jharkhand with 32 percent

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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Flickr

October 10, 2016: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha andJharkhand are the worst performing states under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), which celebrated its second anniversary on October 2, 2016, with fanfare.

No more than 23 per cent households in these five states use toilets, as on September 28, 2016, an increase of only two percent over 15 years, according to government data.

They say history repeats itself; this seems to be ringing true for India’s sanitation programmes.

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The worst-performing states under the SBM are the same as they were under the Total Sanitation Campaign, launched 17 years ago by NDA-1 — the first time the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) came to power. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that followed changed the name of the campaign to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign) and increased it to 607 districts.

Together, these states account for 37 percent of India’s 1.2 billion people: 448 million people live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand — only China with 1.3 billion has more people than these five states. Without headway here, the SBM is not likely to succeed.

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As many as 23 million toilets have now been built across the country, which means 55 percent of Indian households had toilets (till September 28, 2016), up from 42 percent in 2014.

As many as 1,536 villages have been declared open defecation free, up from 697 in 2014; as many as 23 districts are open-defecation free, up from seven districts in 2014.

Bihar had the lowest proportion of households with toilets in 2016: 25 percent, which is an improvement from 22 percent in 2014, according to government data.

Odisha reported an increase in the proportion of households with toilets, from 12 percent in 2014 to 33 percent in 2016, the largest increase among the bottom five states, but it is still it below the national average of 55 percent households with individual toilets.

Odisha also reported the largest proportion of households practising open defecation (77 percent), followed by Bihar (76 per cent) and Jharkhand (64 percent), according to an answer given to the Lok Sabha by the Minister of Sanitation in February 2016.

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No more than 19 per cent of households in Bihar had toilets under earlier sanitation campaigns, followed by Jharkhand with 32 per cent. More than 91 percent of households practised open defecation in Jharkhand in 2011, followed by Madhya Pradesh (86 per cent) and Odisha (84 per cent).

These states — UP, Bihar, MP, Odisha and Jharkhand — received 45 percent of the national budget for sanitation programmes, IndiaSpend reported in October 2012.

The main reason for sanitation failures in these states is the lack of information and education on sanitation, especially in MP, where large swathes of land are inhabited by tribals. Up to 21 percent of MP is tribal, who speak at least seven languages, while the literature provided by the government is in Hindi, according to this 2015 report by the Comptroller Auditor &General (CAG).

The CAG report also revealed how 13 state governments used sanitation funds for other purposes, such as salary advances and paid leave for staff, vehicle purchases, pension contributions and creation of capital assets such as office and school buildings. (IANS)

  • Diksha Arya

    the main reason behind this is the lack of awareness. After all, proper Sanitation is one of the basic human rights..

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Safeguarding Government Customers’ Data Topmost Priority: Samsung

"We want to build most secure devices for our customers and company is working towards this for the last six years," the executive noted

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To get ahead in the fast-changing tech industry, Samsung said it will expand investment in burgeoning tech segments to propel growth. Wikimedia Commons

South Korean giant Samsung on Wednesday said it is developing more powerful, secure and flexible Android to protect its customers’ privacy and the topmost priority is to safeguard critical data that belong to its government customers worldwide.

The company said it would extend its multi-layered security platform “Knox” to all the devices and appliances to safeguard sensitive information against malware and hackers.

“Governments are our biggest customers in various countries so it becomes important to invest time in the security of critical data that may range from civilian to military. We work closely with the government customers to meet their specific requirements over privacy and security,” Nick Dawson, Director B2B Product Management Group Mobile Communications Business at Samsung, told IANS.

“We also consider privacy and security of an individual’s data out top priority. As the largest Android device manufacturer, we are focused on to develop more powerful, secure and flexible Android for the customers. The idea is to build further trust among the users for our devices and we have also collaborated with our partners in India to achieve the same,” Dawson elaborated.

“Knox” is built into both the hardware and software of Samsung’s latest devices. It constantly verifies the integrity of the device through a chain of security checks that begin at the platform level and extend to the operating system and detects any tampering to ensure that your data is always secure.

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The new Samsung S10 phones are displayed Feb. 20, 2019, in San Francisco. Samsung is hailing the 10th anniversary of its first smartphone with three new models that it hopes reverses a sales slump in an industry recycling the same ideas. VOA

The platform includes different components of device security, ranging from varying levels of device configuration to a firmly controlled military-grade mobile security platform.

“With ‘knox’, we have placed several layers of security into the heart of computing devices, securing content from hardware to software,” the Samsung executive noted.

“With the introduction of 5G globally, the use of Internet of Things (IoT) devices would definitely grow and with this, the threat of malware attacks would also increase. We are extensively working to create better solutions to protect IoT-driven products with the ‘knox’,” added Dawson.

Also Read: Will 5G Roll out Put Your Health at Risk?

The ‘knox’ platform helps companies ensure that the devices used by employees have isolated personal and business data environments to prevent sensitive company information, in case of risk of loss or theft.

“We want to build most secure devices for our customers and company is working towards this for the last six years,” the executive noted. (IANS)