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Women who had higher levels of the stomach-derived hormone ghrelin, also known as the hunger hormone, were more likely to pick the immediate money reward even though it was smaller than the delayed reward, a new study has found.
According to the researchers, including Franziska Plessow from Massachusetts General Hospital in the US, this research presents novel evidence in humans that ghrelin affects monetary decision making.
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“Our results indicate that ghrelin might play a broader role than previously acknowledged in human reward-related behavior and decision making, such as monetary choices,” Plessow said.
“This will hopefully inspire future research into its role in food-independent human perception and behavior,” Plessow added.
Ghrelin signals the brain for the need to eat and may modulate brain pathways that control reward processing. Levels of ghrelin fluctuate throughout the day, depending on food intake and individual metabolism.
For the study, to be presented at ENDO 2021, the research team included 84 female participants ages 10 to 22 years — 50 with a low-weight eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa, and 34 healthy control participants.
The team tested blood levels of total ghrelin before and after a standardized meal that was the same for all participants, who had fasted beforehand. After the meal, participants took a test of hypothetical financial decisions, called the delay discounting task.
They were asked to make a series of choices to indicate their preference for a smaller immediate monetary reward or a larger delayed amount of money, for instance, $20 today or $80 in 14 days.
Healthy girls and young women with higher ghrelin levels were more likely to choose the immediate but smaller monetary reward rather than waiting for a larger amount of money, the researchers reported.
This preference indicates more impulsive choices, Plessow said. (IANS/KB)
By- Laxman Balagani
Remote working has grown to be a dominant trend in the post-pandemic world. Gartner anticipates that 41% of employees will work at least some of the time remotely once the coronavirus is in the rear-view mirror. Such a lasting change in the workplace culture has had the biggest impact on cybersecurity.
Many businesses struggle with how to secure remote workers or if it's even worth trying at all due to fears about security risks for those who aren't physically present on-site at any given time. What they need is insightful, practical, and useful visibility across all communication vectors as they support vast, remote workforces. To obtain this level of visibility, organizations should reconsider their data and user protection techniques and strive to get meaningful insights into what's going on behind the scenes.
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There are cyber risk management solutions available today that can help ensure your business stays safe and productive without sacrificing flexibility for your employees.
To guarantee a safe and secure working environment, enterprises must rethink their approach to security and privacy when dealing with a dispersed workforce. This article explores how business leaders should approach cybersecurity risk management in the era of remote working.
A behavior-centric approach based on a human-centric viewpoint on cybersecurity
The growing usage of smartphones, cloud-based apps, and social media in both work and personal has made it clear that people are the new perimeter. To contain these changes, the new cybersecurity risk management strategy, which aims to protect people, places, and things, works on a behavior-centric approach.
This approach centers on understanding users' behaviors using critical data and intellectual property across worldwide IT systems. This strategy is designed to identify problematic employee behaviors and prevent them from escalating. It's a new way of defending against threats that complements the traditional cyber risk management approach of stopping the bad guys.
It has become essential for businesses to integrate edge security, cloud security, and network security into a single, cohesive format. Here are a few steps businesses can take to enhance cybersecurity when working remotely -
To guarantee a safe and secure working environment, enterprises must rethink their approach to security and privacy when dealing with a dispersed workforce.Unsplash
Providing cyber security training to employees who work remotely can help minimize cyber threats. Ideally, employees should be able to spot a cyber scam in action and know how to avoid it in the future so they stay one step ahead of cyber threats. Providing cyber security training through video modules or cyber security e-learning is a great way to help remote employees retain cyber threat prevention techniques, cyber-hygiene standards, and cyber safety procedures.
There is an absence of a true security perimeter in a remote workplace. Thus, organizations must adopt the mentality of zero trust. All systems must be properly secured and require verified access, whether internal or external. Adding a layer of multi-factor authentication is a crucial step that will protect data from unauthorized access.
Ironically, cloud-based security systems offer better cybersecurity risk management than on-premise servers. Cloud systems are built from the ground up to be safe even when exposed to the public internet. This gives them an edge over regular file servers, which are only lightly secured with sensitive data.
The use of collaboration tools and videoconferencing platforms to allow for business interactions while away has increased significantly. Most of these were quickly integrated, with resiliency taking precedence over any security concerns. The recent Zoom-bombing is the poster child for the risks that come with adopting technologies fast. Teams in the CXO suite need to get defensive and audit all tools and platforms for security flaws before integrating them.
We've already seen software-defined networks (SDNs) emerge to define and protect networks, allowing businesses to use a single, holistic approach for all edge computing. Now that remote networks have taken center stage, IT leaders must apply the same strategy across the network and into the cloud to ensure consistency, cohesion, and security.
Remote working makes it imperative to rely on digital connections, making it critical to ensure that they're secure, fast, scalable, and robust across all networks.
Some companies may not embrace working remotely as their modus operandi, while some organizations might cling to an outdated network model. Anyhow, businesses must consider the long-term impacts of technological disruption and look at them as opportunities. With a distributed workforce, organizations must reconsider how they secure and protect their data.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links.)
By- Devakinanda Ji!
ॐ त्रिकालसन्ध्यानुष्ठितभूम्यै नमः
(Ṫrikāla: Three periods of the day; Sandhya: Obeisance to Sun god; Anuṣthiṫa: Practice, performance)
The word sandhya refers to those times, when night passes into day and day passes into night. They are dawn and dusk. The ritual of one's obeisance to God during these periods is known as sandhyāvandanam. Doing the ritual thrice at dawn (prātah sandhyā), at midday when the sun is right above our head (madhyāhna sandhyā); and dusk (sāyantrah sandhyā) is known as trikāla.
A person who has undergone the upanayana ceremony, as also house-holders (except the working class), are expected to perform this sandhyā ritual three times a day, as a sacred duty. These three rituals have many steps in common. However, in practice, only the first and the last have survived. The scriptures have provided for this modification.
After taking a bath and wearing the traditional religious dress (dhoṫi and chadar or uttarīya) one should apply the religious marks on the forehead (like the vibhūti or the ūrdhva puṇḍra as per one's family traditions), and sit on the seat (kept aside and used only for such religious purposes). Though there are differences in the procedure and the various steps to be followed, the six steps common to all and the detailed procedure has to be learnt from the family priest or the elders in the family.
These six steps are: 1) Āchamanam- is the ceremonial sipping of water from the right hand cupped in the shape of the ear of a cow (gokarṇam) to the appropriate mantras. This āchamanam is a general purification act that precedes every religious undertaking. 2) Prāṇāyāmam- is the control of the prāṇic energy through the regulation of the breathing process as detailed in the works of yoga. Prāṇayāmam helps in the control of the mind also. 3) Mārjanam- is literally means cleansing or purifying. It consists of sprinkling water on specified parts of the body with a mantra. This process will make the body ceremonially pure and fit the ritualistic act. 4) Arghyapradāna-is the offering of water taken in the two hands cupped together, by repeating the Gāyatrī mantra and addressing the Sun-god. This is just to show our gratitude to the Sun-god who is our primary life-support. 5) Gāyatrī japa-is for the goddess Gāyatrī within the orb of the sun. 6) Sūryopasṭhāna- is repeating the prayer addressed to the deity Gāyatrī in the standing posture, facing the sun. This is the last rite of bidding farewell to the goddess after having invoked her and satiated her through japa.
Hence, our land which worships the Sun-god who is our primary life-support, three times a day is known to be 'Trikālasandhyāvandānuṣthiṫa Bhūmi'.
By- Leby Sport
Parimatch bookmaker has managed to establish itself well all over the world, including India. Sophisticated software and extensive functionality make life easier for players and give an unforgettable betting experience. There is also a huge number of sports events, both regional and global. In particular, Indians can make predictions on horse racing, soccer, virtual sports and so on. Learn more useful information from our Parimatch review.
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Advantages of betting at Parimatch
Let us highlight the key advantages of this betting site:
- The company works honestly and legally, which is confirmed by a Curacao license.
- Almost all sports disciplines are available for predictions, many of which are popular in India.
- There is a lucrative welcome bonus and loyalty program.
- The user interface is user-friendly and has many features.
- Availability of live streaming for important events.
- Several ways to access the platform: web client, mobile version, apps for iOS/Android.
- High odds and the ability to cancel bets before the start of events.
- A lot of payment methods and fast payouts.
- Operational work of the support team.
Parimatch Official site in India is a really high-quality and modern betting platform, which allows not only to play, but also to win. The main thing to remember is that in order to play successfully, you need to carefully analyze sporting events, treat betting in a cold-blooded manner and without emotions, as well as react calmly to losses, not trying to win back money immediately and without preparation.
Parimatch registration and verification
Parimatch step by step instructions
It won't take you long to create a personal account. The main thing is to follow clearly the step-by-step instruction and enter true data:
- Visit the official website of the bookmaker and click on the yellow button in the right corner of the screen - "Register".
- Enter a valid phone number and come up with a strong password.
- Read the Terms and Conditions and confirm your age of majority.
- Complete the registration.
Now you can login and make bets. But we strongly recommend you to pass the verification right after registration, which is a mandatory step if you wish to withdraw your winnings. It should be noted that the availability of account verification positively characterizes the bookmaker, because they care about the maximum protection of customers from the actions of fraudsters.
To verify your profile, find the "Personal information" on the website and select "Account verification". For verification, you can use one of your identity documents: military ID, ID card, passport and so on.
You also need to verify your email. Specify the actual e-mail address and wait for the letter from Parimatch for the confirmation. You will be able to use the services of the bookmaker without restrictions only after your personal and payment details will be checked and approved.
Note also that you can use three methods of authorization on Parimatch India in the future. You can choose from a phone number, a gaming account number and an email address.
Parimatch User Interface
Players from India can choose the best deposit method from a wide list. Here are just some of the suitable options:
- Astropay Card.
The choice of a financial instrument is influenced by the preferences of a particular user. Those who prefer maximum anonymity often choose Crypto, and security lovers prefer UPI. For instant deposits, Paytm is popular.
But in any case you can deposit money to your account in the local currency, which is very convenient. Often the minimum deposit amount is 300 rupees, although sometimes the minimum deposit is influenced by the conditions of a particular sporting event.
Withdrawal at Parimatch
The good news: the platform allows you to withdraw winnings in rupees, using the same financial tools that are available for deposits. No conversions and overpayments, as well as a high degree of security are all about Parimatch.
But the conditions for cashout are very different depending on the selected payment method. For example, if you use Skrill, you can cash out from 700 rupees and it takes no more than 24 hours. A wire transfer, on the other hand, requires you to wait up to two days for a cashout and the minimum amount is 1,000 rupees. Remember, you can't cash out your winnings without prior verification.
Our Parimatch review India couldn't do without a review of the support team. Players often turn to the company with questions about registration, bonuses, financial tools. That's why the bookmaker offers several ways of communication at once for uninterrupted support of its customers:
- Email. If you don't have any urgent questions, but, for example, want to get an in-depth consultation or make a suggestion on how to upgrade the platform, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Live Chat. An ideal solution for urgent questions and consultations. You can find the chat window on the site. To start a dialog, fill out the request form and wait for an employee of the bookie to get in touch.
- Phone number. If you prefer live communication rather than correspondence, contact the Parimatch representatives on this number: +38-050-806-22-04.
You can also get advice via popular instant messengers. Use the number +38-068-551-83-24 for communication on WhatsApp. If you want to "chat" via Telegram, find this bot: @ParimatchINDIA_bot.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links.)