Sunday, September 20, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Hi-tech AI Developed by Indian Scientists To Enhance Brain Tumour Diagnosis

Hi-tech AI Developed by Indian Scientists To Enhance Brain Tumour Diagnosis

Indian Scientists have developed a highly accurate AI tool to help choose the most effective treatment strategy for patients with glioma brain tumour

Scientists in India and Japan have developed a highly accurate machine tool to help clinicians choose the most effective treatment strategy for patients with glioma brain tumour. A new machine learning approach classifies a common type of brain tumour into low or high grades with almost 98 per cent accuracy, researchers reported in the journal IEEE Access.

“Our method outperformed other state-of-the-art approaches for predicting glioma grades from brain MRI scans. This is quite considerable,” said study researcher Balasubramanian Raman from the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT-R). According to the researchers, gliomas are a common type of brain tumour affecting glial cells, which provide support and insulation for neurons.

The treatment varies depending on the tumour’s aggressiveness, so it’s important to get the diagnosis right for each individual. Radiologists obtain a very large amount of data from MRI scans to reconstruct a 3D image of the scanned tissue. Much of the data available in the MRI scans cannot be detected by the naked eye, such as details related to the tumour shape, texture, or the image’s intensity. Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms help extract this data.

Medical oncologists have been using this approach, called radiomics, to improve patient diagnoses, but its accuracy still needs to be enhanced. For the current study, Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS, Japan) bioengineer Ganesh Pandian Namasivayam collaborated with Indian data scientist Raman to develop a machine learning approach that can classify gliomas into low or high grade with 97.54 per cent accuracy.

brain tumour
The approach called CGHF, which stands for: A computational decision support system for glioma classification using hybrid radionics and stationary wavelet-based features. Pixabay

The choice of patient treatment largely depends on being able to determine glioma’s grading. The team, including Rahul Kumar, Ankur Gupta and Harkirat Singh Arora, used a dataset from MRI scans belonging to 210 people with high-grade glioma and another 75 with low-grade glioma. They developed an approach called CGHF, which stands for: A computational decision support system for glioma classification using hybrid radiomics and stationary wavelet-based features.

For more news updates follow Newsgram on LinkedIn

They chose specific algorithms for extracting features from some of the MRI scans and then trained another predictive algorithm to process this data and classify the gliomas. They then tested their model on the rest of the MRI scans to assess its accuracy.

Also Read: Toxic Flame Retardants From Electronics Another Reason To Wash Hands Frequently

The method outperformed other approaches for predicting glioma grades from brain MRI scans. “We hope AI helps develop a semi-automatic or automatic machine predictive software model that can help doctors, radiologists, and other medical practitioners tailor the best approaches for their individual patients,” Ganesh said. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,148FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,774FollowersFollow

Most Popular

This Microchip Can Detect Organic Biosignatures in Extraterrestrial Soil

Researchers have developed a fully automated microchip electrophoresis analyzer that, when incorporated into a planetary rover, could someday detect organic biosignatures in extraterrestrial soil. Although...

Researchers Develop World’s Smallest Ultrasound Detector

A team of European researchers has developed the world's smallest ultrasound detector that is based on miniaturised photonic circuits on top of a silicon...

Apple’s First India Online Exclusive Store Set To Transform Purchasing Pattern

The entire online buying experience has been more or less monotonous (read unemotional) for millions in India for years who select the product, fill...

Certain Cancer Treatments May Increase Death Risk in Covid-19 Patients: Study

A team of US researchers has found that certain treatments for cancer may increase the chance of death if they contract Covid-19. The study by...

Homemade Masks Effective At Blocking Droplets By Speaking, Coughing And Sneezing

Masks made with common household fabrics help prevent the spread of viruses like Covid-19 as researchers have found that they are considerably effective at...

Get Flu Shot to Avoid Having Covid and Flu Simultaneously

Health officials are warning the public to get a flu shot this year to avoid having to deal with COVID-19 and the flu simultaneously. Both...

India Couture Week Was Digital, Virtual And Democratic

It wasn't the familiar setting of the ballroom at the Taj Palace Hotel in the Capital, neither was it the familiar parade of 'shaadi'...

India’s Top Film Industry is Telugu Film Industry: Kangana Ranaut

Actress Kangana Ranaut says she wants film industries of different states to have a collective identity, and claims she wants to save the industry...

Recent Comments

Donate to NewsGram to support quality journalism.
x