Monday December 16, 2019

High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine

Migraines are thought to affect a staggering one billion people worldwide

High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine
High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine. Pixabay

A medication originally used to treat high blood pressure may help you from migraine pain attacks.
Candesartan – a drug used to treat high blood pressure – is just as effective as the commonly prescribed propranolol for migraine sufferers, according to a study.

The researchers also found that candesartan may work for patients who get no relief from propranolol.

“This gives doctors more possibilities and we can help more people,” said professor Lars Jacob Stovner, from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).

“Candesartan is already in use by several doctors as a migraine preventive medicine but our follow-up study provides the proof that the drug actually works as a treatment,” said the researchers.

Representational image.
Representational image. Pixabay

The NTNU study was a triple blind test, which means that neither patients nor doctors nor those who analysed the results knew whether the patients had been given placebo or real medicine, Stovner said.

Researchers tested both candesartan and propranolol in 72 patients.

These patients were normally affected by migraine attacks at least twice every month.

The patients used each treatment (candesartan, propranolol or placebo) for 12 weeks.

More than 20 percent of migraine patients reported that they feel better even when they are given a placebo.

Also Read: Why migraines are more common among women

But blind tests show that candesartan works preventively for another 20 to 30 percent of patients.

“The hope is now that candesartan will be even more commonly prescribed,” said Stovner.

Migraines are thought to affect a staggering one billion people worldwide. (IANS)

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Exercise may Trigger Migraine Attacks in Women: Study

Here's why exercise won't help most women suffering from migraine

Migraine in women
Although regular aerobic exercise has been strongly recommended, it may trigger migraine attacks in women. Lifetime Stock

Despite doctors recommending regular aerobic exercise to prevent migraine, physical exercise can actually be a trigger of migraine attacks for most women because of “anxiety sensitivity” in them, find researchers.

“Anxiety sensitivity” refers to one’s fear of experiencing anxiety arousal due to harmful physical, cognitive and socially-observable consequences, may be related to physical activity (PA) avoidance in migraine patients.

Migraine affects around 10-15 per cent of the population around the globe, and among its most common diagnosis criteria include a throbbing, unilateral head pain, hypersensitivity to lights, sounds, odour, and aggravation by activity.

Although regular aerobic exercise has been strongly recommended by clinicians as an adjuvant option for migraine prevention, for up to one-third of patients, physical exercise can be a trigger of migraine attacks, thus, it can instead be avoided as a strategy to manage migraine, said researchers.

Migraine women
Women who suffer from migraine should avoid physical activity. Lifetime Stock

The study, published in the journal Cephalalgia and highlighted an overlooked relationship between migraine and exercise, was led by Samantha G Farris from Rutgers, Department of Psychology, the State University of New Jersey.

The researchers assessed 100 women with probable migraine, who filled an online survey covering anxiety sensitivity scores, intentional avoidance of moderate and vigorous physical activity (PA) in the past month, as well as the self-rated perception that exercise would trigger a migraine attack and worse migraine symptoms.

The results showed that increased anxiety sensitivity scores associated with PA avoidance of both moderate and vigorous intensities.

One-point increase in the anxiety sensitivity scale resulted in up to 5 per cent increase in the odds for avoiding PA.

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Migraine is a highly prevalent and disabling neurological disorder, in which regular PA is part of current non-pharmacological treatment recommendations.

The authors wrote that “patients with migraine and elevated anxiety sensitivity could benefit from tailored, multi-component intervention”. (IANS)