Tuesday December 11, 2018

High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine

Migraines are thought to affect a staggering one billion people worldwide

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High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine
High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine. Pixabay
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A medication originally used to treat high blood pressure may help you from migraine pain attacks.
Candesartan – a drug used to treat high blood pressure – is just as effective as the commonly prescribed propranolol for migraine sufferers, according to a study.

The researchers also found that candesartan may work for patients who get no relief from propranolol.

“This gives doctors more possibilities and we can help more people,” said professor Lars Jacob Stovner, from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).

“Candesartan is already in use by several doctors as a migraine preventive medicine but our follow-up study provides the proof that the drug actually works as a treatment,” said the researchers.

Representational image.
Representational image. Pixabay

The NTNU study was a triple blind test, which means that neither patients nor doctors nor those who analysed the results knew whether the patients had been given placebo or real medicine, Stovner said.

Researchers tested both candesartan and propranolol in 72 patients.

These patients were normally affected by migraine attacks at least twice every month.

The patients used each treatment (candesartan, propranolol or placebo) for 12 weeks.

More than 20 percent of migraine patients reported that they feel better even when they are given a placebo.

Also Read: Why migraines are more common among women

But blind tests show that candesartan works preventively for another 20 to 30 percent of patients.

“The hope is now that candesartan will be even more commonly prescribed,” said Stovner.

Migraines are thought to affect a staggering one billion people worldwide. (IANS)

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Smoking, High BP Increases Risk of Heart Attack Recurrence

Previous studies have defined young heart attack patients as less than 45-years-old while some used a less than 40-year-old cut-off

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Smoking, high BP raises risk of heart attack relapse: Study. Pixabay

Young men who are chain smokers or suffer from hypertension could be at an increased risk of heart attack recurrence, researchers have warned.

The study found that risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, family history of heart disease and chronic kidney disease were more prevalent among the patients who experienced a relapse.

“When treating younger patients with a history of heart attack, clinicians should emphasise better control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes,” said Joanne Karen Recacho-Turingan, a cardiology student from The Medical City in Manila, Philippines.

“Other modifiable risk factors to highlight in patient history and address with these patients include smoking habits and obesity,” Recacho-Turingan added.

The findings were presented at the Asia Conference 2018 in Shanghai.

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BP-monitoring machine. Pixabay

For the study, researchers analysed 133 young patients and found that males (90.1 per cent) with an average age of 40.9 years, experienced a second heart attack compared to females (9.9 per cent) with an average age of 39.6 years.

In addition, in these male patients, chest pain was the most common presenting symptom (81.8 per cent) while 90.9 per cent had unstable vital signs.

Heart attack in young patients can cause disability and even death at the prime of life. There are often serious consequences for these patients, their families and the health system, which can lead to an increased economic burden, according to the study.

Also Read- New Drug Offers Treatment For Diabetes-Related Blindness

“We must make sure to work with these patients on their modifiable risk factors to reduce their risk not just for a second heart attack, but hopefully, even preventing the first,” Recacho-Turingan noted.

Previous studies have defined young heart attack patients as less than 45-years-old while some used a less than 40-year-old cut-off. (IANS)