Saturday October 19, 2019
Home India High Time To ...

High Time To Worry! Burning Crops Not Just Causes Respiratory Diseases But Also Economic Loss of $ 30 Billion

The study analyzed health data from more than 250,000 individuals of all ages residing in rural and urban areas in India. 

0
//
fire
It used NASA satellite data on fire activity to estimate the health impact of living in areas with intense crop burning by comparing them with areas unaffected by CRB. Pixabay

Not just growing respiratory diseases but crop residue burning (CRB) has led to economic loss of nearly $ 30 billion or Rs 2 lakh crore annually for the three north Indian states of Punjab, Haryana and Delhi every year in India, says a new study.

The study conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and partner institutes estimate – for the first time – the health and economic costs of CRB in northern India.

“Economic losses owing to exposure to air pollution from firecracker burning are estimated to be around $7 billion or nearly Rs 50 thousand crore a year. In five years, the economic loss due to burning of crop residue and firecrackers is estimated to be $190 billion, or nearly 1.7 per cent of India’s GDP,” said the study.

burn
They also examined other factors that could contribute to poor respiratory health such as firecracker burning during Diwali (it usually coincides with time of CRB) and motor vehicle density. Pixabay

The study analyzed health data from more than 250,000 individuals of all ages residing in rural and urban areas in India.

It used NASA satellite data on fire activity to estimate the health impact of living in areas with intense crop burning by comparing them with areas unaffected by CRB.

The researchers observed that as crop burning increased in the northern Indian state of Haryana, respiratory health worsened.

The research noted that health was measured by the frequency of reported hospital visits for acute respiratory infection (ARI), symptoms.

fire in woods
“Smoke from the burning of agricultural crop residue by farmers in Haryana and Punjab particularly contributes to Delhi’s poor air, increasing the risk of ARI three-fold for those living in districts with intense crop burning,” said IFPRI Research Fellow and co-author of the study, Samuel Scott. Pixabay

They also examined other factors that could contribute to poor respiratory health such as firecracker burning during Diwali (it usually coincides with time of CRB) and motor vehicle density.

“Smoke from the burning of agricultural crop residue by farmers in Haryana and Punjab particularly contributes to Delhi’s poor air, increasing the risk of ARI three-fold for those living in districts with intense crop burning,” said IFPRI Research Fellow and co-author of the study, Samuel Scott.

Also Read: Now The Delhi Government Comes Up With The Food Wastage Check Policy At Social Gatherings

The study suggests targeted government initiatives to improve crop disposal practices.

“To quickly clear the field for the next crop, they burn the leftover stubble rather than using the traditional method of clearing it by hand,” it added. (IANS)

Next Story

Haryana Takes Steps to Curtail Crop Residue Burning by Increasing Maize Crop Area

The state government said that there is a centralised control room where the monitoring is done and the FIRs are registered

0
Haryana
Paddy stubble burning incidents in neighbouring states like Haryana have been identified as among the reasons for high pollution levels in the Delhi NCR region during the winter season. Pixabay

Haryana is taking a number of steps to curtail crop residue burning, including diversifying rice area to maize crop and daily monitoring of fire burning incidents.

Paddy stubble burning incidents in neighbouring states like Haryana have been identified as among the reasons for high pollution levels in the Delhi NCR region during the winter season

Haryana has submitted before the National Green Tribunal that it has undertaken a major programme to diversify rice area to growing maize crop by which the target was to achieve water conservation and conservation of ecology. This will, indirectly, also reduce the chances of crop burning residue in rice cultivation area.

The burning locations are monitored by Haryana Space Applications Centre and the alerts are being issued by them to all the stake-holders.

The state government said that there is a centralised control room where the monitoring is done and the FIRs are registered. Dashboard monitoring is also being conducted. Also FIR and minute level monitoring at field level and serving alert messages to other field authorities is also being done.

A special cell has been in place at Directorate of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Haryana with regard to review the status of crop residue burning on daily basis.

Haryana
The burning locations on fields are monitored by Haryana Space Applications Centre and the alerts are being issued by them to all the stake-holders. Pixabay

The Indian Oil Corporation is going to establish ethanol plant in Panipat district and the Haryana government has already notified bio-energy policy.

The government is also carrying out timely supply of crop residue machinery to the farmers. A pilot project is also being taken up for setting up compost units in a cluster of villages. The matter is also being taken up with the Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar.

ALSO READ: Now Pay Bills on Amazon Pay While Speaking to Alexa

Haryana has also selected 10,179 beneficiaries for providing subsidy under the crop residue management scheme. (IANS)